h2o.naiveBayes: Compute naive Bayes probabilities on an H2O dataset.

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Examples

View source: R/naivebayes.R

Description

The naive Bayes classifier assumes independence between predictor variables conditional on the response, and a Gaussian distribution of numeric predictors with mean and standard deviation computed from the training dataset. When building a naive Bayes classifier, every row in the training dataset that contains at least one NA will be skipped completely. If the test dataset has missing values, then those predictors are omitted in the probability calculation during prediction.

Usage

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h2o.naiveBayes(x, y, training_frame, model_id = NULL, nfolds = 0,
  seed = -1, fold_assignment = c("AUTO", "Random", "Modulo", "Stratified"),
  fold_column = NULL, keep_cross_validation_predictions = FALSE,
  keep_cross_validation_fold_assignment = FALSE, validation_frame = NULL,
  ignore_const_cols = TRUE, score_each_iteration = FALSE,
  balance_classes = FALSE, class_sampling_factors = NULL,
  max_after_balance_size = 5, max_hit_ratio_k = 0, laplace = 0,
  threshold = 0.001, min_sdev = 0.001, eps = 0, eps_sdev = 0,
  min_prob = 0.001, eps_prob = 0, compute_metrics = TRUE,
  max_runtime_secs = 0)

Arguments

x

A vector containing the names or indices of the predictor variables to use in building the model. If x is missing,then all columns except y are used.

y

The name of the response variable in the model.If the data does not contain a header, this is the first column index, and increasing from left to right. (The response must be either an integer or a categorical variable).

training_frame

Id of the training data frame (Not required, to allow initial validation of model parameters).

model_id

Destination id for this model; auto-generated if not specified.

nfolds

Number of folds for N-fold cross-validation (0 to disable or >= 2). Defaults to 0.

seed

Seed for random numbers (affects certain parts of the algo that are stochastic and those might or might not be enabled by default) Defaults to -1 (time-based random number).

fold_assignment

Cross-validation fold assignment scheme, if fold_column is not specified. The 'Stratified' option will stratify the folds based on the response variable, for classification problems. Must be one of: "AUTO", "Random", "Modulo", "Stratified". Defaults to AUTO.

fold_column

Column with cross-validation fold index assignment per observation.

keep_cross_validation_predictions

Logical. Whether to keep the predictions of the cross-validation models. Defaults to FALSE.

keep_cross_validation_fold_assignment

Logical. Whether to keep the cross-validation fold assignment. Defaults to FALSE.

validation_frame

Id of the validation data frame.

ignore_const_cols

Logical. Ignore constant columns. Defaults to TRUE.

score_each_iteration

Logical. Whether to score during each iteration of model training. Defaults to FALSE.

balance_classes

Logical. Balance training data class counts via over/under-sampling (for imbalanced data). Defaults to FALSE.

class_sampling_factors

Desired over/under-sampling ratios per class (in lexicographic order). If not specified, sampling factors will be automatically computed to obtain class balance during training. Requires balance_classes.

max_after_balance_size

Maximum relative size of the training data after balancing class counts (can be less than 1.0). Requires balance_classes. Defaults to 5.0.

max_hit_ratio_k

Max. number (top K) of predictions to use for hit ratio computation (for multi-class only, 0 to disable) Defaults to 0.

laplace

Laplace smoothing parameter Defaults to 0.

threshold

This argument is deprecated, use 'min_sdev' instead. The minimum standard deviation to use for observations without enough data. Must be at least 1e-10.

min_sdev

The minimum standard deviation to use for observations without enough data. Must be at least 1e-10.

eps

This argument is deprecated, use 'eps_sdev' instead. A threshold cutoff to deal with numeric instability, must be positive.

eps_sdev

A threshold cutoff to deal with numeric instability, must be positive.

min_prob

Min. probability to use for observations with not enough data.

eps_prob

Cutoff below which probability is replaced with min_prob.

compute_metrics

Logical. Compute metrics on training data Defaults to TRUE.

max_runtime_secs

Maximum allowed runtime in seconds for model training. Use 0 to disable. Defaults to 0.

Details

The naive Bayes classifier assumes independence between predictor variables conditional on the response, and a Gaussian distribution of numeric predictors with mean and standard deviation computed from the training dataset. When building a naive Bayes classifier, every row in the training dataset that contains at least one NA will be skipped completely. If the test dataset has missing values, then those predictors are omitted in the probability calculation during prediction.

Value

Returns an object of class H2OBinomialModel if the response has two categorical levels, and H2OMultinomialModel otherwise.

Examples

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h2o.init()
votesPath <- system.file("extdata", "housevotes.csv", package="h2o")
votes.hex <- h2o.uploadFile(path = votesPath, header = TRUE)
h2o.naiveBayes(x = 2:17, y = 1, training_frame = votes.hex, laplace = 3)

h2o documentation built on July 4, 2017, 9:42 a.m.