All purpose mondate constructor / coercer.
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mondate(x, displayFormat = getOption("mondate.displayFormat", default = .get.default.displayFormat()), timeunits = getOption("mondate.timeunits", default = .get.default.timeunits()), ...) ## S4 method for signature 'mondate' mondate(x, displayFormat, timeunits, formatFUN, ...) ## S4 method for signature 'numeric' mondate(x, displayFormat, timeunits, ...) ## S4 method for signature 'Date' mondate(x, displayFormat, timeunits, ...) ## S4 method for signature 'POSIXt' mondate(x, displayFormat, timeunits, ...) ## S4 method for signature 'character' mondate(x, displayFormat = "keep", timeunits, format, ...) ## S4 method for signature 'array' mondate(x, displayFormat, timeunits, ...) ## S4 method for signature 'missing' mondate(x, displayFormat, timeunits, ...) ## S4 method for signature 'ANY' mondate(x, displayFormat, timeunits, ...)
an R object to convert to a
character string representing the date format with which to display
character string "months" (default), "years", or "days" indicating the units in which date arithmetic will be carried out.
format function for converting a mondate to character.
In case of conversion from
format string for converting a character to a Date
arguments to be passed to other methods.
Package users can change the default values of
options() with the names
"mondate.displayFormat" and "mondate.timeunits", respectively.
Warning! Use with care!
No checks are performed if and when the options are established.
It is up to the user to ensure the new defaults are valid –
displayFormat must be appropriate for formatting dates in R and
timeunits must be one of
"months", "years", or "days".
See an example below.
signature(x = "mondate")
mondate x, this could be a way to copy a
and perhaps change
in the process.
For any class that extends
use of this method will return the underlying mondate class without
additional slots (if any) of the subclass.
signature(x = "numeric")
numeric x, the simplest case is when
timeunits = "months",
in which case
the value of x and properties
are simply stored.
timeunits = "years" then it
is presumed that the value of x represents the number of years since the
beginning of the millennium,
in which case the value of x is multiplied by 12
and then stored.
timeunits = "days" then it is presumed
that the value of x represents the number of days since the beginning
of the millennium,
in which case the value is calculated using
Note that infinite values of
x are allowed,
helpful in actuarial
longitudinal, and time series modeling.
signature(x = "Date")
signature(x = "POSIXt")
For a date x,
as.POSIXlt is used to convert to an ISO standard date,
from which the number of months of that day since the beginning of the
millennium is calculated.
signature(x = "character")
format is provided, then that format
is used to attempt to convert the character value to a date.
characters are converted to dates using the first format found in the
set of valid formats
that successfully converts the first non-NA entry in
and that format is retained as the
displayFormat of the result unless
the user explicitly provides a value for
The current set of valid formats is
"%m/%d/%Y", "%m-%d-%Y", "%Y-%m-%d", and "%Y/%m/%d".
If any entries of
x do not convert successfully,
those entries get the value
NA and a warning is issued.
format is not provided and
none of the valid formats successfully converts
x to a date,
then as a last resort
the character string is attempted to be coerced to a
numeric and then
signature(x = "factor")
character method is run on
signature(x = "array")
If an object
x is an
then this method enables the
mondate to inherit its shape.
After that, other "signatures" take over.
signature(x = "missing")
Enables the call
mondate() to work.
Useful for prototypes, e.g.
Body of method is simply
signature(x = "ANY")
For any other class of x an attempt will be made to convert
If unsuccessful, an attempt will be made to convert to
if successful, a warning will be issued to check the results
relative to the
numeric conversion, otherwise execution will
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mondate("1-31-2010") # Jan. 31, 2010 mondate(60) # 60 months after 12/31/1999, so Dec. 31, 2004 dat <- as.Date("2010-1-31") (M <- mondate(dat)) # Jan. 31, 2010 x <- 12 * 1:6 mondate(x) # first 6 yearends in 2000's y <- x + 12 mondate(cbind(x,y)) # bounding dates of first 6 years of millennium (y <- mondate(1:6,timeunits="years")) # first 6 yearends, 'years' timeunits # The results of date arithmetic on y will be displayed in "years". # E.g., the differences of y can be calculated as: tail(y,-1) - head(y,-1)# vector of five 1's, with "timeunits" attribute = "years" as.numeric(x) as.numeric(y) # the underlying numeric representations are the same # Demonstrating "infinite" dates y <- c(y,Inf) y # last element shows as Inf tail(y,-1) - head(y,-1)# last element is now infinity # The zoo examples point out a difference between zoo and mondate. # zoo assumes that the zero-th part of a month or quarter is the first # day of the month or quarter, whereas mondate assumes that it is # the instant before the first day of the month or quarter. # Since frac=0 is zoo's as.Date coersion default, a month or quarter in # zoo's sense converts to the end of the first day rather than # the beginning. library(zoo) x <- ts(1:10, frequency = 4, start = c(1959, 2)) # starting 2nd qtr of 1959 x # There is no method for class 'ts' so x is coerced (successfully) # because that class has an as.Date method, but with a warning. # The result is a vector of length 10 representing the close of business # at the end of the first day of each of the given quarters. mondate(x) # The yearmon class will identify any day in June 2010 with that month. as.yearmon("2010-6-15") mondate(as.yearmon("2010-6-15")) # end of first day of June 2010 mondate(as.yearmon("2010-6-15", frac=1)) # end of last day of June 2010 mondate(as.yearqtr("2010-2", frac=1)) # same # The if missing, displayFormat will be determined from the character input x <- mondate("2010-12-31") x # x displays in the input European format # The provided, displayFormat must match the format of the character input # or NA's will result. mondate("2010-12-31", displayFormat = "%m-%d-%Y") # results in NA # Always display x using just the year x <- mondate(as.Date("2012-3-1"), displayFormat="%Y") x # shows as the year 2012, but month and day are nevertheless retained month(x) # 3 day(x) # 1 # Change the default displayFormat to only display the year and month options(mondate.displayFormat = "%Y-%m") y <- mondate(as.Date("2013-12-31")) y # mondate: timeunits="months" #  2013-12 # Previous mondate instances retain their display formats: x # mondate: timeunits="months" #  2012
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