gsw_gibbs: Gibbs Energy of Seawater, and its Derivatives

Description Usage Arguments Value Implementation Note Caution References Examples

View source: R/gsw.R

Description

Gibbs Energy of Seawater, and its Derivatives

Usage

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gsw_gibbs(ns, nt, np, SA, t, p = 0)

Arguments

ns

An integer, the order of the SA derivative. Must be 0, 1, or 2.

nt

An integer, the order of the t derivative. Must be 0, 1, or 2.

np

An integer, the order of the p derivative. Must be 0, 1, or 2.

SA

Absolute Salinity [ g/kg ]

t

in-situ temperature (ITS-90) [ degC ]

p

sea pressure [dbar], i.e. absolute pressure [dbar] minus 10.1325 dbar

Value

Gibbs energy [ J/kg ] if ns=nt=np=0. Derivative of energy with respect to SA [ J/kg/(g/kg)^ns ] if ns is nonzero and nt=np=0, etc. Note that derivatives with respect to pressure are in units with Pa, not dbar.

Implementation Note

This R function uses a wrapper to a C function contained within the GSW-C system as updated 2021-03-27 at https://github.com/TEOS-10/GSW-C with git commit 'f7bfebf44f686034636facb09852f1d5760c27f5'. In turn, that C function uses data from the library/gsw_data_v3_0.mat file provided in the GSW-Matlab source code, version 3.06-11. Unfortunately, this version is no longer displayed on the TEOS-10.org website. Therefore, in the interests of making GSW-R be self-contained, a copy was downloaded from http://www.teos-10.org/software/gsw_matlab_v3_06_11.zip on 2021-0706, the .mat file was stored in the developer/create_data directory of https://github.com/TEOS-10/GSW-R, and then the dataset used in GSW-R was created based on that .mat file. Please consult http://www.teos-10.org to learn more about the various TEOS-10 software systems.

Caution

The TEOS-10 webpage for gsw_gibbs does not provide test values, so the present R version should be considered untested.

References

http://www.teos-10.org/pubs/gsw/html/gsw_gibbs.html

Examples

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library(gsw)
p <- seq(0, 100, 1)
SA <- rep(35, length(p))
t <- rep(-5, length(p))
## Check the derivative wrt pressure. Note the unit change
E <- gsw_gibbs(0, 0, 0, SA, t, p)
# Estimate derivative from linear fit (try plotting: it is very linear)
m <- lm(E ~ p)
print(summary(m))
plot(p, E)
abline(m)
dEdp1 <- coef(m)[2]
# Calculate derivative ... note we multiply by 1e4 to get from 1/Pa to 1/dbar
dEdp2 <- 1e4 * gsw_gibbs(0, 0, 1, SA[1], t[1], p[1])
## Ratio
dEdp1 / dEdp2

gsw documentation built on July 8, 2021, 1:07 a.m.