spectro3D: 3D-spectrogram of a time wave

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Note Author(s) See Also Examples

View source: R/seewave.r

Description

This function returns a three-dimension spectrographic representation of a time wave. The function corresponds to short-term Fourier transform.

Usage

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spectro3D(wave, f, channel = 1, wl = 512, wn = "hanning", zp = 0,
ovlp = 0, noisereduction = FALSE, norm = TRUE, correction = "none", fftw = FALSE,
dB = "max0", dBref = NULL, plot = TRUE,
magt = 10, magf = 10, maga = 2,
palette = reverse.terrain.colors)

Arguments

wave

an R object.

f

sampling frequency of wave (in Hz). Does not need to be specified if embedded in wave.

channel

channel of the R object, by default left channel (1).

wl

length of the window for the analysis (even number of points).

wn

window name, see ftwindow (by default "hanning").

zp

zero-padding (even number of points), see Details.

ovlp

overlap between two successive windows (in % ).

noisereduction

a logical, if TRUE a noise reduction is applied.

norm

if TRUE the STFT is normalised (i. e. scaled) by its maximum.

correction

a character vector of length 1 to apply an amplitude ("amplitude") or an energy ("energy") correction to the FT window. This argument is useful only when one wish to obtain absolute values that is when norm=FALSE, scaled=FALSE, and PMF=FALSE. By default no correction is applied ("none").

fftw

if TRUE calls the function FFT of the library fftw. See Notes of the spectro.

dB

a character string specifying the type dB to return: "max0" for a maximum dB value at 0, "A", "B", "C", "D", and "ITU" for common dB weights.

dBref

a dB reference value when dB is TRUE. NULL by default but should be set to 2*10e-5 for a 20 microPa reference.

plot

logical, if TRUE plots the spectrogram (by default TRUE).

magt

magnification of the time axis.

magf

magnification of the frequency axis.

maga

magnification of the amplitude axis.

palette

a color palette function to be used to assign colors in the plot, see Details.

Details

Following Heisenberg uncertainty principle, the short-term Fourier transform cannot be precised in both time and frequency. The temporal and frequency precisions of the function are actually dependent of the wl value. Choosing a high wl value will increase the frequency resolution but reduce the temporal one, and vice versa. The frequency precision is obtained by calculating the ratio f/wl, and the temporal precision is obtained by calculating the reverse ratio wl/f. This problem can be reduced in some way with zp that adds 0 values on both sides of the analysis window. This increases frequency resolution without altering time resolution.
Any colour palette can be used. In particular, it is possible to use other palettes coming with seewave: reverse.gray.colors.1, reverse.gray.colors.2, spectro.colors, temp.colors, reverse.heat.colors, reverse.cm.colors, reverse.topo.colors, corresponding to the reverse of heat.colors,topo.colors, cm.colors.
Use magt, magf and maga to resize the plot.

Value

This function returns a list of three items:

time

a numeric vector corresponding to the time axis.

freq

a numeric vector corresponding to the frequency axis.

amp

a numeric matrix corresponding to the amplitude values. Each column is a Fourier transform of length wl/2.

Note

This function requires rgl and is based on fft. See examples of spectro for analysis arguments (wl,zp, ovlp).

Author(s)

Jerome Sueur sueur@mnhn.fr and Caroline Simonis csimonis@mnhn.fr.

See Also

spectro, ggspectro, lts, dynspec, wf, fft.

Examples

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## Not run: 
require(rgl)
data(tico)
spectro3D(tico,f=22050,wl=512,ovlp=75,zp=16,maga=4,palette=reverse.terrain.colors)
# linear amplitude scale without a normisation of the STFT matrix
# time and frequency scales need to be dramatically amplified
spectro3D(tico, norm=FALSE, dB=NULL, magt=100000, magf=100000)

## End(Not run)

seewave documentation built on July 14, 2021, 5:10 p.m.

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