Quantification of Niche Overlap
This function quantifies the degree of niche overlap using the statistics D and I (as proposed by Warren et al., 2008) based on Schoeners D (Schoener, 1968) and Hellinger Distances (van der Vaart, 1998). Niche overlap can be calculated either from the probability surfaces of entire ecological niche models (Warren et al., 2008) or from single dimensions of the climatic niches (Evans et al., 2009).
Might take one of the follwing forms: (1) a data frame containing predicted niche occupancy (PNO) profiles, e.g., as derived by
A matrix of class
"niolap". The upper triangle contains pairwise comparisons of niche overlap in terms of D, whereas the lower triangle contains values of I.
Evans, M. E. K., S. A. Smith, R. S. Flynn, and M. J. Donoghue. 2009. Climate, niche evolution, and diversification of the 'bird-cage evening primroses' (Oenothera, sections Anogra and Kleinia). Am. Nat. 173: 225-240.
Schoener, T.W. 1968. Anolis lizards in Bimini: resource partitioning in a complex fauna. Ecology 49: 704-726.
Van der Vaart, A.W. 1998. Asymptotic statistics. Cambridge University Press, U.K.
Warren, D. L., R. E. Glor, & M. Turelli. 2008. Environmental niche equivalency versus conservatism: quantitative approaches to niche evolution. Evolution 62: 2868-2883.
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