plotMST2.pathway: Plot MST2 for a pathway in two conditions

Description Usage Arguments Details Note Author(s) References See Also Examples

View source: R/plotMST2.pathway.R

Description

This is a wrapper function which uses function findMST2 to find the union of the first and second minimum spanning trees (or MST2) of the correlation network for a feature set (pathway) under two conditions. It plots the MST2 of the correlation network of the feature set under both conditions side-by-side and highlights hub nodes to facilitate a visual comparison.

Usage

1
2
3
4
5
plotMST2.pathway(object, group, name=NULL, cor.method="pearson", 
min.sd=1e-3, legend.size=1, leg.x=-0.8, leg.y=1.5, return.weights=FALSE, 
group1.name="Group 1", group2.name="Group 2", label.size=1, 
label.color="black", label.dist=0.5, vertex.size=8, vertex.label.font=1, 
edge.width=1)

Arguments

object

a numeric matrix with columns and rows respectively corresponding to samples and features. Gene names are provided to this function as the rownames of this matrix.

group

a numeric vector indicating group associations for samples. Possible values are 1 and 2.

name

an optional character string giving the name of the feature set (gene set). If given, the name will be displayed at the top of the plot.

cor.method

a character string indicating which correlation coefficient is to be computed. Possible values are “pearson” (default), “spearman” and “kendall”. Default value is “pearson”.

min.sd

a numeric value indicating the minimum allowed standard deviation for any feature. If any feature has a standard deviation smaller than min.sd then the execution stops and an error message is returned. Default value is 1e-3.

legend.size

an optional numeric value controlling the relative font size of the legend to the default font size. Default is 1.

leg.x

a numeric value indicating the amount of horizontal shift of the legend box to allow better positioning in the plot.

leg.y

a numeric value indicating the amount of vertical shift of the legend box to allow better positioning in the plot.

return.weights

logical. Default value is FALSE. If the weight factors aasigned to the genes by the GSNCA method are desired, setting this parameter to TRUE returns the weight factors in a matrix with 2 columns (for class 1 and class 2) and number of rows equal to the number of genes in the gene set. If the rownames of object are provided, then they will be used as rownames for the returned matrix. If the rownames of object are abscent, node labels will be set to as.character(c(1:nrow(object))).

group1.name

an optional character string to be presented as the given name for class 1 in the plot. Default value is “Group 1

group2.name

an optional character string to be presented as the given name for class 2 in the plot. Default value is “Group 2

label.size

a numeric value passed to argument vertex.label.cex in command plot.igraph to specify the vertex label size. Default value is 1.

label.color

a character string specifying the color of vertex labels. Default value is “black”.

label.dist

a numeric value passed to argument vertex.label.dist in command plot.igraph to specify the distance between vertex labels and the centers of vertices. Default value is 0.5.

vertex.size

a numeric value passed to argument vertex.size in command plot.igraph to specify the vertex size. Default value is 8.

vertex.label.font

a numeric value passed to argument vertex.label.font in command plot.igraph to specify the used font type. Default value is 1.

edge.width

a numeric value passed to argument edge.width in command plot.igraph to specify the edge width in the plot.

Details

This is a wrapper plotting function for the convenience of users. It uses function findMST2 to find the union of the first and second minimum spanning trees (or MST2) of the correlation network for a feature set (pathway) under two conditions and plots them side-by-side. It also lists the hub nodes and their weight factors (w) under each condition (see Rahmatallah et. al. 2014 for details). The range in which weight factors fall is indicated by the node colors defined in the legend. Weight factor have values mostly ranging between 0.5 (low coexpression) and 1.5 (high coexpression). To allow the users more control over plotting parameters and to present different feature sets appropriately, two optional arguments were introduced: legend.size and label.size. Node lables will be the names of the features in the set, i.e. rownames(object). If the rownames attribute is not set for object, node labels will be set to as.character(c(1:nrow(object))).

The weight factors, inferred from the Gene Sets Net Correlations Analysis (GSNCA) method (see GSNCAtest), correlate to some extent with genes centralities in the MST2: genes with large weights are placed near the center of the MST2, and genes with small weights are placed on the periphery (Rahmatallah et. al. 2014). Adopting network terminology, a gene with the largest weight is a hub gene, coexpressed with most of the other genes in a pathway (see findMST2). Therefore, MST2 is a convenient graphical visualization tool to examine the pathways tested by the GSNCA method (see GSNCAtest).

The correlation (coexpression) network is obtained using the weight matrix W with elements w_{ij} = 1 - |r_{ij}| where r_{ij} is the correlation between features i and j and w_{ij} is the weight of the link between vertices (nodes) i and j in the network. The correlation coefficient used is indicated by the argument cor.method with three possible values: “pearson” (default), “spearman” and “kendall”.

In some cases (especially for RNA-Seq count data), a feature (or more) may have a constant or nearly constant level across the samples in one or both conditions. This results in a zero or a tiny standard deviation. Such case produces an error in command cor used to compute the correlation coefficients between features. To avoid this situation, standard deviations are checked in advance and if any is found below the minimum limit min.sd (default is 1e-3), the execution stops and an error message is returned indicating the number of feature causing the problem (if only one the index of that feature is given too).

Note

This function is suitable for a feature set of roughly 80 features or less. It works for feature sets with larger number of features but the placements of nodes and their labels in the plot will be too crowded for a useful visual presentation.

Author(s)

Yasir Rahmatallah and Galina Glazko

References

Rahmatallah Y., Emmert-Streib F. and Glazko G. (2014) Gene sets net correlations analysis (GSNCA): a multivariate differential coexpression test for gene sets. Bioinformatics 30, 360–368.

See Also

findMST2, GSNCAtest.

Examples

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
## generate a feature set of length 20 in two conditions
## each condition has 20 samples
## use multivariate normal distribution with different covariance matrices
library(MASS)
ngenes <- 20
nsamples <- 40
zero_vector <- array(0,c(1,ngenes))
## create a covariance matrix with low off-diagonal elements
cov_mtrx1 <- diag(ngenes)
cov_mtrx1[!diag(ngenes)] <- 0.1
## create a covariance matrix with high off-diagonal elements
## for the first 5 features and low for the rest 15 features
cov_mtrx2 <- diag(ngenes)
cov_mtrx2[!diag(ngenes)] <- 0.1
mask <- diag(ngenes/4)
mask[!diag(ngenes/4)] <- 0.6
cov_mtrx2[1:(ngenes/4),1:(ngenes/4)] <- mask
gp1 <- mvrnorm((nsamples/2), zero_vector, cov_mtrx1)
gp2 <- mvrnorm((nsamples/2), zero_vector, cov_mtrx2)
gp <- rbind(gp1,gp2)
dataset <- aperm(gp, c(2,1))
## first 20 samples belong to group 1
## second 20 samples belong to group 2
## since rowname(object)=NULL, node labels will be automatically 
## set to as.character(c(1:nrow(object))) 
plotMST2.pathway(object=dataset, group=c(rep(1,20),rep(2,20)), 
name="Example Pathway") 

GSAR documentation built on May 2, 2018, 2:35 a.m.