Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) References See Also Examples
Various streamflow (and rainfall)based metrics to describe a hydrologic catchment.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11  runoff_coeff (rainfall, runoff)
time_of_conc (rainfall, runoff)
c_smooth (rainfall, runoff)
fdc_slope (runoff, lQ.thr=0.66, hQ.thr=0.33)
sel (rainfall, runoff, agg_dt=1)
bfi (runoff, ...)
hpc (runoff)
q10 (runoff)
rising_limb_density(runoff)
fft_fit (runoff, rainfall, doplot=FALSE)
filter_ratio (runoff, rainfall, doplot=FALSE)

rainfall 
vector of rainfall heights (equidistant temporal resolution) [L/T] 
runoff 
vector of runoff heights (equidistant temporal resolution) [L/T] 
doplot 
enable plotting 
agg_dt 
number of timesteps that will be aggregated before performing calculations 
lQ.thr, hQ.thr 
quantiles to be used for estimating the slope of the flow duration curve 
... 
further arguments (see details) 
runoff_coeff
returns the runoff coefficient, i.e. sum(runoff)/sum(rainfall) [0..1]
time_of_conc
returns the time of concentration, i.e. the average temporal lag (in timesteps) between rainfall and runoff response. This values is computed for the entire series without considering events and is only sufficiently robust for time series that are long in comparison to residence time. [(Inf sic!)..0..Inf]
c_smooth
returns a value [0..1] for the smoothing effect of the catchment, i.e. cv(runoff)/cv(rainfall), where cv is the coefficient of variation. Values close to 1 indicate a flashy, those close to 0 an inert catchment. [0..1]
fdc_slope
slope (in log(Q)quantileplot) of flow duration curve for given quantiles. "high slope value indicates a variable flow regime, while a low slope value means a more damped response" (Sawicz et al, 2011) [0..Inf]
sel
Stream flow elasticity. "A value greater or less than 1 would, respectively, define the catchment as being elastic, i.e., sensitive to change of precipitation, or inelastic, i.e., insensitive to a change of precipitation." (Sawicz et al, 2011). Here, the formulation used in Chiew (2006) or Fu et al. (2007) is used, which seem more logical as the one in Sawicz et al (2011) and Sankarasubramanian et al. (2001).
bfi
base flow index, fraction of baseflow contribution using the specified method and the same arguments as baseflow_sep
[0..1]
hpc
highpulse count. "Number of annual occurrences during which flow remains above 3 times median daily flow divided by [entire] period of flow" (Yadav et al. 2007, "FRE3" in Clausen & Biggs, 2000). Unit: Events/timestep [0..1]
q10
Flow exceeded 10 percent of the time divided by Q50 [~1.3..5.1](Clausen & Biggs, 2000)
rising_limb_density
rising limb density: "ratio of the number of rising limbs and the total amount of time the hydrograph is rising [...] A small the (sic!) signature value indicates a smooth hydrograph." (Sawicz et al, 2011)
fft_fit
returns the coefficients of a twosegment linear fit in the loglog plots of the power spectra of rainfall and runoff (as e.g. in Özger et al., 2012).
filter_ratio
returns the ratio of the frequency recession coefficients of rainfall and runoff (i.e. second row in the result of fft_fit
). Values close to 0 indicate a catchment with strong attenuating effect. [0..1]
runoff_coeff, time_of_conc, c_smooth, fft_fit, filter_ratio
trim the included time series before performing the calculations.
fft_fit 
Matrix with the first column for rainfall, the second for runoff; the first two rows containing the slope values of the fit, the third the location of the breakpoint. 
all others: 
numeric value as described in details. 
Till Francke
Chiew, F.H.S. (2006). Estimation of rainfall elasticity of streamflow in Australia. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 51:4, 613625, http://dx.doi.org/10.1623/hysj.51.4.613
Clausen, B., Biggs, B. J. . (2000). Flow variables for ecological studies in temperate streams: groupings based on covariance. Journal of Hydrology, 237(34), 184–197. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S00221694(00)003061
Fu, G., S. P. Charles, and F. H. S. Chiew (2007). A twoparameter climate elasticity of streamflow index to assess climate change effects on annual streamflow. Water Resour. Res., 43, W11419, http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2007WR005890
Özger, Mehmet, Mishra, Ashok K., Singh, Vijay P. (2012). Seasonal and spatial variations in the scaling and correlation structure of streamflow data Hydrological Processes, 10991085, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hyp.9314
Sawicz, K., Wagener, T., Sivapalan, M., Troch, P. a., Carrillo, G. (2011). Catchment classification: empirical analysis of hydrologic similarity based on catchment function in the eastern USA. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 15(9), 2895–2911. http://dx.doi.org/10.5194/hess1528952011
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14  rainfall < fuse.DATA[,"P"]
runoff < fuse.DATA[,"Q"]
runoff_coeff (rainfall, runoff)
time_of_conc (rainfall, runoff) #apparently, this series is too short in relation to its storage effects
c_smooth (rainfall, runoff)
fdc_slope (runoff)
sel (rainfall, runoff, agg_dt=1)
bfi (runoff)
hpc (runoff)
q10 (runoff)
rising_limb_density(runoff)
fft_fit (runoff, rainfall, doplot=TRUE)
filter_ratio (runoff, rainfall, doplot=TRUE)

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