# protect_math: Protect math expressions in pairs of backticks in Markdown In yihui/xfun: Miscellaneous Functions by 'Yihui Xie'

## Description

For Markdown renderers that do not support LaTeX math, we need to protect math expressions as verbatim code (in a pair of backticks), because some characters in the math expressions may be interpreted as Markdown syntax (e.g., a pair of underscores may make text italic). This function detects math expressions in Markdown (by heuristics), and wrap them in backticks.

## Usage

 1 protect_math(x) 

## Arguments

 x A character vector of text in Markdown.

## Details

Expressions in pairs of dollar signs or double dollar signs are treated as math, if there are no spaces after the starting dollar sign, or before the ending dollar sign. There should be spaces before the starting dollar sign, unless the math expression starts from the very beginning of a line. For a pair of single dollar signs, the ending dollar sign should not be followed by a number. With these assumptions, there should not be too many false positives when detecing math expressions.

Besides, LaTeX environments (\begin{*} and \end{*}) are also protected in backticks.

## Value

A character vector with math expressions in backticks.

## Note

If you are using Pandoc or the rmarkdown package, there is no need to use this function, because Pandoc's Markdown can recognize math expressions.

## Examples

 1 2 3 library(xfun) protect_math(c("hi $a+b$", "hello $$\\alpha$$", "no math here: $x is$10 dollars")) protect_math(c("hi ", "\", "x + y = z", "\")) 

yihui/xfun documentation built on Dec. 12, 2018, 10:49 p.m.