binconf: Confidence Intervals for Binomial Probabilities

Description Usage Arguments Value Author(s) References Examples

View source: R/binconf.s

Description

Produces 1-alpha confidence intervals for binomial probabilities.

Usage

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binconf(x, n, alpha=0.05,
        method=c("wilson","exact","asymptotic","all"),
        include.x=FALSE, include.n=FALSE, return.df=FALSE)

Arguments

x

vector containing the number of "successes" for binomial variates

n

vector containing the numbers of corresponding observations

alpha

probability of a type I error, so confidence coefficient = 1-alpha

method

character string specifing which method to use. The "all" method only works when x and n are length 1. The "exact" method uses the F distribution to compute exact (based on the binomial cdf) intervals; the "wilson" interval is score-test-based; and the "asymptotic" is the text-book, asymptotic normal interval. Following Agresti and Coull, the Wilson interval is to be preferred and so is the default.

include.x

logical flag to indicate whether x should be included in the returned matrix or data frame

include.n

logical flag to indicate whether n should be included in the returned matrix or data frame

return.df

logical flag to indicate that a data frame rather than a matrix be returned

Value

a matrix or data.frame containing the computed intervals and, optionally, x and n.

Author(s)

Rollin Brant, Modified by Frank Harrell and
Brad Biggerstaff
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
National Center for Infectious Diseases
Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases
P.O. Box 2087, Fort Collins, CO, 80522-2087, USA
[email protected]

References

A. Agresti and B.A. Coull, Approximate is better than "exact" for interval estimation of binomial proportions, American Statistician, 52:119–126, 1998.

R.G. Newcombe, Logit confidence intervals and the inverse sinh transformation, American Statistician, 55:200–202, 2001.

L.D. Brown, T.T. Cai and A. DasGupta, Interval estimation for a binomial proportion (with discussion), Statistical Science, 16:101–133, 2001.

Examples

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binconf(0:10,10,include.x=TRUE,include.n=TRUE)
binconf(46,50,method="all")

harrelfe/Hmisc documentation built on Oct. 3, 2019, 9:34 p.m.