Compute ego/alter edge coordinates considering alter's size and aspect ratio

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Description

Given a graph, vertices' positions and sizes, calculates the absolute positions of the endpoints of the edges considering the plot's aspect ratio.

Usage

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edges_coords(graph, toa, x, y, vertex_cex, undirected = TRUE,
  no_contemporary = TRUE, dev = as.numeric(c()), ran = as.numeric(c()))

Arguments

graph

A square matrix of size n. Adjacency matrix.

toa

Integer vector of size n. Times of adoption.

x

Numeric vector of size n. x-coordinta of vertices.

y

Numeric vector of size n. y-coordinta of vertices.

vertex_cex

Numeric vector of size n. Vertices' sizes in terms of the x-axis (see symbols).

undirected

Logical scalar. Whether the graph is undirected or not.

no_contemporary

Logical scalar. Whether to return (calcular) edges' coordiantes for vertices with the same time of adoption (see details).

dev

Numeric vector of size 2. Height and width of the device (see details).

ran

Numeric vector of size 2. Range of the x and y axis (see details).

Details

In order to make the plot's visualization more appealing, this function provides a straight forward way of computing the tips of the edges considering the aspect ratio of the axes range. In particular, the following corrections are made at the moment of calculating the egdes coords:

  • Instead of using the actual distance between ego and alter, a relative one is calculated as follows

    d'=sqrt[(x0-x1)^2 + (y0'-y1')^2]

    where yi' = yi * [max(x) - min(x)]/[max(y) - min(y)]

  • Then, for the relative elevation angle, alpha, the relative distance d' is used, α' = acos[ (x0 - x1)/d' ]

  • Finally, the edge's endpoint's (alter) coordinates are computed as follows:

    x1' = x1 + cos(α') * v1

    y1' = y1 -+ sin(α')*[max(y) - min(y)]/[max(x) - min(x)]

    Where v1 is alter's size in terms of the x-axis, and the sign of the second term in y1' is negative iff y0<y1.

The same process (with sign inverted) is applied to the edge starting piont. The resulting values, x1',y1' can be used with the function arrows. This is the workhorse function used in plot_threshold.

The dev argument provides a reference to rescale the plot accordingly to the device, and former, considering the size of the margins as well (this can be easily fetched via par("pin"), plot area in inches).

On the other hand, ran provides a reference for the adjustment according to the range of the data, this is range(x)[2] - range(x)[1] and range(y)[2] - range(y)[1] respectively.

Value

A numeric matrix of size m * 5 with the following columns:

x0, y0

Edge origin

x1, y1

Edge target

alpha

Relative angle between (x0,y0) and (x1,y1) in terms of radians

With m as the number of resulting edges.

Examples

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# --------------------------------------------------------------------------
data(medInnovationsDiffNet)
library(sna)

# Computing coordinates
set.seed(79)
coords <- sna::gplot(as.matrix(medInnovationsDiffNet$graph[[1]]))

# Getting edge coordinates
vcex <- rep(1.5, nnodes(medInnovationsDiffNet))
ecoords <- edges_coords(
  medInnovationsDiffNet$graph[[1]],
  diffnet.toa(medInnovationsDiffNet),
  x = coords[,1], y = coords[,2],
  vertex_cex = vcex,
  dev = par("pin")
  )

ecoords <- as.data.frame(ecoords)

# Plotting
symbols(coords[,1], coords[,2], circles=vcex,
  inches=FALSE, xaxs="i", yaxs="i")

with(ecoords, arrows(x0,y0,x1,y1, length=.1))

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