R/smi.R

Defines functions smi.default smi.igraph smi.table smi

Documented in smi smi.default smi.igraph smi.table

#' Segregation Matrix Index
#'
#' Segregation Matrix Index due to Freshtman (1997). A measure of network
#' segregation. Currently (and originally) supports only two groups.
#'
#' The Segregation Matrix Index (SMI) is calculated for every group separately.
#' It compares the density within group to the density of between group ties of
#' nodes belonging to that group.
#'
#' Non-normalized version is the ratio of the within-group density to the
#' between-group density, so vary between 0 and infinity. The normalized
#' version varies between 0 and 1.
#'
#' @param object R object, see Details for available methods
#' @param ... other arguments passed to/from other methods
#'
#' @template mm-igraph-methods
#'
#' @return Numeric vector of length equal to the number of groups in `g`
#'   according to `vattr` with the values of SMI for the groups.
#'
#' @references Freshtman, M. (1997) "Cohesive Group Segregation Detection in a
#'   Social Network by the Segregation Matrix Index", Social Networks,
#'   19:193--207
#'
#' @family segregation measures
#' @export
#'
#' @examples
#' # smi() needs a directed network
#' smi( igraph::as.directed(WhiteKinship, "mutual"), "gender")


smi <- function(object, ...) UseMethod("smi")


#' @rdname smi
#' @param normalize logical, whether normalized values should be returned,
#'   defaults to `TRUE`
#' @export
smi.table <- function(object, normalize=TRUE, ...)
{
  # only directed networks
  stopifnot(length(dim(object)) == 3)
  if( dim(object)[1] != 2 )
      stop("currently 'smi' supports only two groups")
  pmm <- prop.table(object, c(1,2))
  r <- diag( pmm[,,2] ) / pmm[1,2,2]
  if( normalize )
      return( (r - 1) / (r + 1) )
  else return(r)
}



#' @rdname smi
#' @param vattr character, name of the node attribute designating groups
#' @export
smi.igraph <- function(object, vattr, ...)
{
  stopifnot(is.directed(object))
  m <- mixingm(object, rattr=vattr, full=TRUE)
  smi(m, ...)
}






#' @rdname smi
#' @export
smi.default <- function(object, ...)
{
  smi.table(as.table(object), ...)
}

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netseg documentation built on Feb. 17, 2021, 9:06 a.m.