Specifies the restrictions on the associations mined by
apriori. These restrictions can implement certain aspects
of rule templates described by Klemettinen (1994).
Note that appearance is only supported by the
If appearance restrictions are used, an appearance object will be
created automatically within the
apriori function using
the information in the named list of the function's
argument. In this case, the item labels used in the list will be
automatically matched against the items in the used transaction database.
The list can contain the following elements:
character vectors giving the labels of the items which can appear in the specified place (rhs, lhs or both for rules and items for itemsets). none specifies, that the items mentioned there cannot appear anywhere in the rule/itemset. Note that items cannot be specified in more than one place (i.e., you cannot specify an item in lhs and rhs, but have to specify it as both).
Specified the default appearance for all items not
explicitly mentioned in the other elements of the list.
Leave unspecified and the code will guess the correct setting.
Objects can also be created by calls of the form
new("APappearance", ...). In this case, item IDs (column
numbers of the transactions incidence matrix) have to be used instead
an integer scalar indicating how many items are specified for each of lhs, rhs, items, both and none
an integer vector of item IDs (column numbers)
a character vector of item labels
a character scalar indicating the value for default appearance
Michael Hahsler and Bettina Gruen
Christian Borgelt (2004) Apriori — Finding Association Rules/Hyperedges with the Apriori Algorithm. www.borgelt.net/apriori.html
M. Klemettinen, H. Mannila, P. Ronkainen, H. Toivonen and A. I. Verkamo (1994). Finding Interesting Rules from Large Sets of Discovered Association Rules. In Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management, 401–407.
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data("Adult") ## find only frequent itemsets which do not contain small or large income is <- apriori(Adult, parameter = list(support= 0.1, target="frequent"), appearance = list(none = c("income=small", "income=large"))) itemFrequency(items(is))["income=small"] itemFrequency(items(is))["income=large"] ## find itemsets that only contain small or large income, or young age is <- apriori(Adult, parameter = list(support= 0.1, target="frequent"), appearance = list(items = c("income=small", "income=large", "age=Young"))) inspect(head(is)) ## find only rules with income-related variables in the right-hand-side. incomeItems <- grep("^income=", itemLabels(Adult), value = TRUE) incomeItems rules <- apriori(Adult, parameter = list(support=0.2, confidence = 0.5), appearance = list(rhs = incomeItems)) inspect(head(rules)) ## Note: For more complicated restrictions you have to mine all rules/itemsets and ## then filter the results afterwards.
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