augment.decomposed.ts: Augment data with information from a(n) decomposed.ts object

View source: R/stats-decompose-tidiers.R

augment.decomposed.tsR Documentation

Augment data with information from a(n) decomposed.ts object


Augment accepts a model object and a dataset and adds information about each observation in the dataset. Most commonly, this includes predicted values in the .fitted column, residuals in the .resid column, and standard errors for the fitted values in a column. New columns always begin with a . prefix to avoid overwriting columns in the original dataset.

Users may pass data to augment via either the data argument or the newdata argument. If the user passes data to the data argument, it must be exactly the data that was used to fit the model object. Pass datasets to newdata to augment data that was not used during model fitting. This still requires that at least all predictor variable columns used to fit the model are present. If the original outcome variable used to fit the model is not included in newdata, then no .resid column will be included in the output.

Augment will often behave differently depending on whether data or newdata is given. This is because there is often information associated with training observations (such as influences or related) measures that is not meaningfully defined for new observations.

For convenience, many augment methods provide default data arguments, so that augment(fit) will return the augmented training data. In these cases, augment tries to reconstruct the original data based on the model object with varying degrees of success.

The augmented dataset is always returned as a tibble::tibble with the same number of rows as the passed dataset. This means that the passed data must be coercible to a tibble. If a predictor enters the model as part of a matrix of covariates, such as when the model formula uses splines::ns(), stats::poly(), or survival::Surv(), it is represented as a matrix column.

We are in the process of defining behaviors for models fit with various na.action arguments, but make no guarantees about behavior when data is missing at this time.


## S3 method for class 'decomposed.ts'
augment(x, ...)



A decomposed.ts object returned from stats::decompose().


Additional arguments. Not used. Needed to match generic signature only. Cautionary note: Misspelled arguments will be absorbed in ..., where they will be ignored. If the misspelled argument has a default value, the default value will be used. For example, if you pass conf.lvel = 0.9, all computation will proceed using conf.level = 0.95. Two exceptions here are:

  • tidy() methods will warn when supplied an exponentiate argument if it will be ignored.

  • augment() methods will warn when supplied a newdata argument if it will be ignored.


A tibble::tibble with one row for each observation in the original times series:


The seasonal component of the decomposition.


The trend component of the decomposition.


The remainder, or "random" component of the decomposition.


The final robust weights (stl only).


The seasonally adjusted (or "deseasonalised") series.

See Also

augment(), stats::decompose()

Other decompose tidiers: augment.stl()


# time series of temperatures in Nottingham, 1920-1939:

# perform seasonal decomposition on the data with both decompose
# and stl:
d1 <- decompose(nottem)
d2 <- stl(nottem, s.window = "periodic", robust = TRUE)

# compare the original series to its decompositions.

  tidy(nottem), augment(d1),

# visually compare seasonal decompositions in tidy data frames.


decomps <- tibble(
  # turn the ts objects into data frames.
  series = list(,,
  # add the models in, one for each row.
  decomp = c("decompose", "stl"),
  model = list(d1, d2)
) %>%
  rowwise() %>%
  # pull out the fitted data using broom::augment.
  mutate(augment = list(broom::augment(model))) %>%
  ungroup() %>%
  # unnest the data frames into a tidy arrangement of
  # the series next to its seasonal decomposition, grouped
  # by the method (stl or decompose).
  group_by(decomp) %>%
  unnest(c(series, augment)) %>%
  mutate(index = 1:n()) %>%
  ungroup() %>%
  select(decomp, index, x, adjusted = .seasadj)

ggplot(decomps) +
  geom_line(aes(x = index, y = x), colour = "black") +
    x = index, y = adjusted, colour = decomp,
    group = decomp

broom documentation built on July 9, 2023, 5:28 p.m.