nestedness: Calculates nestedness temperature of presence/absence...

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Note Author(s) References Examples

View source: R/nestedness.r

Description

Calculates matrix temperature using the binmatnest programm of Miguel Rodríguez-Gironés

Usage

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nestedness(m, null.models = TRUE, n.nulls = 100, popsize = 30, 
n.ind = 7, n.gen = 2000, binmatnestout=FALSE)

Arguments

m

m is the matrix object for which the temperature is calculated. m will be converted to a binary matrix as temperature is only based on binary data

null.models

Logical; shall the three different null models to check for significance of the matrix temperature be calculated? The null models procedure is quite time consuming and therefore we added this switch. Defaults to null.models=TRUE.

n.nulls

How many null models should be calculated. Defaults to n.nulls=100.

popsize

For the genetic algorithm some parameters have to be initialised. First is popsize, default is 30

n.ind

Second is number of individuals picked for the next generation. Default of n.ind is 7.

n.gen

Third is the number of generations until the genetic algorithm stops. Default of n.gen is 2000.

binmatnestout

if set to TRUE a file "binmat.out" is saved in the current working directory , which stores the original binmatnest output

Details

There are several implementations of nestedness-calculators, most noticeably NTC (nestedness temperature calculator), BINMATNEST and aninhado (check Wikipedia's entry on the subject: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nestedness). While we here use BINMATNEST, this does not disqualify any of the others. Miguel was simply the first we contacted and he was readily willing to share his code.

Here we use BINMATNEST by calling a tweaked version of the C++ program binmatnest. In principle nestedness temperature is calculated by using a line of perfect order (using a genetic algorithm) to determine the reordering of rows and columns that leads to minimum matrix temperature of given size and fills. The deviation from this minimun temperature is the matrix temperature. In addition nestedness uses different null models to check for statistical significance of the matrix temperature. For details on what BINMATNEST does different, and better, than the original NTC see reference below.

Notice also that the original software BINMATNEST is available as a stand-alone application, too. Check out Miguel's homepage: http://www.eeza.csic.es/eeza/personales/rgirones.aspx

Value

returns a list of matrix descriptors, such as

temperature

the matrix temperature

parameters of genetic algorithms

Parameters used for the genetic algorithm

nullmodels

switch if null models have been calculated, 1 for yes, 0 for no

p, mean, var

probability, mean temperature and variance of temperature for the three different null models

packing order

the packing order of the most packed matrix (minimum temperature of a perfectly nested matrix using given size and fills.

Note

Make sure matrix m is valid, as error proofing in the C++ function does not fully work, and therefore it is possible that R may crash when using strange types of matrices, such as matrices with only one entry.

Also, while this function returns exactly the same values as binmatnest, there seems to be the occasional glitch in the software, in that in inexplicable circumstances the matrix is inverted before calculating nestedness. We are currently trying to find the cause of this problem. Sorry!

In the meantime, use nestedtemp in vegan (as we do in networklevel)!

Author(s)

Bernd Gruber, based on C++-code by Miguel Rodriguez-Girones.

References

Rodríguez-Gironés M.A., and Santamaría L. 2006. A new algorithm to calculate the nestedness temperature of presence-absence matrices. Journal of Biogeography 33, 924–935

Examples

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8
	## Not run: 
	data(vazarr)
	nestedness(vazarr) # null models are calculated
	# no null models, much faster for bigger matrices:
	nestedness(vazarr, null.models=FALSE) 
	nestedness(vazarr, n.nulls=300, n.gen=300)
	
## End(Not run)

Example output

Loading required package: vegan
Loading required package: permute
Loading required package: lattice
This is vegan 2.5-3
Loading required package: sna
Loading required package: statnet.common

Attaching package: 'statnet.common'

The following object is masked from 'package:base':

    order

Loading required package: network
network: Classes for Relational Data
Version 1.13.0.1 created on 2015-08-31.
copyright (c) 2005, Carter T. Butts, University of California-Irvine
                    Mark S. Handcock, University of California -- Los Angeles
                    David R. Hunter, Penn State University
                    Martina Morris, University of Washington
                    Skye Bender-deMoll, University of Washington
 For citation information, type citation("network").
 Type help("network-package") to get started.

sna: Tools for Social Network Analysis
Version 2.4 created on 2016-07-23.
copyright (c) 2005, Carter T. Butts, University of California-Irvine
 For citation information, type citation("sna").
 Type help(package="sna") to get started.

 This is bipartite 2.11
 For latest changes see versionlog in  ?"bipartite-package".
 For citation see: citation("bipartite").
 Have a nice time plotting and analysing two-mode networks.


Attaching package: 'bipartite'

The following object is masked from 'package:vegan':

    nullmodel

$mat
  [1] 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
 [38] 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
 [75] 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
[112] 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
[149] 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
[186] 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
[223] 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
[260] 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

$n.rows
[1] 10

$n.cols
[1] 29

$temperature
[1] 3.75993

$n.nullmodels
[1] 100

$population.size
[1] 30

$n.individuals
[1] 7

$binmatnestout
[1] 0

$n.generations
[1] 2000

$nullmodels
[1] 1

$p.null1
[1] 0

$mean.temp.null1
[1] 26.19988

$var.temp.null1
[1] 26.59107

$p.null2
[1] 0

$mean.temp.null2
[1] 26.664

$var.temp.null2
[1] 21.43945

$p.null3
[1] 0

$mean.temp.null3
[1] 16.89143

$var.temp.null3
[1] 22.65171

$pack.order.col
 [1]  5  2 16  9 18  4  3 11  6  1 10 13 24  7 14 25 29 26 12 17 23  8 28 22 21
[26] 19 20 15 27

$pack.order.row
 [1]  2  3  6  1  5  7  9 10  4  8

$packed.matrix
                         Colletes seminitidus Bombus dahlbomii
Alstroemeria aurea                          0                1
Schinus patagonicus                         0                0
Rosa eglanteria                             0                1
Aristotelia chilensis                       0                0
Vicia nigricans                             0                1
Cynanchum diemii                            0                0
Mutisia decurrens                           0                0
Calceolaria crenatiflora                    0                0
Berberis darwinii                           1                1
Ribes magellanicum                          1                0
                         Chalepogenus caeruleus Anthaxia Torymidae2
Alstroemeria aurea                            0        1          0
Schinus patagonicus                           0        0          0
Rosa eglanteria                               0        0          0
Aristotelia chilensis                         0        0          0
Vicia nigricans                               0        0          0
Cynanchum diemii                              0        0          1
Mutisia decurrens                             0        1          0
Calceolaria crenatiflora                      1        0          0
Berberis darwinii                             0        0          0
Ribes magellanicum                            0        0          0
                         Bombus ruderatus Ruizantheda mutabilis Platycheirus1
Alstroemeria aurea                      1                     1             1
Schinus patagonicus                     0                     1             1
Rosa eglanteria                         0                     0             1
Aristotelia chilensis                   0                     1             0
Vicia nigricans                         1                     0             0
Cynanchum diemii                        0                     0             0
Mutisia decurrens                       0                     0             0
Calceolaria crenatiflora                0                     0             0
Berberis darwinii                       0                     0             0
Ribes magellanicum                      0                     0             0
                         Syrphus octomaculatus Policana albopilosa Phthiria
Alstroemeria aurea                           1                   0        1
Schinus patagonicus                          0                   1        0
Rosa eglanteria                              1                   0        1
Aristotelia chilensis                        0                   1        0
Vicia nigricans                              0                   0        0
Cynanchum diemii                             0                   0        0
Mutisia decurrens                            0                   0        0
Calceolaria crenatiflora                     0                   0        0
Berberis darwinii                            0                   0        0
Ribes magellanicum                           0                   0        0
                         Sapromyza.Minettia Platycherius fenestratus
Alstroemeria aurea                        0                        0
Schinus patagonicus                       0                        0
Rosa eglanteria                           1                        1
Aristotelia chilensis                     0                        0
Vicia nigricans                           0                        0
Cynanchum diemii                          0                        0
Mutisia decurrens                         0                        0
Calceolaria crenatiflora                  0                        0
Berberis darwinii                         0                        0
Ribes magellanicum                        0                        0
                         Allograpta.Toxomerus Camponotus Scaeva melanostoma
Alstroemeria aurea                          1          0                  0
Schinus patagonicus                         1          1                  1
Rosa eglanteria                             0          0                  0
Aristotelia chilensis                       0          0                  0
Vicia nigricans                             0          0                  0
Cynanchum diemii                            0          0                  0
Mutisia decurrens                           0          0                  0
Calceolaria crenatiflora                    0          0                  0
Berberis darwinii                           0          0                  0
Ribes magellanicum                          0          0                  0
                         Vespidae Diptera10 Heterosarus Vespula germanica
Alstroemeria aurea              0         0           1                 1
Schinus patagonicus             1         1           0                 0
Rosa eglanteria                 0         0           0                 0
Aristotelia chilensis           0         0           0                 0
Vicia nigricans                 0         0           0                 0
Cynanchum diemii                0         0           0                 0
Mutisia decurrens               0         0           0                 0
Calceolaria crenatiflora        0         0           0                 0
Berberis darwinii               0         0           0                 0
Ribes magellanicum              0         0           0                 0
                         Thomisidae Trichophthalma jaffueli Chilicola1
Alstroemeria aurea                1                       1          1
Schinus patagonicus               0                       0          0
Rosa eglanteria                   0                       0          0
Aristotelia chilensis             0                       0          0
Vicia nigricans                   0                       0          0
Cynanchum diemii                  0                       0          0
Mutisia decurrens                 0                       0          0
Calceolaria crenatiflora          0                       0          0
Berberis darwinii                 0                       0          0
Ribes magellanicum                0                       0          0
                         Sphecidae Chilicola2 Phthiria1
Alstroemeria aurea               1          1         1
Schinus patagonicus              0          0         0
Rosa eglanteria                  0          0         0
Aristotelia chilensis            0          0         0
Vicia nigricans                  0          0         0
Cynanchum diemii                 0          0         0
Mutisia decurrens                0          0         0
Calceolaria crenatiflora         0          0         0
Berberis darwinii                0          0         0
Ribes magellanicum               0          0         0
                         Ruizantheda nigrocaerulea Megachile2 Acroceridae
Alstroemeria aurea                               1          1           1
Schinus patagonicus                              0          0           0
Rosa eglanteria                                  0          0           0
Aristotelia chilensis                            0          0           0
Vicia nigricans                                  0          0           0
Cynanchum diemii                                 0          0           0
Mutisia decurrens                                0          0           0
Calceolaria crenatiflora                         0          0           0
Berberis darwinii                                0          0           0
Ribes magellanicum                               0          0           0

$mat
  [1] 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
 [38] 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
 [75] 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
[112] 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
[149] 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
[186] 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
[223] 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
[260] 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

$n.rows
[1] 10

$n.cols
[1] 29

$temperature
[1] 3.75993

$n.nullmodels
[1] 100

$population.size
[1] 30

$n.individuals
[1] 7

$binmatnestout
[1] 0

$n.generations
[1] 2000

$nullmodels
[1] 0

$p.null1
[1] -1

$mean.temp.null1
[1] -1

$var.temp.null1
[1] -1

$p.null2
[1] -1

$mean.temp.null2
[1] -1

$var.temp.null2
[1] -1

$p.null3
[1] -1

$mean.temp.null3
[1] -1

$var.temp.null3
[1] -1

$pack.order.col
 [1]  5  2 16  9 18  4  3 11  6  1 10 13 24  7 14 25 29 26 12 17 23  8 28 22 21
[26] 19 20 15 27

$pack.order.row
 [1]  2  3  6  1  5  7  9 10  4  8

$packed.matrix
                         Colletes seminitidus Bombus dahlbomii
Alstroemeria aurea                          0                1
Schinus patagonicus                         0                0
Rosa eglanteria                             0                1
Aristotelia chilensis                       0                0
Vicia nigricans                             0                1
Cynanchum diemii                            0                0
Mutisia decurrens                           0                0
Calceolaria crenatiflora                    0                0
Berberis darwinii                           1                1
Ribes magellanicum                          1                0
                         Chalepogenus caeruleus Anthaxia Torymidae2
Alstroemeria aurea                            0        1          0
Schinus patagonicus                           0        0          0
Rosa eglanteria                               0        0          0
Aristotelia chilensis                         0        0          0
Vicia nigricans                               0        0          0
Cynanchum diemii                              0        0          1
Mutisia decurrens                             0        1          0
Calceolaria crenatiflora                      1        0          0
Berberis darwinii                             0        0          0
Ribes magellanicum                            0        0          0
                         Bombus ruderatus Ruizantheda mutabilis Platycheirus1
Alstroemeria aurea                      1                     1             1
Schinus patagonicus                     0                     1             1
Rosa eglanteria                         0                     0             1
Aristotelia chilensis                   0                     1             0
Vicia nigricans                         1                     0             0
Cynanchum diemii                        0                     0             0
Mutisia decurrens                       0                     0             0
Calceolaria crenatiflora                0                     0             0
Berberis darwinii                       0                     0             0
Ribes magellanicum                      0                     0             0
                         Syrphus octomaculatus Policana albopilosa Phthiria
Alstroemeria aurea                           1                   0        1
Schinus patagonicus                          0                   1        0
Rosa eglanteria                              1                   0        1
Aristotelia chilensis                        0                   1        0
Vicia nigricans                              0                   0        0
Cynanchum diemii                             0                   0        0
Mutisia decurrens                            0                   0        0
Calceolaria crenatiflora                     0                   0        0
Berberis darwinii                            0                   0        0
Ribes magellanicum                           0                   0        0
                         Sapromyza.Minettia Platycherius fenestratus
Alstroemeria aurea                        0                        0
Schinus patagonicus                       0                        0
Rosa eglanteria                           1                        1
Aristotelia chilensis                     0                        0
Vicia nigricans                           0                        0
Cynanchum diemii                          0                        0
Mutisia decurrens                         0                        0
Calceolaria crenatiflora                  0                        0
Berberis darwinii                         0                        0
Ribes magellanicum                        0                        0
                         Allograpta.Toxomerus Camponotus Scaeva melanostoma
Alstroemeria aurea                          1          0                  0
Schinus patagonicus                         1          1                  1
Rosa eglanteria                             0          0                  0
Aristotelia chilensis                       0          0                  0
Vicia nigricans                             0          0                  0
Cynanchum diemii                            0          0                  0
Mutisia decurrens                           0          0                  0
Calceolaria crenatiflora                    0          0                  0
Berberis darwinii                           0          0                  0
Ribes magellanicum                          0          0                  0
                         Vespidae Diptera10 Heterosarus Vespula germanica
Alstroemeria aurea              0         0           1                 1
Schinus patagonicus             1         1           0                 0
Rosa eglanteria                 0         0           0                 0
Aristotelia chilensis           0         0           0                 0
Vicia nigricans                 0         0           0                 0
Cynanchum diemii                0         0           0                 0
Mutisia decurrens               0         0           0                 0
Calceolaria crenatiflora        0         0           0                 0
Berberis darwinii               0         0           0                 0
Ribes magellanicum              0         0           0                 0
                         Thomisidae Trichophthalma jaffueli Chilicola1
Alstroemeria aurea                1                       1          1
Schinus patagonicus               0                       0          0
Rosa eglanteria                   0                       0          0
Aristotelia chilensis             0                       0          0
Vicia nigricans                   0                       0          0
Cynanchum diemii                  0                       0          0
Mutisia decurrens                 0                       0          0
Calceolaria crenatiflora          0                       0          0
Berberis darwinii                 0                       0          0
Ribes magellanicum                0                       0          0
                         Sphecidae Chilicola2 Phthiria1
Alstroemeria aurea               1          1         1
Schinus patagonicus              0          0         0
Rosa eglanteria                  0          0         0
Aristotelia chilensis            0          0         0
Vicia nigricans                  0          0         0
Cynanchum diemii                 0          0         0
Mutisia decurrens                0          0         0
Calceolaria crenatiflora         0          0         0
Berberis darwinii                0          0         0
Ribes magellanicum               0          0         0
                         Ruizantheda nigrocaerulea Megachile2 Acroceridae
Alstroemeria aurea                               1          1           1
Schinus patagonicus                              0          0           0
Rosa eglanteria                                  0          0           0
Aristotelia chilensis                            0          0           0
Vicia nigricans                                  0          0           0
Cynanchum diemii                                 0          0           0
Mutisia decurrens                                0          0           0
Calceolaria crenatiflora                         0          0           0
Berberis darwinii                                0          0           0
Ribes magellanicum                               0          0           0

$mat
  [1] 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0
 [38] 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
 [75] 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
[112] 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
[149] 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
[186] 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
[223] 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
[260] 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

$n.rows
[1] 10

$n.cols
[1] 29

$temperature
[1] 3.764814

$n.nullmodels
[1] 300

$population.size
[1] 30

$n.individuals
[1] 7

$binmatnestout
[1] 0

$n.generations
[1] 300

$nullmodels
[1] 1

$p.null1
[1] 0

$mean.temp.null1
[1] 28.90908

$var.temp.null1
[1] 28.9041

$p.null2
[1] 0

$mean.temp.null2
[1] 29.09252

$var.temp.null2
[1] 32.48099

$p.null3
[1] 0

$mean.temp.null3
[1] 17.80163

$var.temp.null3
[1] 28.04894

$pack.order.col
 [1]  5  2 16  9 18  4  3  1 11  6 10 13 24  7 14 25 29 26 12 17 28 23  8 22 21
[26] 19 20 15 27

$pack.order.row
 [1]  2  3  6  1  5  7  9 10  4  8

$packed.matrix
                         Colletes seminitidus Bombus dahlbomii
Alstroemeria aurea                          0                1
Schinus patagonicus                         0                0
Rosa eglanteria                             0                1
Aristotelia chilensis                       0                0
Vicia nigricans                             0                1
Cynanchum diemii                            0                0
Mutisia decurrens                           0                0
Calceolaria crenatiflora                    0                0
Berberis darwinii                           1                1
Ribes magellanicum                          1                0
                         Chalepogenus caeruleus Anthaxia Torymidae2
Alstroemeria aurea                            0        1          0
Schinus patagonicus                           0        0          0
Rosa eglanteria                               0        0          0
Aristotelia chilensis                         0        0          0
Vicia nigricans                               0        0          0
Cynanchum diemii                              0        0          1
Mutisia decurrens                             0        1          0
Calceolaria crenatiflora                      1        0          0
Berberis darwinii                             0        0          0
Ribes magellanicum                            0        0          0
                         Bombus ruderatus Ruizantheda mutabilis
Alstroemeria aurea                      1                     1
Schinus patagonicus                     0                     1
Rosa eglanteria                         0                     0
Aristotelia chilensis                   0                     1
Vicia nigricans                         1                     0
Cynanchum diemii                        0                     0
Mutisia decurrens                       0                     0
Calceolaria crenatiflora                0                     0
Berberis darwinii                       0                     0
Ribes magellanicum                      0                     0
                         Policana albopilosa Platycheirus1
Alstroemeria aurea                         0             1
Schinus patagonicus                        1             1
Rosa eglanteria                            0             1
Aristotelia chilensis                      1             0
Vicia nigricans                            0             0
Cynanchum diemii                           0             0
Mutisia decurrens                          0             0
Calceolaria crenatiflora                   0             0
Berberis darwinii                          0             0
Ribes magellanicum                         0             0
                         Syrphus octomaculatus Phthiria Sapromyza.Minettia
Alstroemeria aurea                           1        1                  0
Schinus patagonicus                          0        0                  0
Rosa eglanteria                              1        1                  1
Aristotelia chilensis                        0        0                  0
Vicia nigricans                              0        0                  0
Cynanchum diemii                             0        0                  0
Mutisia decurrens                            0        0                  0
Calceolaria crenatiflora                     0        0                  0
Berberis darwinii                            0        0                  0
Ribes magellanicum                           0        0                  0
                         Platycherius fenestratus Allograpta.Toxomerus
Alstroemeria aurea                              0                    1
Schinus patagonicus                             0                    1
Rosa eglanteria                                 1                    0
Aristotelia chilensis                           0                    0
Vicia nigricans                                 0                    0
Cynanchum diemii                                0                    0
Mutisia decurrens                               0                    0
Calceolaria crenatiflora                        0                    0
Berberis darwinii                               0                    0
Ribes magellanicum                              0                    0
                         Camponotus Scaeva melanostoma Vespidae Diptera10
Alstroemeria aurea                0                  0        0         0
Schinus patagonicus               1                  1        1         1
Rosa eglanteria                   0                  0        0         0
Aristotelia chilensis             0                  0        0         0
Vicia nigricans                   0                  0        0         0
Cynanchum diemii                  0                  0        0         0
Mutisia decurrens                 0                  0        0         0
Calceolaria crenatiflora          0                  0        0         0
Berberis darwinii                 0                  0        0         0
Ribes magellanicum                0                  0        0         0
                         Heterosarus Vespula germanica Chilicola1 Thomisidae
Alstroemeria aurea                 1                 1          1          1
Schinus patagonicus                0                 0          0          0
Rosa eglanteria                    0                 0          0          0
Aristotelia chilensis              0                 0          0          0
Vicia nigricans                    0                 0          0          0
Cynanchum diemii                   0                 0          0          0
Mutisia decurrens                  0                 0          0          0
Calceolaria crenatiflora           0                 0          0          0
Berberis darwinii                  0                 0          0          0
Ribes magellanicum                 0                 0          0          0
                         Trichophthalma jaffueli Sphecidae Chilicola2 Phthiria1
Alstroemeria aurea                             1         1          1         1
Schinus patagonicus                            0         0          0         0
Rosa eglanteria                                0         0          0         0
Aristotelia chilensis                          0         0          0         0
Vicia nigricans                                0         0          0         0
Cynanchum diemii                               0         0          0         0
Mutisia decurrens                              0         0          0         0
Calceolaria crenatiflora                       0         0          0         0
Berberis darwinii                              0         0          0         0
Ribes magellanicum                             0         0          0         0
                         Ruizantheda nigrocaerulea Megachile2 Acroceridae
Alstroemeria aurea                               1          1           1
Schinus patagonicus                              0          0           0
Rosa eglanteria                                  0          0           0
Aristotelia chilensis                            0          0           0
Vicia nigricans                                  0          0           0
Cynanchum diemii                                 0          0           0
Mutisia decurrens                                0          0           0
Calceolaria crenatiflora                         0          0           0
Berberis darwinii                                0          0           0
Ribes magellanicum                               0          0           0

bipartite documentation built on May 22, 2019, 1:02 a.m.