# R/ModelU10.R In mfrdixon/MLEMVD: Maximum Likelihood Estimation for Diffusion Equations

#### Documented in ModelU10

```#' Compute the maximum likelihood estimate of Model U10
#'
#' @param x Observation of the state variable at time t
#' @param x0 Observation of the state variable at time t-1
#' @param del The time step between the current and previous observation
#' @param param The parameter 8-vector (am1,a0,a1,a2,b0,b1,b2,b3)
#' @export output a list with a llk variable storing the result of the log likelihood calculation
#' @examples
#' ModelU10(0.4,0.3,0.1,c(0.1,0.3,0.2,0.1,0.2,1.3,0.1,0.2))
#'

ModelU10 <- function(x,x0,del,param)
{
# (* If you use this code, you must acknowledge the source:
#
# Ait-Sahalia,Yacine,1996 , Testing Continuous-Time Models of the Spot Interest Rate, Review of Financial Studies,9,385-426.
#
# Ait-Sahalia,Yacine,1999, Transition Densities for Interest Rate and Other Nonlinear Densities, Journal of Finance 54,1361-1395.
#
# Ait-Sahalia,Yacine,2002, Maximum-Likelihood Estimation of Discretely Sampled Diffusions: A Closed-Form Approximation Approach, Econometrica 70,223-262. *)

am1 <- param[1]
a0 <- param[2]
a1 <- param[3]
a2 <- param[4]
b0 <- param[5]
b1 <- param[6]
b2 <- param[7]
b3 <- param[8]

sx <- b0 + b1*x + b2*x^b3
cm1 <- -((x - x0)^2/(2*(b0 + b1*x0 + b2*x0^b3)^2)) + ((x - x0)^3*(b1 + b2*b3*x0^(-1 + b3)))/(2*(b0 + b1*x0 + b2*x0^b3)^3) + ((x - x0)^4*(-11*(b1 + b2*b3*x0^(-1 + b3))^2 + 4*b2*(-1 + b3)*b3* x0^(-2 + b3)*(b0 + b1*x0 + b2*x0^b3)))/(24*(b0 + b1*x0 + b2*x0^b3)^4)
c0 <- ((x - x0)*((-(b1 + b2*b3*x0^(-1 + b3)))*(b0 + b1*x0 + b2*x0^b3) + 2*(a0 + am1/x0 + x0*(a1 + a2*x0))))/(2*(b0 + b1*x0 + b2*x0^b3)^2) + ((x - x0)^2*((-b2)*(-1 + b3)*b3*x0^(-2 + b3)*(b0 + b1*x0 + b2*x0^b3)^2 - 4*(b1 + b2*b3*x0^(-1 + b3))*(a0 + am1/x0 + x0*(a1 + a2*x0)) + (b0 + b1*x0 + b2*x0^b3)*(2*(a1 - am1/x0^2 + 2*a2*x0) + (b1 + b2*b3*x0^(-1 + b3))^2)))/(4*(b0 + b1*x0 + b2*x0^b3)^3)
c1 <- (-(1/(8*(b0 + b1*x0 + b2*x0^b3)^2)))*(-8*(b1 + b2*b3*x0^(-1 + b3))*(b0 + b1*x0 + b2*x0^b3)* (a0 + am1/x0 + x0*(a1 + a2*x0)) + 4*(a0 + am1/x0 + x0*(a1 + a2*x0))^2 + (b0 + b1*x0 + b2*x0^b3)^2*(4*(a1 - am1/x0^2 + 2*a2*x0) + (b1 + b2*b3*x0^(-1 + b3))^2 - 2*b2*(-1 + b3)*b3*x0^(-2 + b3)*(b0 + b1*x0 + b2*x0^b3)))
output <- list()
output\$llk <- -(1/2)*log(2*pi*del) - log(sx) + cm1/del + c0 + c1*del

return(output)

}

# ModelU10(3,4,1/52,c(0.1,0.2,0.3,0.1,0.2,0.3,0.1,0.2))
```
mfrdixon/MLEMVD documentation built on May 1, 2018, 11:38 p.m.