predict.ranger.forest | R Documentation |

Prediction with new data and a saved forest from Ranger.

```
## S3 method for class 'ranger.forest'
predict(
object,
data,
predict.all = FALSE,
num.trees = object$num.trees,
type = "response",
se.method = "infjack",
seed = NULL,
num.threads = NULL,
verbose = TRUE,
inbag.counts = NULL,
...
)
```

`object` |
Ranger |

`data` |
New test data of class |

`predict.all` |
Return individual predictions for each tree instead of aggregated predictions for all trees. Return a matrix (sample x tree) for classification and regression, a 3d array for probability estimation (sample x class x tree) and survival (sample x time x tree). |

`num.trees` |
Number of trees used for prediction. The first |

`type` |
Type of prediction. One of 'response', 'se', 'terminalNodes', 'quantiles' with default 'response'. See below for details. |

`se.method` |
Method to compute standard errors. One of 'jack', 'infjack' with default 'infjack'. Only applicable if type = 'se'. See below for details. |

`seed` |
Random seed. Default is |

`num.threads` |
Number of threads. Default is number of CPUs available. |

`verbose` |
Verbose output on or off. |

`inbag.counts` |
Number of times the observations are in-bag in the trees. |

`...` |
further arguments passed to or from other methods. |

For `type = 'response'`

(the default), the predicted classes (classification), predicted numeric values (regression), predicted probabilities (probability estimation) or survival probabilities (survival) are returned.
For `type = 'se'`

, the standard error of the predictions are returned (regression only). The jackknife-after-bootstrap or infinitesimal jackknife for bagging is used to estimate the standard errors based on out-of-bag predictions. See Wager et al. (2014) for details.
For `type = 'terminalNodes'`

, the IDs of the terminal node in each tree for each observation in the given dataset are returned.

If `type = 'se'`

is selected, the method to estimate the variances can be chosen with `se.method`

. Set `se.method = 'jack'`

for jackknife after bootstrap and `se.method = 'infjack'`

for the infinitesimal jackknife for bagging.

For classification and `predict.all = TRUE`

, a factor levels are returned as numerics.
To retrieve the corresponding factor levels, use `rf$forest$levels`

, if `rf`

is the ranger object.

Object of class `ranger.prediction`

with elements

`predictions` | Predicted classes/values (only for classification and regression) |

`unique.death.times` | Unique death times (only for survival). |

`chf` | Estimated cumulative hazard function for each sample (only for survival). |

`survival` | Estimated survival function for each sample (only for survival). |

`num.trees` | Number of trees. |

`num.independent.variables` | Number of independent variables. |

`treetype` | Type of forest/tree. Classification, regression or survival. |

`num.samples` | Number of samples. |

Marvin N. Wright

Wright, M. N. & Ziegler, A. (2017). ranger: A Fast Implementation of Random Forests for High Dimensional Data in C++ and R. J Stat Softw 77:1-17. \Sexpr[results=rd]{tools:::Rd_expr_doi("10.18637/jss.v077.i01")}.

Wager, S., Hastie T., & Efron, B. (2014). Confidence Intervals for Random Forests: The Jackknife and the Infinitesimal Jackknife. J Mach Learn Res 15:1625-1651. https://jmlr.org/papers/v15/wager14a.html.

`ranger`

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