The residuals at level i are obtained by subtracting the fitted levels at that level from the response vector.
an object inheriting from class
an optional integer giving the level of grouping to be used in
extracting the residuals from object. Level values increase from outermost
to innermost grouping, with level 0 corresponding to the population
residuals and level 1 corresponding to subject-specific residuals. Defaults
additional arguments; currently none are used.
list of length K with each element a vector of
residuals for the k-th longitudinal outcome.
Graeme L. Hickey (email@example.com)
Pinheiro JC, Bates DM. Mixed-Effects Models in S and S-PLUS. New York: Springer Verlag; 2000.
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