RainIbk: Precipitation Observations and Forecasts for Innsbruck

RainIbkR Documentation

Precipitation Observations and Forecasts for Innsbruck


Accumulated 5-8 days precipitation amount for Innsbruck. Data includes GEFS reforecasts (Hamill et al. 2013) and observations from SYNOP station Innsbruck Airport (11120) from 2000-01-01 to 2013-09-17.




A data frame with 4977 rows. The first column (rain) are 3 days accumulated precipitation amount observations, Columns 2-12 (rainfc) are 5-8 days accumulated precipitation amount forecasts from the individual ensemble members.


Observations: http://www.ogimet.com/synops.phtml.en

Reforecasts: http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/psd/forecasts/reforecast2/


Hamill TM, Bates GT, Whitaker JS, Murray DR, Fiorino M, Galarneau Jr TJ, Zhu Y, Lapenta W (2013). NOAA's Second-Generation Global Medium-Range Ensemble Reforecast Data Set. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94(10), 1553-1565.


## Spread skill relationship ##

## load and prepare data

## mean and standard deviation of square root transformed ensemble forecasts
RainIbk$sqrtensmean <- 
  apply(sqrt(RainIbk[,grep('^rainfc',names(RainIbk))]), 1, mean)
RainIbk$sqrtenssd <- 
  apply(sqrt(RainIbk[,grep('^rainfc',names(RainIbk))]),  1, sd)

## quintiles of sqrtenssd
sdcat <- cut(RainIbk$sqrtenssd, c(-Inf, quantile(RainIbk$sqrtenssd, 
  seq(0.2,0.8,0.2)), Inf), labels = c(1:5))

## mean forecast errors for each quintile
m <- NULL
for(i in levels(sdcat)) {
  m <- c(m, mean((sqrt(RainIbk$rain)[sdcat == i] -
  RainIbk$sqrtensmean[sdcat == i])^2, na.rm = TRUE))

## plot
boxplot((sqrt(rain) - sqrtensmean)^2~sdcat, RainIbk, 
  xlab = "Quintile of ensemble standard deviation", 
  ylab = "mean squared error", main = "Spread skill relationship")

crch documentation built on March 31, 2023, 11:08 p.m.