sim.ssize.wilcox.test: Sample Size for Wilcoxon Rank Sum and Signed Rank Tests

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) References See Also Examples

View source: R/simSsizeWilcoxTest.R

Description

Simulate the empirical power of Wilcoxon rank sum and signed rank tests for computing the required sample size.

Usage

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sim.ssize.wilcox.test(rx, ry = NULL, mu = 0, sig.level = 0.05, power = 0.8, 
                      type = c("two.sample", "one.sample", "paired"), 
                      alternative = c("two.sided", "less", "greater"),
                      n.min = 10, n.max = 200, step.size = 10, 
                      iter = 10000, BREAK = TRUE)

Arguments

rx

function to simulate the values of x, respectively x-y in the paired case.

ry

function to simulate the values of y in the two-sample case

mu

true values of the location shift for the null hypothesis.

sig.level

significance level (Type I error probability)

power

two-sample, one-sample or paired test

type

one- or two-sided test. Can be abbreviated.

alternative

one- or two-sided test. Can be abbreviated.

n.min

integer, start value of grid search.

n.max

integer, stop value of grid search.

step.size

integer, step size used in the grid search.

iter

integer, number of interations of the simulations.

BREAK

logical, grid search stops when the emperical power is larger than the requested power.

Details

Functions rx and ry are used to simulate the data and functions row_wilcoxon_twosample and row_wilcoxon_onesample are used to efficiently compute the p values of the respective test.

We recommend a two steps procedure: In the first step, start with a wide grid and find out in which range of sample size values the intended power will be achieved. In the second step, the interval identified in the first step is used to find the sample size that leads to the required power setting step.size = 1 and BREAK = FALSE. This approach is applied in the examples below.

Value

Object of class "power.htest", a list of the arguments (including the computed one) augmented with method and note elements.

Author(s)

Matthias Kohl [email protected]

References

Wilcoxon, F (1945). Individual Comparisons by Ranking Methods. Biometrics Bulletin, 1, 80-83.

See Also

wilcox.test, wilcoxon

Examples

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  ###############################################################################
  ## two-sample
  ## iter = 1000 to reduce check time
  ###############################################################################
  rx <- function(n) rnorm(n, mean = 0, sd = 1) 
  ry <- function(n) rnorm(n, mean = 0.5, sd = 1) 
  sim.ssize.wilcox.test(rx = rx, ry = ry, n.max = 100, iter = 1000)
  sim.ssize.wilcox.test(rx = rx, ry = ry, n.min = 65, n.max = 70, step.size = 1, 
                        iter = 1000, BREAK = FALSE)
  ## compared to
  power.t.test(delta = 0.5, power = 0.8)
  
  rx <- function(n) rnorm(n, mean = 0, sd = 1) 
  ry <- function(n) rnorm(n, mean = 0.5, sd = 1.5) 
  sim.ssize.wilcox.test(rx = rx, ry = ry, n.max = 100, iter = 1000, alternative = "less")
  sim.ssize.wilcox.test(rx = rx, ry = ry, n.min = 85, n.max = 90, step.size = 1, 
                        iter = 1000, BREAK = FALSE, alternative = "less")
  ## compared to
  power.welch.t.test(delta = 0.5, sd = 1, sd2 = 1.5, power = 0.8, alternative = "one.sided")
  
  rx <- function(n) rnorm(n, mean = 0.5, sd = 1)
  ry <- function(n) rnorm(n, mean = 0, sd = 1)
  sim.ssize.wilcox.test(rx = rx, ry = ry, n.max = 100, iter = 1000, alternative = "greater")
  sim.ssize.wilcox.test(rx = rx, ry = ry, n.min = 50, n.max = 55, step.size = 1, 
                        iter = 1000, BREAK = FALSE, alternative = "greater")
  ## compared to
  power.t.test(delta = 0.5, power = 0.8, alternative = "one.sided")
  
  rx <- function(n) rgamma(n, scale = 10, shape = 1)
  ry <- function(n) rgamma(n, scale = 15, shape = 1)
  sim.ssize.wilcox.test(rx = rx, ry = ry, n.max = 200, iter = 1000)
  sim.ssize.wilcox.test(rx = rx, ry = ry, n.min = 125, n.max = 135, step.size = 1, 
                        iter = 1000, BREAK = FALSE)
  
  ###############################################################################
  ## one-sample
  ## iter = 1000 to reduce check time
  ###############################################################################
  rx <- function(n) rnorm(n, mean = 0.5, sd = 1)
  sim.ssize.wilcox.test(rx = rx, mu = 0, type = "one.sample", n.max = 100, iter = 1000)
  sim.ssize.wilcox.test(rx = rx, mu = 0, type = "one.sample", n.min = 33, n.max = 38, 
                        step.size = 1, iter = 1000, BREAK = FALSE)
  ## compared to
  power.t.test(delta = 0.5, power = 0.8, type = "one.sample")
  
  sim.ssize.wilcox.test(rx = rx, mu = 0, type = "one.sample", n.max = 100, iter = 1000,
                        alternative = "greater")
  sim.ssize.wilcox.test(rx = rx, mu = 0, type = "one.sample", n.min = 25, n.max = 30, 
                        step.size = 1, iter = 1000, BREAK = FALSE, alternative = "greater")
  ## compared to
  power.t.test(delta = 0.5, power = 0.8, type = "one.sample", alternative = "one.sided")
  
  sim.ssize.wilcox.test(rx = rx, mu = 1, type = "one.sample", n.max = 100, iter = 1000,
                        alternative = "less")
  sim.ssize.wilcox.test(rx = rx, mu = 1, type = "one.sample", n.min = 20, n.max = 30, 
                        step.size = 1, iter = 1000, BREAK = FALSE, alternative = "less")
  ## compared to
  power.t.test(delta = 0.5, power = 0.8, type = "one.sample", alternative = "one.sided")
  
  rx <- function(n) rgamma(n, scale = 10, shape = 1)
  sim.ssize.wilcox.test(rx = rx, mu = 5, type = "one.sample", n.max = 200, iter = 1000)
  sim.ssize.wilcox.test(rx = rx, mu = 5, type = "one.sample", n.min = 40, n.max = 50, 
                        step.size = 1, iter = 1000, BREAK = FALSE)
  
  ###############################################################################
  ## paired
  ## identical to one-sample, requires random number generating function 
  ## that simulates the difference x-y
  ## iter = 1000 to reduce check time
  ###############################################################################
  rxy <- function(n) rnorm(n, mean = 0.5, sd = 1)
  sim.ssize.wilcox.test(rx = rxy, mu = 0, type = "paired", n.max = 100, 
                        iter = 1000)
  sim.ssize.wilcox.test(rx = rxy, mu = 0, type = "paired", n.min = 33, 
                        n.max = 38, step.size = 1, iter = 1000, BREAK = FALSE)
  ## compared to
  power.t.test(delta = 0.5, power = 0.8, type = "paired")

stamats/MKpower documentation built on Jan. 23, 2020, 3:32 p.m.