Description Usage Arguments Accessors Coercion Subsetting Concatenation Other transformations SelfHits Author(s) See Also Examples
The Hits class is a container for representing a set of hits between a set of left nodes and a set of right nodes. Note that only the hits are stored in the object. No information about the left or right nodes is stored, except their number.
For example, the findOverlaps
function, defined
and documented in the IRanges package, returns the hits between
the query
and subject
arguments in a Hits
object.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 
from, to 
2 integer vectors of the same length.
The values in 
nLnode, nRnode 
Number of left and right nodes. 
... 
Metadata columns to set on the Hits object. All the metadata columns must
be vectorlike objects of the same length as 
sort.by.query 
Should the hits in the returned object be sorted by query? If yes, then a SortedByQueryHits object is returned (SortedByQueryHits is a subclass of Hits). 
nnode 
Number of nodes. 
In the code snippets below, x
is a Hits object.
length(x)
: get the number of hits
from(x)
: Equivalent to as.data.frame(x)[[1]]
.
to(x)
: Equivalent to as.data.frame(x)[[2]]
.
nLnode(x)
, nrow(x)
: get the number of left nodes
nRnode(x)
, ncol(x)
: get the number of right nodes
countLnodeHits(x)
: Counts the number of hits for
each left node, returning an integer vector.
countRnodeHits(x)
: Counts the number of hits for
each right node, returning an integer vector.
The following accessors are just aliases for the above accessors:
queryHits(x)
: alias for from(x)
.
subjectHits(x)
: alias for to(x)
.
queryLength(x)
: alias for nLnode(x)
.
subjectLength(x)
: alias for nRnode(x)
.
countQueryHits(x)
: alias for countLnodeHits(x)
.
countSubjectHits(x)
: alias for countRnodeHits(x)
.
In the code snippets below, x
is a Hits object.
as.matrix(x)
: Coerces x
to a two
column integer matrix, with each row representing a hit
between a left node (first column) and a right node (second
column).
as.table(x)
: Counts the number of hits for
each left node in x
and outputs the counts as a table
.
as(x, "DataFrame")
: Creates a DataFrame by
combining the result of as.matrix(x)
with mcols(x)
.
as.data.frame(x)
: Attempts to coerce the result of
as(x, "DataFrame")
to a data.frame
.
In the code snippets below, x
is a Hits object.
x[i]
:
Return a new Hits object made of the elements selected by i
.
x[i, j]
:
Like the above, but allow the user to conveniently subset the metadata
columns thru j
.
x[i] < value
:
Replacement version of x[i]
.
See ?`[`
in this package (the S4Vectors
package) for more information about subsetting Vector derivatives and
for an important note about the x[i, j]
form.
c(x, ..., ignore.mcols=FALSE)
:
Concatenate Hits object x
and the Hits objects in
...
together.
See ?c
in this package (the S4Vectors
package) for more information about concatenating Vector derivatives.
In the code snippets below, x
is a Hits object.
t(x)
:
Transpose x
by interchanging the left and right nodes. This
allows, for example, counting the number of hits for each right node
using as.table
.
remapHits(x, Lnodes.remapping=NULL, new.nLnode=NA,
Rnodes.remapping=NULL, new.nRnode=NA)
:
Only supports SortedByQueryHits objects at the moment.
Remaps the left and/or right nodes in x
. The left nodes are
remapped thru the map specified via the Lnodes.remapping
and
new.nLnode
arguments. The right nodes are remapped thru the
map specified via the Rnodes.remapping
and new.nRnode
arguments.
Lnodes.remapping
must represent a function defined on the
1..M interval that takes values in the 1..N interval, where N is
nLnode(x)
and M is the value specified by the user via the
new.nLnode
argument. Note that this mapping function doesn't
need to be injective or surjective. Also it is not represented by an R
function but by an integer vector of length M with no NAs. More precisely
Lnodes.remapping
can be NULL (identity map), or a vector of
nLnode(x)
nonNA integers that are >= 1 and
<= new.nLnode
, or a factor of length nLnode(x)
with no NAs (a factor is treated as an integer vector, and, if missing,
new.nLnode
is taken to be its number of levels). Note that
a factor will typically be used to represent a mapping function that is
not injective.
The same applies to the Rnodes.remapping
.
remapHits
returns a Hits object where from(x)
and
to(x)
have been remapped thru the 2 specified maps. This
remapping is actually only the 1st step of the transformation, and is
followed by 2 additional steps: (2) the removal of duplicated hits,
and (3) the reordering of the hits (first by query hits, then by subject
hits). Note that if the 2 maps are injective then the remapping won't
introduce duplicated hits, so, in that case, step (2) is a noop (but
is still performed). Also if the "query map" is strictly ascending and
the "subject map" ascending then the remapping will preserve the order
of the hits, so, in that case, step (3) is also a noop (but is still
performed).
breakTies(x, method=c("first", "last"), rank)
: Restrict the
hits so that every left node maps to at most one right node. If
method
is “first”, for each left node, select the
edge with the first (lowest rank) right node, if any. If
method
is “last”, select the edge with the last
(highest rank) right node. If rank
is not missing, it
should be a formula specifying an alternative ranking according to
its terms (see rank
).
A SelfHits object is a Hits object where the left and right nodes are
identical. For a SelfHits object x
, nLnode(x)
is equal to
nRnode(x)
. The object can be seen as an oriented graph where
nLnode
is the nb of nodes and the hits are the (oriented) edges.
SelfHits objects support the same set of accessors as Hits objects
plus the nnode()
accessor that is equivalent to nLnode()
and nRnode()
.
We also provide two little utilities to operate on a SelfHits object
x
:
isSelfHit(x)
: A self hit is an edge from a node to
itself. isSelfHit(x)
returns a logical vector parallel
to x
indicating which elements in x
are self hits.
isRedundantHit(x)
: When there is more than 1 edge between
2 given nodes (regardless of orientation), the extra edges are considered
to be redundant hits. isRedundantHit(x)
returns a logical
vector parallel to x
indicating which elements in x
are redundant hits.
Michael Lawrence and Hervé Pagès
Hitscomparison for comparing and ordering hits.
The findOverlaps
function in the
IRanges package which returns SortedByQueryHits object.
Hitsexamples in the IRanges package, for some examples of Hits object basic manipulation.
setopsmethods in the IRanges package, for set operations on Hits objects.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51  from < c(5, 2, 3, 3, 3, 2)
to < c(11, 15, 5, 4, 5, 11)
id < letters[1:6]
Hits(from, to, 7, 15, id)
Hits(from, to, 7, 15, id, sort.by.query=TRUE)
## 
## selectHits()
## 
x < c("a", "b", "a", "c", "d")
table < c("a", "e", "d", "a", "a", "d")
hits < findMatches(x, table) # sorts the hits by query
hits
selectHits(hits, select="all") # noop
selectHits(hits, select="first")
selectHits(hits, select="first", nodup=TRUE)
selectHits(hits, select="last")
selectHits(hits, select="last", nodup=TRUE)
selectHits(hits, select="arbitrary")
selectHits(hits, select="count")
## 
## remapHits()
## 
Lnodes.remapping < factor(c(a="A", b="B", c="C", d="D")[x],
levels=LETTERS[1:4])
remapHits(hits, Lnodes.remapping=Lnodes.remapping)
## See ?`Hitsexamples` in the IRanges package for more examples of basic
## manipulation of Hits objects.
## 
## SelfHits objects
## 
hits2 < SelfHits(c(2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 4, 4, 4), c(4, 3, 2:4, 2, 2:3, 2), 4)
## Hits 2 and 4 are self hits (from 3rd node to itself):
which(isSelfHit(hits2))
## Hits 4, 6, 7, 8, and 9, are redundant hits:
which(isRedundantHit(hits2))
hits3 < findMatches(x)
hits3[!isSelfHit(hits3)]
hits3[!(isSelfHit(hits3)  isRedundantHit(hits3))]

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