COHCAP.avg.by.island: CpG Island Differential Methylation Analysis (Average by...

Description Usage Arguments Value See Also Examples

Description

Provides statistics for CpG islands as well as a list of differentially methylated sites. CpG Island statistics are calculated by averaging beta values among samples per site and comparing the average beta values across groups (considering the pairing between sites).

List of differentially methylated islands will be created in the "CpG_Island" folder. Table of statistics for all CpG islands will be created in the "Raw_Data" folder.

Usage

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COHCAP.avg.by.island(sample.file, site.table, beta.table, project.name, project.folder,
				methyl.cutoff=0.7, unmethyl.cutoff = 0.3, delta.beta.cutoff = 0.2,
				pvalue.cutoff=0.05, fdr.cutoff=0.05,
				num.groups=2, num.sites=4, plot.box=TRUE, plot.heatmap=TRUE,
				paired=FALSE, ref="none", lower.cont.quantile=0, upper.cont.quantile=1,
				max.cluster.dist = NULL, alt.pvalue="none",
				output.format = "txt", gene.centric=TRUE, heatmap.dist.fun="Euclidian")

Arguments

sample.file

Tab-delimited text file providing group attributions for all samples considered for analysis.

beta.table

Data frame with CpG sites in columns (with DNA methylation represented as beta values or percentage methylation), samples in columns, and CpG site annotations are included (in columns 2-5).

The COHCAP.annotate function automatically creates this file.

site.table

Data frame with differentially methylated CpG site statistics (one row per CpG site) and CpG site annotations (in columns 2-5).

The COHCAP.site function automatically creates this file.

project.name

Name for COHCAP project. This determines the names for output files.

project.folder

Folder for COHCAP output files

methyl.cutoff

Minimum beta or percentage methylation value to be used to define a methylated CpG island. Default is 0.7 (used for beta values), which would correspond to 70 Used for either 1-group or 2-group comparison.

unmethyl.cutoff

Minimum beta or percentage methylation value to be used to define an unmethylated CpG island. Default is 0.3 (used for beta values), which would correspond to 30 Used for either 1-group or 2-group comparison.

max.cluster.dist

Update annotations by running de-novo clustering within each set of provided annotations. This is the maximum distance (in bp) between filtered sites with a consistent delta-beta sign. This can produce more than one cluster per pre-existing annotation. Set to NULL by default, to run standard COHCAP algorithm. If you would like to test this function, I would recommend a value between 50 and 500 bp. Only valid for 2-group or continuous comparison.

delta.beta.cutoff

The minimum absolute value for delta-beta values (mean treatment beta - mean reference beta) to define a differentially methylated CpG island. Only used for 2-group comparison (and continuous comparison, where delta beta is max - min beta, with sign based upon correlation coefficient).

pvalue.cutoff

Maximum p-value allowed to define an island as differentially methylated. Used only for comparisons with at least 2 groups (with 3 replicates per group)

fdr.cutoff

Maximum False Discovery Rate (FDR) allowed to define an island as differentially methylated. Used only for comparisons with at least 2 groups (with 3 replicates per group)

num.groups

Number of groups described in sample description file. COHCAP algorithm differs when analysing 1-group, 2-group, or >2-group comparisons. COHCAP cannot currently analyze continuous phenotypes.

num.sites

Minimum number of differentially methylated sites to define a differentially methylated CpG island.

ref

Reference group used to define baseline methylation levels. Set to "continuous" for a continuous primary variable. Otherwise, only used for 2-group comparison.

plot.box

Logical value: Should box-plots be created to visualize CpG island differential methylation? If using a continuous primary variable, line plots are provided instead of box plots.

plot.heatmap

Logical value: Should heatmap be created to visualize CpG island differential methylation?

lower.cont.quantile

For continuous analysis, what beta quantile should be the lower threshold for calculating delta-beta values? Default = 0 (minimum)

upper.cont.quantile

For continuous analysis, what beta quantile should be the upper threshold for calculating delta-beta values? Default = 1 (maximum)

paired

A logical value: Is there any special pairing between samples in different groups?

If so, the pairing variable must be specified in the 3rd column of the sample description file. Used for p-value calculation, so this only applies to comparisons with at least 2 groups.

If you have a secondary continuous variable (like age), you can set paired to "continuous". COHCAP will then perform linear-regression analysis (converting primary categorical variable into continuous variable, if necessary)

alt.pvalue

Use alternative strategies for p-value calculations.

Be careful that the workflow matches the p-value calculation.

For 'rANOVA.1way', use ANOVA (R function) instead of t-test (for 1-variable, 2-group comparison). Might be helpful when SD is 0.

For 'cppANOVA.1way', use ANOVA (C++ code) instead of t-test (for 1-variable, 2-group comparison). Helps decrease run-time relative to R-code.

For 'cppANOVA.2way', use C++ code instead of R function for t-test (for 2-variable, 2-group comparison). Helps decrease run-time relative to R-code, but p-value may be different. For this implementation, I require having at replicates for each interaction term (such as having replicate treatmentswith multiple backgrounds, cell lines, etc.). If each sample has exactly one pair ( as may be the case with tumor-normal pairs), and you need to decrease the COHCAP run-time, you may consider using 'cppPairedTtest'.

For 'cppWelshTtest', use C++ code instead of R function for t-test (for 1-variable, 2-group comparison). Helps decrease run-time relative to R-code, but p-value will be different than t.test() function (C++ code assumes unequal variance between groups).

For 'cppPairedTtest', use C++ code instead of R function for t-test (for 2-variable, 2-group comparison). Helps decrease run-time relative to R-code. T-test not usually paired in COHCAP, so p-value will be different than for 1-variable test. May be useful if you need to speed up code and all measurements are paired.

For 'cppLmResidual.1var', use C++ code instead of R function for linear regression (t-test for residuals). Only valid for continuous analysis with 1 variable. WARNING: This code may less sensitive than normal lm() or ANOVA with smaller sample sizes (such as n=6).

For 'RcppArmadillo.fastLmPure', use 'fastLmPure' function within RcppArmadillo for linear regression, with R pt() t-distribution for p-value calculation. This can help decrease the run-time, relative to the lm() function that is used by default.

Can be 'none','rANOVA.1way','RcppArmadillo.fastLmPure', 'cppANOVA.1way', 'cppANOVA.2way','cppWelshTtest', or 'cppPairedTtest'.

heatmap.dist.fun

Distance metric for clustering in heatmap.

Can be 'Euclidian' or 'Pearson Dissimilarity'.

output.format

Format for output tables: 'xls' for Excel file, 'csv' for comma-separated file, or 'txt' for tab-delimited text file

gene.centric

Should CpG islands not mapped to genes be ignored? Default: TRUE (Recommended setting for integration with gene expession data)

Value

List (island.list) with 2 data frames to be used for integration analysis:

beta.table = data frame of average beta (or percentage methylation) values across differentially methylated sites within a differentially methylated CpG island filtered.island.stats = differential methylation results for CpG Islands

See Also

COHCAP Discussion Group: http://sourceforge.net/p/cohcap/discussion/general/

Examples

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library("COHCAP")

dir = system.file("extdata", package="COHCAP")
beta.file = file.path(dir,"GSE42308_truncated.txt")
sample.file = file.path(dir,"sample_GSE42308.txt")
project.folder = tempdir()#you may want to use getwd() or specify another folder
project.name = "450k_avg_by_island_test"

beta.table = COHCAP.annotate(beta.file, project.name, project.folder,
				platform="450k-UCSC")
filtered.sites = COHCAP.site(sample.file, beta.table, project.name,
				project.folder, ref="parental")
island.list = COHCAP.avg.by.island(sample.file, filtered.sites,
				beta.table, project.name, project.folder, ref="parental")

COHCAP documentation built on May 2, 2020, 2:01 a.m.