R/dcCalc.R

Defines functions .dcCalc

.dcCalc <- function(dc_yda, temp, rh, prec, lat, mon, lat.adjust=TRUE) {
  #############################################################################
  # Description: Drought Code Calculation. All code
  #              is based on a C code library that was written by Canadian
  #              Forest Service Employees, which was originally based on
  #              the Fortran code listed in the reference below. All equations
  #              in this code refer to that document.
  #
  #              Equations and FORTRAN program for the Canadian Forest Fire 
  #              Weather Index System. 1985. Van Wagner, C.E.; Pickett, T.L. 
  #              Canadian Forestry Service, Petawawa National Forestry 
  #              Institute, Chalk River, Ontario. Forestry Technical Report 33. 
  #              18 p.
  #
  #              Additional reference on FWI system
  #
  #              Development and structure of the Canadian Forest Fire Weather 
  #              Index System. 1987. Van Wagner, C.E. Canadian Forestry Service,
  #              Headquarters, Ottawa. Forestry Technical Report 35. 35 p.
  #  
  #
  # Args:   dc_yda:   The Drought Code from previous iteration
  #           temp:   Temperature (centigrade)
  #             rh:   Relative Humidity (%)
  #           prec:   Precipitation(mm)
  #            lat:   Latitude (decimal degrees)
  #            mon:   Month (1-12)
  #     lat.adjust:   Latitude adjustment (TRUE, FALSE, default=TRUE)
  #
  # Returns: A single dc value
  #
  #############################################################################
  #Day length factor for DC Calculations
  #20N: North of 20 degrees N
  fl01 <- c(-1.6, -1.6, -1.6, 0.9, 3.8, 5.8, 6.4, 5, 2.4, 0.4, -1.6, -1.6)
  #20S: South of 20 degrees S
  fl02 <- c(6.4, 5, 2.4, 0.4, -1.6, -1.6, -1.6, -1.6, -1.6, 0.9, 3.8, 5.8)
  #Near the equator, we just use 1.4 for all months.
  #Constrain temperature
  temp <- ifelse(temp < (-2.8), -2.8, temp)
  
  #Eq. 22 - Potential Evapotranspiration
  pe <- (0.36 * (temp + 2.8) + fl01[mon]) / 2
  #Daylength factor adjustment by latitude for Potential Evapotranspiration
  if (lat.adjust) {
    pe <- ifelse(lat <= -20, (0.36 * (temp + 2.8) + fl02[mon]) / 2, pe)
    pe <- ifelse(lat > -20 & lat <= 20, (0.36 * (temp + 2.8) + 1.4)/2, pe)
  }
  # Cap potential evapotranspiration at 0 for negative winter DC values
  pe <- ifelse(pe < 0, 0, pe)
  ra <- prec
  #Eq. 18 - Effective Rainfall
  rw <- 0.83 * ra - 1.27
  #Eq. 19
  smi <- 800 * exp(-1 * dc_yda/400)
  #Alteration to Eq. 21
  dr0 <- dc_yda - 400 * log(1 + 3.937 * rw/smi)
  dr0 <- ifelse(dr0 < 0, 0, dr0)
  #if precip is less than 2.8 then use yesterday's DC
  dr <- ifelse(prec <= 2.8, dc_yda, dr0)
  #Alteration to Eq. 23
  dc1 <- dr + pe
  dc1 <- ifelse(dc1 < 0, 0, dc1)
  return(dc1)
}

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cffdrs documentation built on July 1, 2020, 6:04 p.m.