# percent: Table of Percentages with Percentage Base In memisc: Management of Survey Data and Presentation of Analysis Results

 percent R Documentation

## Table of Percentages with Percentage Base

### Description

`percent` returns a table of percentages along with the percentage base. It will be useful in conjunction with `Aggregate` or `genTable`.

### Usage

``````  percent(x,...)
## Default S3 method:
percent(x,weights=NULL,total=!(se || ci),
se=FALSE,ci=FALSE,ci.level=.95,
total.name="N",perc.label="Percentage",...)
## S3 method for class 'logical'
percent(x,weights=NULL,total=!(se || ci),
se=FALSE,ci=FALSE,ci.level=.95,
total.name="N",perc.label="Percentage",...)
``````

### Arguments

 `x` a numeric vector or factor. `weights` a optional numeric vector of weights of the same length as `x`. `total` logical; should the total sum of counts from which the percentages are computed be included into the output? `se` logical; should standard errors of the percentages be included? `ci` logical; should confidence intervals of the percentages be included? `ci.level` numeric; nominal coverage of confidence intervals `total.name` character; name given for the total sum of counts `perc.label` character; label given for the percentages if the table has more than one dimensions, e.g. if `se` or `ci` is TRUE. `...` for `percent.mresp`: one or several 1-0 vectors or matrices otherwise, further arguments, currently ignored.

### Value

A table of percentages.

### Examples

``````
x <- rnorm(100)
y <- rnorm(100)
z <- rnorm(100)
f <- sample(1:3,100,replace=TRUE)
f <- factor(f,labels=c("a","b","c"))

percent(x>0)
percent(f)

genTable(
cbind(percent(x>0),
percent(y>0),
percent(z>0)) ~ f
)

gt <- genTable(
cbind("x > 0" = percent(x>0,ci=TRUE),
"y > 0" = percent(y>0,ci=TRUE),
"z > 0" = percent(z>0,ci=TRUE)) ~ f
)

ftable(gt,row.vars=3:2,col.vars=1)

ex.data <- expand.grid(mean=c(0,25,50),sd=c(1,10,100))[rep(1:9,rep(250,9)),]
ex.data <- within(ex.data,x <- rnorm(n=nrow(ex.data),mean=ex.data\$mean,sd=ex.data\$sd))
ex.data <- within(ex.data,x.grp <- cases( x < 0,
x >= 0 & x < 50,
x >= 50 & x < 100,
x >= 100
))
genTable(percent(x.grp)~mean+sd,data=ex.data)

Aggregate(percent(Admit,weight=Freq)~Gender+Dept,data=UCBAdmissions)
``````

memisc documentation built on March 31, 2023, 7:29 p.m.