dmultinomial: The Vectorized Multinomial Distribution

Description Usage Arguments Details Examples

Description

Generate multinomially distributed random number vectors and compute multinomial probabilities.

Usage

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dmultinomial(x, size=NULL, prob, log=FALSE)
rmultinomial(n, size, prob)

Arguments

x

vector or matrix of length (or ncol) K of integers in 0:size.

n

number of random vectors to draw.

size

a vector of integers, say N, specifying the total number of objects that are put into K boxes in the typical multinomial experiment. For dmultinom, it defaults to sum(x). The first element correspond to the vector prob or the first row of prob, ...

prob

Numeric non-negative vector of length K, or matrix of size (x x K) specifying the probability for the K classes; is internally normalized to sum 1.

log

Logical; if TRUE, log probabilities are computed.

Details

These functions are the vectorized versions of rmultinom and dmultinom. Recycling is permitted.

Examples

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x <- c(100, 200, 700)
x1 <- matrix(c(100, 200, 700, 200, 100, 700, 700, 200, 100), byrow=TRUE, ncol=3)
p <- c(1, 2, 7)
p1 <- matrix(c(1, 2, 7, 2, 1, 7, 7, 2, 1), byrow=TRUE, ncol=3)
dmultinomial(x1, prob=p) 
## is equivalent to 
c(	dmultinom(x1[1, ], prob=p), 
	dmultinom(x1[2, ], prob=p), 
	dmultinom(x1[3, ], prob=p))

dmultinomial(x1, prob=p1, log=TRUE) 
## is equivalent to 
c(	dmultinom(x1[1, ], prob=p1[1, ], log=TRUE), 
	dmultinom(x1[2, ], prob=p1[2, ], log=TRUE), 
	dmultinom(x1[3, ], prob=p1[3, ], log=TRUE))

dmultinomial(x, prob=p1, log=TRUE)
## is equivalent to 
c(	dmultinom(x, prob=p1[1, ], log=TRUE), 
	dmultinom(x, prob=p1[2, ], log=TRUE), 
	dmultinom(x, prob=p1[3, ], log=TRUE))

prob <- c(1, 2, 7)
rmultinomial(4, 1000, prob)
rmultinomial(4, c(10, 100, 1000, 10000), prob)

## rmultinomial used with mcstoc
## (uncertain size and prob)
s <- mcstoc(rpois, "U", lambda=50)
p <- mcstoc(rdirichlet, "U", nvariates=3, alpha=c(4, 10, 20))
mcstoc(rmultinomial, "VU", nvariates=3, size=s, prob=p)

mc2d documentation built on July 5, 2021, 5:09 p.m.