get_regime_autocovs_int: Calculate regimewise autocovariance matrices

Description Usage Arguments Value References

View source: R/uncondMoments.R


get_regime_autocovs_int calculates the regimewise autocovariance matrices Γ_{m}(j) j=0,1,...,p for the given GSMVAR model.


  model = c("GMVAR", "StMVAR", "G-StMVAR"),
  constraints = NULL,
  same_means = NULL,
  structural_pars = NULL



a positive integer specifying the autoregressive order of the model.

For GMVAR and StMVAR models:

a positive integer specifying the number of mixture components.

For G-StMVAR models:

a size (2x1) integer vector specifying the number of GMVAR type components M1 in the first element and StMVAR type components M2 in the second element. The total number of mixture components is M=M1+M2.


the number of time series in the system.


a real valued vector specifying the parameter values.

For unconstrained models:

Should be size ((M(pd^2+d+d(d+1)/2+2)-M1-1)x1) and have the form θ = (υ_{1}, ...,υ_{M}, α_{1},...,α_{M-1},ν), where

  • υ_{m} = (φ_{m,0},φ_{m},σ_{m})

  • φ_{m} = (vec(A_{m,1}),...,vec(A_{m,p})

  • and σ_{m} = vech(Ω_{m}), m=1,...,M,

  • ν=(ν_{M1+1},...,ν_{M})

  • M1 is the number of GMVAR type regimes.

For constrained models:

Should be size ((M(d+d(d+1)/2+2)+q-M1-1)x1) and have the form θ = (φ_{1,0},...,φ_{M,0},ψ, σ_{1},...,σ_{M},α_{1},...,α_{M-1},ν), where

  • ψ (qx1) satisfies (φ_{1},..., φ_{M}) = C ψ where C is a (Mpd^2xq) constraint matrix.

For same_means models:

Should have the form θ = (μ,ψ, σ_{1},...,σ_{M},α_{1},...,α_{M-1},ν), where

  • μ= (μ_{1},...,μ_{g}) where μ_{i} is the mean parameter for group i and g is the number of groups.

  • If AR constraints are employed, ψ is as for constrained models, and if AR constraints are not employed, ψ = (φ_{1},...,φ_{M}).

For structural models:

Should have the form θ = (φ_{1,0},...,φ_{M,0},φ_{1},...,φ_{M}, vec(W),λ_{2},...,λ_{M},α_{1},...,α_{M-1},ν), where

  • λ_{m}=(λ_{m1},...,λ_{md}) contains the eigenvalues of the mth mixture component.

If AR parameters are constrained:

Replace φ_{1},..., φ_{M} with ψ (qx1) that satisfies (φ_{1},..., φ_{M}) = C ψ, as above.

If same_means:

Replace (φ_{1,0},...,φ_{M,0}) with (μ_{1},...,μ_{g}), as above.

If W is constrained:

Remove the zeros from vec(W) and make sure the other entries satisfy the sign constraints.

If λ_{mi} are constrained:

Replace λ_{2},...,λ_{M} with γ (rx1) that satisfies (λ_{2},..., λ_{M}) = C_{λ} γ where C_{λ} is a (d(M-1) x r) constraint matrix.

Above, φ_{m,0} is the intercept parameter, A_{m,i} denotes the ith coefficient matrix of the mth mixture component, Ω_{m} denotes the error term covariance matrix of the m:th mixture component, and α_{m} is the mixing weight parameter. The W and λ_{mi} are structural parameters replacing the error term covariance matrices (see Virolainen, 2020). If M=1, α_{m} and λ_{mi} are dropped. If parametrization=="mean", just replace each φ_{m,0} with regimewise mean μ_{m}. vec() is vectorization operator that stacks columns of a given matrix into a vector. vech() stacks columns of a given matrix from the principal diagonal downwards (including elements on the diagonal) into a vector.

In the GMVAR model, M1=M and ν is dropped from the parameter vector. In the StMVAR model, M1=0. In the G-StMVAR model, the first M1 regimes are GMVAR type and the rest M2 regimes are StMVAR type. In StMVAR and G-StMVAR models, the degrees of freedom parameters in ν should be strictly larger than two.

The notation is similar to the cited literature.


is "GMVAR", "StMVAR", or "G-StMVAR" model considered? In the G-StMVAR model, the first M1 components are GMVAR type and the rest M2 components are StMVAR type.


a size (Mpd^2 x q) constraint matrix C specifying general linear constraints to the autoregressive parameters. We consider constraints of form (φ_{1},...,φ_{M}) = C ψ, where φ_{m} = (vec(A_{m,1}),...,vec(A_{m,p}) (pd^2 x 1), m=1,...,M, contains the coefficient matrices and ψ (q x 1) contains the related parameters. For example, to restrict the AR-parameters to be the same for all regimes, set C= [I:...:I]' (Mpd^2 x pd^2) where I = diag(p*d^2). Ignore (or set to NULL) if linear constraints should not be employed.


Restrict the mean parameters of some regimes to be the same? Provide a list of numeric vectors such that each numeric vector contains the regimes that should share the common mean parameters. For instance, if M=3, the argument list(1, 2:3) restricts the mean parameters of the second and third regime to be the same but the first regime has freely estimated (unconditional) mean. Ignore or set to NULL if mean parameters should not be restricted to be the same among any regimes. This constraint is available only for mean parametrized models; that is, when parametrization="mean".


If NULL a reduced form model is considered. For structural model, should be a list containing the following elements:

  • W - a (dxd) matrix with its entries imposing constraints on W: NA indicating that the element is unconstrained, a positive value indicating strict positive sign constraint, a negative value indicating strict negative sign constraint, and zero indicating that the element is constrained to zero.

  • C_lambda - a (d(M-1) x r) constraint matrix that satisfies (λ_{2},..., λ_{M}) = C_{λ} γ where γ is the new (r x 1) parameter subject to which the model is estimated (similarly to AR parameter constraints). The entries of C_lambda must be either positive or zero. Ignore (or set to NULL) if the eigenvalues λ_{mi} should not be constrained.

See Virolainen (2020) for the conditions required to identify the shocks and for the B-matrix as well (it is W times a time-varying diagonal matrix with positive diagonal entries).


Returns an (d x d x p+1 x M) array containing the first p regimewise autocovariance matrices. The subset [, , j, m] contains the j-1:th lag autocovariance matrix of the m:th regime.


saviviro/gmvarkit documentation built on Oct. 25, 2021, 2:14 a.m.