plot2DProjection: PLOT A PAIR OF CLUSTERS ALONG A 2-D PROJECTION SPACE

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) References See Also Examples

Description

Plot a pair of clusters along a 2-D projection space.

Usage

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plot2DProjection(y1, y2, projDir, 
  sepValMethod=c("normal", "quantile"), 
  iniProjDirMethod=c("SL", "naive"), 
  projDirMethod=c("newton", "fixedpoint"), 
  xlim=NULL, ylim=NULL, 
  xlab="1st projection direction", 
  ylab="2nd projection direction", 
  title="Scatter plot of 2-D Projected Clusters",
  font=2, font.lab=2, cex=1.2, cex.lab=1, cex.main=1.5,
  lwd=4, lty1=1, lty2=2, pch1=18, pch2=19, col1=2, col2=4, 
  alpha=0.05, ITMAX=20, eps=1.0e-10, quiet=TRUE)

Arguments

y1

Data matrix of cluster 1. Rows correspond to observations. Columns correspond to variables.

y2

Data matrix of cluster 2. Rows correspond to observations. Columns correspond to variables.

projDir

1-D projection direction along which two clusters will be projected.

sepValMethod

Method to calculate separation index for a pair of clusters projected onto a 1-D space. sepValMethod="quantile" indicates the quantile version of separation index will be used: sepVal=(L_2-U_1)/(U_2-L_1) where L_i and U_i, i=1, 2, are the lower and upper alpha/2 sample percentiles of projected cluster i. sepValMethod="normal" indicates the normal version of separation index will be used: sepVal=[(xbar_2-xbar_1)-z_{α/2}(s_1+s_2)]/ [(xbar_2-xbar_1)+z_{α/2}(s_1+s_2)], where xbar_i and s_i are the sample mean and standard deviation of projected cluster i.

iniProjDirMethod

Indicating the method to get initial projection direction when calculating the separation index between a pair of clusters (c.f. Qiu and Joe, 2006a, 2006b).
iniProjDirMethod=“SL” indicates the initial projection direction is the sample version of the SL's projection direction (Su and Liu, 1993) ≤ft(\boldsymbol{Σ}_1+\boldsymbol{Σ}_2\right)^{-1}≤ft(\boldsymbol{μ}_2-\boldsymbol{μ}_1\right)
iniProjDirMethod=“naive” indicates the initial projection direction is \boldsymbol{μ}_2-\boldsymbol{μ}_1

projDirMethod

Indicating the method to get the optimal projection direction when calculating the separation index between a pair of clusters (c.f. Qiu and Joe, 2006a, 2006b).
projDirMethod=“newton” indicates we use the Newton-Raphson method to search the optimal projection direction (c.f. Qiu and Joe, 2006a). This requires the assumptions that both covariance matrices of the pair of clusters are positive-definite. If this assumption is violated, the “fixedpoint” method could be used. The “fixedpoint” method iteratively searches the optimal projection direction based on the first derivative of the separation index to the project direction (c.f. Qiu and Joe, 2006b).

xlim

Range of X axis.

ylim

Range of Y axis.

xlab

X axis label.

ylab

Y axis label.

title

Title of the plot.

font

An integer which specifies which font to use for text (see par).

font.lab

The font to be used for x and y labels (see par).

cex

A numerical value giving the amount by which plotting text and symbols should be scaled relative to the default (see par).

cex.lab

The magnification to be used for x and y labels relative to the current setting of 'cex' (see par).

cex.main

The magnification to be used for main titles relative to the current setting of 'cex' (see par).

lwd

The line width, a \_positive\_ number, defaulting to '1' (see par).

lty1

Line type for cluster 1 (see par).

lty2

Line type for cluster 2 (see par).

pch1

Either an integer specifying a symbol or a single character to be used as the default in plotting points for cluster 1 (see points).

pch2

Either an integer specifying a symbol or a single character to be used as the default in plotting points for cluster 2 (see points).

col1

Color to indicates cluster 1.

col2

Color to indicates cluster 2.

alpha

Tuning parameter reflecting the percentage in the two tails of a projected cluster that might be outlying.

ITMAX

Maximum iteration allowed when iteratively calculating the optimal projection direction. The actual number of iterations is usually much less than the default value 20.

eps

A small positive number to check if a quantitiy q is equal to zero. If |q|<eps, then we regard q as equal to zero. eps is used to check the denominator in the formula of the separation index is equal to zero. Zero-value denominator indicates two clusters are totally overlapped. Hence the separation index is set to be -1. The default value of eps is 1.0e-10.

quiet

A flag to switch on/off the outputs of intermediate results and/or possible warning messages. The default value is TRUE.

Details

To get the second projection direction, we first construct an orthogonal matrix with first column projDir. Then we rotate the data points according to this orthogonal matrix. Next, we remove the first dimension of the rotated data points, and obtain the optimal projection direction projDir2 for the rotated data points in the remaining dimensions. Finally, we rotate the vector projDir3=(0, projDir2) back to the original space. The vector projDir3 is the second projection direction.

The ticks along X axis indicates the positions of points of the projected two clusters. The positions of L_i and U_i, i=1, 2, are also indicated on X axis, where L_i and U_i are the lower and upper α/2 sample percentiles of cluster i if sepValMethod="quantile". If sepValMethod="normal", L_i=xbar_i-z_{α/2}s_i, where xbar_i and s_i are the sample mean and standard deviation of cluster i, and z_{α/2} is the upper α/2 percentile of standard normal distribution.

Value

sepValx

value of the separation index for the projected two clusters along the 1st projection direction.

sepValy

value of the separation index for the projected two clusters along the 2nd projection direction.

Q2

1st column is the 1st projection direction. 2nd column is the 2nd projection direction.

Author(s)

Weiliang Qiu [email protected]
Harry Joe [email protected]

References

Qiu, W.-L. and Joe, H. (2006a) Generation of Random Clusters with Specified Degree of Separaion. Journal of Classification, 23(2), 315-334.

Qiu, W.-L. and Joe, H. (2006b) Separation Index and Partial Membership for Clustering. Computational Statistics and Data Analysis, 50, 585–603.

See Also

plot1DProjection viewClusters

Examples

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n1<-50
mu1<-c(0,0)
Sigma1<-matrix(c(2,1,1,5),2,2)
n2<-100
mu2<-c(10,0)
Sigma2<-matrix(c(5,-1,-1,2),2,2)
projDir<-c(1, 0)

library(MASS)
set.seed(1234)
y1<-mvrnorm(n1, mu1, Sigma1)
y2<-mvrnorm(n2, mu2, Sigma2)
y<-rbind(y1, y2)
cl<-rep(1:2, c(n1, n2))

b<-getSepProjData(y, cl, iniProjDirMethod="SL", projDirMethod="newton")
# projection direction for clusters 1 and 2
projDir<-b$projDirArray[1,2,]

par(mfrow=c(2,1))
plot1DProjection(y1, y2, projDir)
plot2DProjection(y1, y2, projDir)

clusterGeneration documentation built on May 2, 2019, 6:53 a.m.