R/EMV.R

#
#   TTR: Technical Trading Rules
#
#   Copyright (C) 2007-2013  Joshua M. Ulrich
#
#   This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
#   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
#   the Free Software Foundation, either version 2 of the License, or
#   (at your option) any later version.
#
#   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
#   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
#   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
#   GNU General Public License for more details.
#
#   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
#   along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
#

#'Arms' Ease of Movement Value
#'
#'Arms' Ease of Movement Value (EMV) emphasizes days where the security moves
#'easily and minimizes days where the security does not move easily.  Developed
#'by Richard W. Arms, Jr.
#'
#'The EMV is calculated by dividing the midpoint ([high + low]/2) move by the
#''Box Ratio' (volume divided by the high minus low).
#'
#'@param HL Object that is coercible to xts or matrix and contains High-Low
#'prices.
#'@param volume Vector or matrix of volume observations corresponding to the
#'\code{HL} object.
#'@param n Number of periods for moving average.
#'@param maType A function or a string naming the function to be called.
#'@param vol.divisor An increment to make the results larger and easier to work
#'with.
#'@param \dots Other arguments to be passed to the \code{maType} function.
#'@return A object of the same class as \code{HL} and \code{volume} or a matrix
#'(if \code{try.xts} fails) containing the columns:
#' \describe{
#'  \item{ emv }{ The ease of movement values. }
#'  \item{ maEMV }{ The smoothed (as specified by \code{ma}) ease of movement values. }
#' }
#'@note A buy/sell signal is generated when the EMV crosses above/below zero.
#'When the EMV hovers around zero, there are small price movements and/or high
#'volume, and the price is not moving easily.
#'@author Joshua Ulrich
#'@seealso See \code{\link{EMA}}, \code{\link{SMA}}, etc. for moving average
#'options; and note Warning section.
#'@references The following site(s) were used to code/document this
#'indicator:\cr \url{https://www.fmlabs.com/reference/ArmsEMV.htm}\cr
#'\url{https://www.metastock.com/Customer/Resources/TAAZ/?p=51}\cr
#'\url{https://www.linnsoft.com/techind/arms-ease-movement}\cr
#'@keywords ts
#'@examples
#'
#' data(ttrc)
#' emv <- EMV(ttrc[,c("High","Low")], ttrc[,"Volume"])
#'
"EMV" <-
function(HL, volume, n=9, maType, vol.divisor=10000, ...) {

  # Arms' Ease of Movement Value

  if( missing(HL) | missing(volume) )
    stop("High-Low matrix (HL) and volume vector must be specified.")

  HL <- try.xts(HL, error=as.matrix)
  volume <- try.xts(volume, error=as.matrix)

  if(!(is.xts(HL) && is.xts(volume))) {
    HL <- as.matrix(HL)
    volume <- as.matrix(volume)
  }

  mid     <- ( HL[,1] + HL[,2] ) / 2
  volume  <- volume / vol.divisor

  emv    <- momentum(mid, n=1, na.pad=TRUE) / ( volume / ( HL[,1] - HL[,2] ) )

  maArgs <- list(n=n, ...)
  # Default MA
  if(missing(maType)) {
    maType <- 'SMA'
  }

  maEMV <- do.call( maType, c( list(emv), maArgs ) )

  result <- cbind(emv,maEMV)
  colnames(result) <- c('emv','maEMV')
  
  reclass( result, HL )
}

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TTR documentation built on Sept. 1, 2020, 5:08 p.m.