Draws a Latin Hypercube Sample from a set of uniform distributions for use in creating a Latin Hypercube Design. This function attempts to optimize the sample by maximizing the minium distance between design points (maximin criteria).

1 | ```
maximinLHS(n, k, dup=1)
``` |

`n` |
The number of partitions (simulations or design points) |

`k` |
The number of replications (variables) |

`dup` |
A factor that determines the number of candidate points used in the search. A multiple of the number of remaining points than can be added. |

Latin hypercube sampling (LHS) was developed to generate a distribution
of collections of parameter values from a multidimensional distribution.
A square grid containing possible sample points is a Latin square iff there
is only one sample in each row and each column. A Latin hypercube is the
generalisation of this concept to an arbitrary number of dimensions. When
sampling a function of `k`

variables, the range of each variable is divided
into `n`

equally probable intervals. `n`

sample points are then drawn such that a
Latin Hypercube is created. Latin Hypercube sampling generates more efficient
estimates of desired parameters than simple Monte Carlo sampling.

This program generates a Latin Hypercube Sample by creating random permutations
of the first `n`

integers in each of `k`

columns and then transforming those
integers into n sections of a standard uniform distribution. Random values are
then sampled from within each of the n sections. Once the sample is generated,
the uniform sample from a column can be transformed to any distribution by
using the quantile functions, e.g. qnorm(). Different columns can have
different distributions.

Here, values are added to the design one by one such that the maximin criteria is satisfied.

An `n`

by `k`

Latin Hypercube Sample matrix with values uniformly distributed on [0,1]

Rob Carnell

Stein, M. (1987)
Large Sample Properties of Simulations Using Latin Hypercube Sampling.
*Technometrics*.
**29**, 143–151.

This function is motivated by the MATLAB program written by John Burkardt and modified 16 Feb 2005 http://www.csit.fsu.edu/~burkardt/m_src/ihs/ihs.m

`randomLHS`

, `geneticLHS`

,
`improvedLHS`

and
`optimumLHS`

to generate Latin Hypercube Samples.
`optAugmentLHS`

, `optSeededLHS`

, and
`augmentLHS`

to modify and augment existing designs.

1 | ```
maximinLHS(4, 3, 2)
``` |

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