# Order or Sort strings with embedded numbers so that the numbers are in the correct order

### Description

These functions sort or order character strings containing embedded numbers so that the numbers are numerically sorted rather than sorted by character value. I.e. "Asprin 50mg" will come before "Asprin 100mg". In addition, case of character strings is ignored so that "a", will come before "B" and "C".

### Usage

1 2 3 4 5 6 |

### Arguments

`x` |
Vector to be sorted. |

`decreasing` |
logical. Should the sort be increasing or
decreasing? Note that |

`na.last` |
for controlling the treatment of |

`blank.last` |
for controlling the treatment of blank values. If |

`numeric.type` |
either "decimal" (default) or "roman". Are numeric values represented as
decimal numbers ( |

`roman.case` |
one of "upper", "lower", or "both". Are roman numerals represented using only capital letters ('IX') or lower-case letters ('ix') or both? |

### Details

I often have character vectors (e.g. factor labels), such as compound and dose, that contain both text and numeric data. This function is useful for sorting these character vectors into a logical order.

It does so by splitting each character vector into a sequence of
character and numeric sections, and then sorting along these sections,
with numbers being sorted by numeric value (e.g. "50" comes before
"100"), followed by characters strings sorted by character
value (e.g. "A" comes before "B") *ignoring case* (e.g. 'A' has
the same sort order as 'a').

By default, sort order is ascending, empty strings are sorted to the front,
and `NA`

values to the end. Setting `descending=TRUE`

changes the sort order to descending and reverses the meanings of
`na.last`

and `blank.last`

.

Parsing looks for decimal numbers unless `numeric.type="roman"`

,
in which parsing looks for roman numerals, with character case
specified by `roman.case`

.

### Value

`mixedorder`

returns a vector giving the sort order of the input
elements. `mixedsort`

returns the sorted vector.

### Author(s)

Gregory R. Warnes greg@warnes.net

### See Also

`sort`

, `order`

### Examples

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 | ```
## compound & dose labels
Treatment <- c("Control", "Asprin 10mg/day", "Asprin 50mg/day",
"Asprin 100mg/day", "Acetomycin 100mg/day",
"Acetomycin 1000mg/day")
## ordinary sort puts the dosages in the wrong order
sort(Treatment)
## but mixedsort does the 'right' thing
mixedsort(Treatment)
## Here is a more complex example
x <- rev(c("AA 0.50 ml", "AA 1.5 ml", "AA 500 ml", "AA 1500 ml",
"EXP 1", "AA 1e3 ml", "A A A", "1 2 3 A", "NA", NA, "1e2",
"", "-", "1A", "1 A", "100", "100A", "Inf"))
mixedorder(x)
mixedsort(x) # Notice that plain numbers, including 'Inf' show up
# before strings, NAs at the end, and blanks at the
# beginning .
mixedsort(x, na.last=TRUE) # default
mixedsort(x, na.last=FALSE) # push NAs to the front
mixedsort(x, blank.last=FALSE) # default
mixedsort(x, blank.last=TRUE) # push blanks to the end
mixedsort(x, decreasing=FALSE) # default
mixedsort(x, decreasing=TRUE) # reverse sort order
## Roman numerals
chapters <- c("V. Non Sequiturs", "II. More Nonsense",
"I. Nonsense", "IV. Nonesensical Citations",
"III. Utter Nonsense")
mixedsort(chapters, numeric.type="roman" )
## Lower-case Roman numerals
vals <- c("xix", "xii", "mcv", "iii", "iv", "dcclxxii", "cdxcii",
"dcxcviii", "dcvi", "cci")
(ordered <- mixedsort(vals, numeric.type="roman", roman.case="lower"))
roman2int(ordered)
``` |

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