R/nsim.R

Defines functions nsim

Documented in nsim

#' @title Compute number of simulations required
#' @description The function `nsim` computes the number of simulations \eqn{B}{B} to perform based on the accuracy of an estimate of interest, using the following equation:
#' \deqn{B = \left( \frac{(Z_{1 - \alpha / 2} + Z_{1 - theta}) \sigma}{\delta} \right) ^ 2,}{B = [((Z(1 - \alpha / 2) + Z(1 - \theta)) \sigma) / \delta] ^ 2 }
#' where \eqn{\delta} is the specified level of accuracy of the estimate of interest you are willing to accept (i.e. the permissible difference from the true value \eqn{\beta}{\beta}), \eqn{Z_{1 - \alpha / 2}}{Z(1 - \alpha / 2)} is the \eqn{(1 - \alpha / 2)}{(1 - \alpha / 2)} quantile of the standard normal distribution, \eqn{Z_{1 - \theta}}{Z(1 - \theta)} is the \eqn{(1 - \theta)}{(1 - \theta)} quantile of the standard normal distribution with \eqn{(1 - \theta)}{1 - \theta} being the power to detect a specific difference from the true value as significant, and \eqn{\sigma ^ 2}{\sigma ^ 2]} is the variance of the parameter of interest.
#' @param alpha Significance level. Must be a value between 0 and 1.
#' @param sigma Variance for the parameter of interest. Must be greater than 0.
#' @param delta Specified level of accuracy of the estimate of interest you are willing to accept. Must be greater than 0.
#' @param power Power to detect a specific difference from the true value as significant. Must be a value between 0 and 1. Defaults to 0.5, e.g. a power of 50%.
#' @return A scalar value \eqn{B}{B} representing the number of simulations to perform based on the accuracy required.
#' @export
#' @references Burton, A., Douglas G. Altman, P. Royston. et al. 2006. The design of simulation studies in medical statistics. Statistics in Medicine 25: 4279-4292 \doi{10.1002/sim.2673}
#'
#' @examples
#' # Number of simulations required to produce an estimate to within 5%
#' # accuracy of the true coefficient of 0.349 with a 5% significance level,
#' # assuming the variance of the estimate is 0.0166 and 50% power:
#' nsim(alpha = 0.05, sigma = sqrt(0.0166), delta = 0.349 * 5 / 100, power = 0.5)
#'
#' # Number of simulations required to produce an estimate to within 1%
#' # accuracy of the true coefficient of 0.349 with a 5% significance level,
#' # assuming the variance of the estimate is 0.0166 and 50% power:
#' nsim(alpha = 0.05, sigma = sqrt(0.0166), delta = 0.349 * 1 / 100, power = 0.5)
nsim <- function(alpha, sigma, delta, power = 0.5) {
  ### Check arguments
  arg_checks <- checkmate::makeAssertCollection()

  # 'alpha' and 'power' must be a numeric value between 0 and 1
  checkmate::assert_number(alpha, lower = 0, upper = 1, add = arg_checks)
  checkmate::assert_number(power, lower = 0, upper = 1, add = arg_checks)

  # 'sigma' and 'delta' must be a numeric value
  checkmate::assert_number(sigma, lower = 0, add = arg_checks)
  checkmate::assert_number(delta, lower = 0, add = arg_checks)

  ### Report if there are any errors
  if (!arg_checks$isEmpty()) checkmate::reportAssertions(arg_checks)

  ### Compute B
  B <- (((stats::qnorm(1 - alpha / 2) + stats::qnorm(power)) * sigma) / delta)^2
  return(B)
}

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rsimsum documentation built on Aug. 17, 2022, 5:07 p.m.