pre: Proportional and Expected Proportional Reductions in Error

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) References Examples

View source: R/DAMisc_functions.R

Description

Calculates proportional reduction in error (PRE) and expected proportional reduction in error (epre) from Herron (1999).

Usage

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pre(mod1, mod2=NULL, sim=FALSE, R=2500)

Arguments

mod1

A model of class glm (with family binomial), polr or multinom for which (e)PRE will be calculated.

mod2

A model of the same class as mod1 against which proportional reduction in error will be measured. If NULL, the null model will be used.

sim

A logical argument indicating whether a parametric bootstrap should be used to calculate confidence bounds for (e)PRE. See Details for more information.

R

Number of bootstrap samples to be drawn if sim=TRUE.

Details

Proportional reduction in error is calculated as a function of correct and incorrect predictions (and the probabilities of correct and incorrect predictions for ePRE). When sim=TRUE, a parametric bootstrap will be used that draws from the multivariate normal distribution centered at the coefficient estimates from the model and using the estimated variance-covariance matrix of the estimators as Sigma. This matrix is used to form R versions of XB and predictions are made for each of the R different versions of XB. Confidence intervals can then be created from the bootstrap sampled (e)PRE values.

Value

An object of class pre, which is a list with the following elements:

pre

The proportional reduction in error

epre

The expected proportional reduction in error

m1form

The formula for model 1

m2form

The formula for model 2

pcp

The percent correctly predicted by model 1

pmc

The percent correctly predicted by model 2

epcp

The expected percent correctly predicted by model 1

epmc

The expected percent correctly predicted by model 2

pre.sim

A vector of bootstrapped PRE values if sim=TRUE

epre.sim

A vector of bootstrapped ePRE values if sim=TRUE

Author(s)

Dave Armstrong (UW-Milwaukee, Department of Political Science)

References

Herron, M. 1999. Postestimation Uncertainty in Limited Dependent Variable Models. Political Analysis 8(1): 83–98.

Examples

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data(france)
left.mod <- glm(voteleft ~ male + age + retnat + 
	poly(lrself, 2), data=france, family=binomial)
pre(left.mod)

DAMisc documentation built on May 30, 2017, 8:12 a.m.