# Centering and scaling of matrices

### Description

Function to center and/or scale the coloumns of a matrix in various ways. The coloumns can be centered with their means or with supplied values, and they can be scaled with their standard deviations or with supplied values.

### Usage

1 |

### Arguments

`x` |
A matrix. |

`center` |
A logical, or a numeric vector. The values to subtract from each column. If |

`scale` |
A lgical, or a numeric vector. The values to divide each column with. If |

`avoid.zero.divisor` |
A logical. If |

### Details

`stdize`

standardizes the coloumns of a matrix by subtracting their means (or the supplied values) and dividing by their standard deviations (or the supplied values).

If `avoid.zero.divisor`

is `TRUE`

, division-by-zero is guarded against by substituting any *0* in `center`

(either calculated or supplied) with *1* prior to division.

The main difference between `stdize`

and `scale`

is that `stdize`

divides by the standard deviations even when `center`

is not `TRUE`

.

### Value

A matrix.

### Author(s)

Bjørn-Helge Mevik and Øyvind Langsrud

### See Also

`scale`

### Examples

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