R/ATR.R

#
#   TTR: Technical Trading Rules
#
#   Copyright (C) 2007-2013  Joshua M. Ulrich
#
#   This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
#   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
#   the Free Software Foundation, either version 2 of the License, or
#   (at your option) any later version.
#
#   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
#   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
#   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
#   GNU General Public License for more details.
#
#   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
#   along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
#

#'True Range / Average True Range
#'
#'True range (TR) is a measure of volatility of a High-Low-Close series;
#'average true range (ATR) is a Welles Wilder's style moving average of the TR.
#'Developed by J. Welles Wilder in 1978.
#'
#'TR incorporates yesterday's close in the calculation (high minus low).  E.g.
#'if yesterday's close was higher than today's high, then the TR would equal
#'yesterday's close minus today's low.
#'
#'The ATR is a component of the Welles Wilder Directional Movement Index
#'(\code{DX}, \code{ADX}).
#'
#'@aliases ATR TR
#'@param HLC Object that is coercible to xts or matrix and contains
#'High-Low-Close prices.
#'@param n Number of periods for moving average.
#'@param maType A function or a string naming the function to be called.
#'@param \dots Other arguments to be passed to the \code{maType} function.
#'@return A object of the same class as \code{HLC} or a matrix (if
#'\code{try.xts} fails) containing the columns:
#' \describe{
#'  \item{ tr }{ The true range of the series. }
#'  \item{ atr }{ The average (as specified by \code{ma}) true range of the series. }
#'  \item{ trueHigh }{ The true high of the series. }
#'  \item{ trueLow }{ The true low of the series. }
#' }
#'@author Joshua Ulrich
#'@seealso See \code{\link{EMA}}, \code{\link{SMA}}, etc. for moving average
#'options; and note Warning section.  See \code{\link{DX}}, which uses true
#'range.  See \code{\link{chaikinVolatility}} for another volatility measure.
#'@references The following site(s) were used to code/document this
#'indicator:\cr \url{https://www.fmlabs.com/reference/TR.htm}\cr
#'\url{https://www.fmlabs.com/reference/ATR.htm}\cr
#'\url{https://www.metastock.com/Customer/Resources/TAAZ/?p=35}\cr
#'\url{https://www.linnsoft.com/techind/true-range-tr}\cr
#'\url{https://school.stockcharts.com/doku.php?id=technical_indicators:average_true_range_atr}\cr
#'@keywords ts
#'@examples
#'
#' data(ttrc)
#' atr <- ATR(ttrc[,c("High","Low","Close")], n=14)
#'
"ATR" <-
function(HLC, n=14, maType, ...) {

  # Average True Range / True Range

  HLC <- try.xts(HLC, error=as.matrix)
  
  if(is.xts(HLC)) {
    closeLag <- lag.xts(HLC[,3])
  } else {
    closeLag <- c( NA, HLC[-NROW(HLC),3] )
  }

  trueHigh <- pmax( HLC[,1], closeLag, na.rm=FALSE )
  trueLow  <- pmin( HLC[,2], closeLag, na.rm=FALSE )
  tr       <- trueHigh - trueLow

  maArgs <- list(n=n, ...)
  
  # Default Welles Wilder EMA
  if(missing(maType)) {
    maType <- 'EMA'
    if(is.null(maArgs$wilder)) {
      # do not overwrite user-provided value
      maArgs$wilder <- TRUE
    }
  }

  atr <- do.call( maType, c( list(tr), maArgs ) )

  result <- cbind( tr, atr, trueHigh, trueLow )
  colnames(result) <- c('tr','atr','trueHigh','trueLow')
  
  reclass( result, HLC )
}

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TTR documentation built on Sept. 1, 2020, 5:08 p.m.