Plotting polytopes in 3D - Example 1

library(knitr)
library(rgl)
rgl::setupKnitr()
options(rgl.useNULL=TRUE)
opts_chunk$set(
  collapse = TRUE,
  webgl = TRUE,
  #comment = "#>",
  warning=FALSE, message=FALSE, include = TRUE, 
  out.width = "99%", fig.width = 8, fig.align = "center", fig.asp = 0.62
)

if (!requireNamespace("rmarkdown", quietly = TRUE) || !rmarkdown::pandoc_available("1.14")) {
   warning(call. = FALSE, "These vignettes assume rmarkdown and pandoc version 1.14 (or higher). These were not found. Older versions will not work.")
   knitr::knit_exit()
}

With gMOIP you can make 3D plots of the polytope/feasible region/solution space of a linear programming (LP), integer linear programming (ILP) model, or mixed integer linear programming (MILP) model. This vignette gives examples on how to make plots given a model with three variables.

First we load the package:

library(gMOIP)

We define the model $\max {cx | Ax \leq b}$ (could also be minimized) with three variables:

A <- matrix( c(
   3, 2, 5,
   2, 1, 1,
   1, 1, 3,
   5, 2, 4
), nc = 3, byrow = TRUE)
b <- c(55, 26, 30, 57)
obj <- c(20, 10, 15)

We load the preferred view angle for the RGL window:

view <- matrix( c(-0.412063330411911, -0.228006735444069, 0.882166087627411, 0, 0.910147845745087,
                  -0.0574885793030262, 0.410274744033813, 0, -0.042830865830183, 0.97196090221405,
                  0.231208890676498, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1), nc = 4)

The LP polytope:

loadView(v = view, close = F, zoom = 0.75)
plotPolytope(A, b, plotOptimum = TRUE, obj = obj)

Note you can zoom/turn/twist the figure with your mouse (rglwidget).

The ILP model with LP and ILP faces:

loadView(v = view)
mfrow3d(nr = 1, nc = 2, sharedMouse = TRUE)
plotPolytope(A, b, faces = c("c","c","c"), type = c("i","i","i"), plotOptimum = TRUE, obj = obj, 
             argsTitle3d = list(main = "With LP faces"), argsPlot3d = list(box = F, axes = T) )
plotPolytope(A, b, faces = c("i","i","i"), type = c("i","i","i"), plotFeasible = FALSE, obj = obj,
             argsTitle3d = list(main = "ILP faces") )

Let us have a look at some MILP models. MILP model with variable 1 and 3 integer:

loadView(v = view, close = T, zoom = 0.75)
plotPolytope(A, b, faces = c("c","c","c"), type = c("i","c","i"), plotOptimum = TRUE, obj = obj)

MILP model with variable 2 and 3 integer:

loadView(v = view, zoom = 0.75)
plotPolytope(A, b, faces = c("c","c","c"), type = c("c","i","i"), plotOptimum = TRUE, obj = obj)

MILP model with variable 1 and 2 integer:

loadView(v = view, zoom = 0.75)
plotPolytope(A, b, faces = c("c","c","c"), type = c("i","i","c"), plotOptimum = TRUE, obj = obj)

MILP model with variable 1 integer:

loadView(v = view, zoom = 0.75)
plotPolytope(A, b, type = c("i","c","c"), plotOptimum = TRUE, obj = obj, plotFaces = FALSE)

MILP model with variable 2 integer:

loadView(v = view, zoom = 0.75)
plotPolytope(A, b, type = c("c","i","c"), plotOptimum = TRUE, obj = obj, plotFaces = FALSE)

MILP model with variable 3 integer:

loadView(v = view, zoom = 0.75)
plotPolytope(A, b, type = c("c","c","i"), plotOptimum = TRUE, obj = obj, plotFaces = FALSE)
rm(list = ls(all.names = TRUE))


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gMOIP documentation built on Aug. 23, 2021, 5:09 p.m.