library(knitr) library(rgl) rgl::setupKnitr() options(rgl.useNULL=TRUE) opts_chunk$set( collapse = TRUE, webgl = TRUE, #comment = "#>", warning=FALSE, message=FALSE, include = TRUE, out.width = "99%", fig.width = 8, fig.align = "center", fig.asp = 0.62 ) if (!requireNamespace("rmarkdown", quietly = TRUE) || !rmarkdown::pandoc_available("1.14")) { warning(call. = FALSE, "These vignettes assume rmarkdown and pandoc version 1.14 (or higher). These were not found. Older versions will not work.") knitr::knit_exit() }

With `gMOIP`

you can make 3D plots of the polytope/feasible region/solution space of a linear programming (LP), integer linear programming (ILP) model, or mixed integer linear programming (MILP) model. This vignette gives examples on how to make plots given a model with three variables.

First we load the package:

```
library(gMOIP)
```

We define the model $\max {cx | Ax \leq b}$ (could also be minimized) with three variables:

A <- matrix( c( 3, 2, 5, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 3, 5, 2, 4 ), nc = 3, byrow = TRUE) b <- c(55, 26, 30, 57) obj <- c(20, 10, 15)

We load the preferred view angle for the RGL window:

view <- matrix( c(-0.412063330411911, -0.228006735444069, 0.882166087627411, 0, 0.910147845745087, -0.0574885793030262, 0.410274744033813, 0, -0.042830865830183, 0.97196090221405, 0.231208890676498, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1), nc = 4)

The LP polytope:

loadView(v = view, close = F, zoom = 0.75) plotPolytope(A, b, plotOptimum = TRUE, obj = obj)

Note you can zoom/turn/twist the figure with your mouse (`rglwidget`

).

The ILP model with LP and ILP faces:

loadView(v = view) mfrow3d(nr = 1, nc = 2, sharedMouse = TRUE) plotPolytope(A, b, faces = c("c","c","c"), type = c("i","i","i"), plotOptimum = TRUE, obj = obj, argsTitle3d = list(main = "With LP faces"), argsPlot3d = list(box = F, axes = T) ) plotPolytope(A, b, faces = c("i","i","i"), type = c("i","i","i"), plotFeasible = FALSE, obj = obj, argsTitle3d = list(main = "ILP faces") )

Let us have a look at some MILP models. MILP model with variable 1 and 3 integer:

loadView(v = view, close = T, zoom = 0.75) plotPolytope(A, b, faces = c("c","c","c"), type = c("i","c","i"), plotOptimum = TRUE, obj = obj)

MILP model with variable 2 and 3 integer:

loadView(v = view, zoom = 0.75) plotPolytope(A, b, faces = c("c","c","c"), type = c("c","i","i"), plotOptimum = TRUE, obj = obj)

MILP model with variable 1 and 2 integer:

loadView(v = view, zoom = 0.75) plotPolytope(A, b, faces = c("c","c","c"), type = c("i","i","c"), plotOptimum = TRUE, obj = obj)

MILP model with variable 1 integer:

loadView(v = view, zoom = 0.75) plotPolytope(A, b, type = c("i","c","c"), plotOptimum = TRUE, obj = obj, plotFaces = FALSE)

MILP model with variable 2 integer:

loadView(v = view, zoom = 0.75) plotPolytope(A, b, type = c("c","i","c"), plotOptimum = TRUE, obj = obj, plotFaces = FALSE)

MILP model with variable 3 integer:

loadView(v = view, zoom = 0.75) plotPolytope(A, b, type = c("c","c","i"), plotOptimum = TRUE, obj = obj, plotFaces = FALSE)

rm(list = ls(all.names = TRUE))

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