K\_W

Description

PUBLIC function: calculates the ion product of H2O

Usage

1
K_W(S, t, p=0, SumH2SO4=NULL, SumHF=NULL, khf="dickson", khso4="dickson")

Arguments

S

salinity in practical salinity units (i.e. no unit)

t

temperature in degrees centigrade

p

gauge pressure (total pressure minus atmospheric pressure) in bars

SumH2SO4

total sulfate concentration in mol/kg-solution (calculated from S if not supplied)

SumHF

total fluoride concentration in mol/kg-solution (calculated from S if not supplied)

khf

S, t relation for K\_HF needed for scale conversion: either "dickson" (default, Dickson1979a) or "perez" (Perez1987a)

khso4

S, t relation for K\_HSO4 needed for scale conversion: either "dickson" (default, Dickson1990) or "khoo" (Khoo1977)

Value

the ion product of H2O in (mol/kg-solution)2 on the free proton pH scale

Author(s)

Andreas F. Hofmann. Maintained by Karline Soetaert (Karline.Soetaert@nioz.nl).

References

Millero1995 (SWS pH version), DOE1994 (cites Millero1995), Zeebe2001

Examples

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K_W(35, 15)
K_W(35, 15, 10)
K_W(S=35, t=15, p=10, SumH2SO4=0.03)
plot(K_W(35, 1:25), xlab="temperature / degC")