cset: Customizable sets

Description Usage Arguments Details References See Also Examples

View source: R/cset.R

Description

Creation and manipulation of customizable sets.

Usage

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
cset(gset,
     orderfun = sets_options("orderfun"),
     matchfun = sets_options("matchfun"))
cset_support(x)
cset_core(x, na.rm = FALSE)
cset_peak(x, na.rm = FALSE)
cset_height(x, na.rm = FALSE)
cset_memberships(x, filter = NULL)
cset_universe(x)
cset_bound(x)

cset_transform_memberships(x, FUN, ...)
cset_concentrate(x)
cset_dilate(x)
cset_normalize(x, height = 1)
cset_defuzzify(x,
               method = c("meanofmax", "smallestofmax",
                          "largestofmax", "centroid"))

matchfun(FUN)

cset_orderfun(x)
cset_matchfun(x)
cset_orderfun(x) <- value
cset_matchfun(x) <- value

as.cset(x)
is.cset(x)

cset_is_empty(x, na.rm = FALSE)
cset_is_subset(x, y, na.rm = FALSE)
cset_is_proper_subset(x, y, na.rm = FALSE)
cset_is_equal(x, y, na.rm = FALSE)
cset_contains_element(x, e)

cset_is_set(x, na.rm = FALSE)
cset_is_multiset(x, na.rm = FALSE)
cset_is_fuzzy_set(x, na.rm = FALSE)
cset_is_set_or_multiset(x, na.rm = FALSE)
cset_is_set_or_fuzzy_set(x, na.rm = FALSE)
cset_is_fuzzy_multiset(x)
cset_is_crisp(x, na.rm = FALSE)
cset_has_missings(x)

cset_cardinality(x, type = c("absolute", "relative"), na.rm = FALSE)
cset_union(...)
cset_mean(x, y, type = c("arithmetic", "geometric", "harmonic"))
cset_product(...)
cset_difference(...)
cset_intersection(...)
cset_symdiff(...)
cset_complement(x, y)
cset_power(x)
cset_cartesian(...)
cset_combn(x, m)

## S3 method for class 'cset'
cut(x, level = 1, type = c("alpha", "nu"), strict = FALSE, ...)
## S3 method for class 'cset'
mean(x, ..., na.rm = FALSE)

## S3 method for class 'cset'
## median(x, na.rm = FALSE, ...)     [R >= 3.4.0]
## median(x, na.rm)                  [R < 3.4.0]
## S3 method for class 'cset'
length(x)
## S3 method for class 'cset'
lengths(x, use.names = TRUE)

Arguments

x

For as.cset() and is.cset(): an R object. A (c)set object otherwise.

y

A (c)set object.

gset

A generalized set (or some other R object coercible to it).

matchfun

A function for matching similar elements, comparable to match, taking two arguments: x (vector of elements to be matched) and table (vector of elements to be matched against). The return value is an integer vector of the matching positions (or NA if there is no match). Note that the default behavior is to test for identity.

FUN

A predicate testing for equality of two objects.

orderfun

A function taking a list and returning an integer vector, specifying the order in which an iterator processes the set elements. Alternatively, the index vector can be specified directly.

value

A new match function (order function).

type

For gset_cardinality(): cardinality type (either "absolute" or "relative"). For gset_mean(): mean type ("arithmetic", "geometric", or "harmonic"). For "cut": either "alpha" or "nu".

strict

Logical indicating whether the cut level must be exceeded strictly (“greater than”) or not (“greater than or equal”).

height

Double from the unit interval for scaling memberships.

e

An object of class element.

filter

Optional vector of elements to be filtered.

m

Number of elements to choose.

method

Currently, only "Jaccard" is implemented.

level

The minimum membership level.

use.names

logical; should the names of x be used in the result?

na.rm

logical indicating whether NA values should be removed.

...

For cset_foo(): (c)set objects. For the mean and sort methods: additional parameters internally passed to mean and order, respectively. For gset_transform_memberships: further arguments passed to FUN. For cut: currently not used.

Details

Customizable sets extend generalized sets in two ways: First, users can control the way elements are matched, i.e., define equivalence classes of elements. Second, an order function (or permutation index) can be specified for each set for changing the order in which iterators such as as.list process the elements. The latter in particular influences the labeling and print methods for customizable sets.

The match function needs to be vectorized in a similar way than match. matchfun can be used to create such a function from a “simple” predicate testing for equality (such as, e.g., identical). Make sure, however, to create the same function only once.

Note that operations on customizable sets require the same match function for all sets involved. The order function can differ, but will then be stripped from the result.

sets_options can be used to conveniently switch the default match and/or order function if a number of cset objects need to be created.

References

D. Meyer and K. Hornik (2009), Generalized and customizable sets in R, Journal of Statistical Software 31(2), 1–27. http://www.jstatsoft.org/v31/i02/

See Also

set for (“ordinary”) sets, gset for generalized sets, cset_outer, and tuple for tuples (“vectors”).

Examples

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
## default behavior of sets: matching of elements is very strict
## Note that on most systems, 3.3 - 2.2 != 1.1
x <- set("1", 1L, 1, 3.3 - 2.2, 1.1)
print(x)

y <- set(1, 1.1, 2L, "2")
print(y)
1L %e% y

set_union(x, y)
set_intersection(x, y)
set_complement(x, y)

## Now use the more sloppy match()-function. 
## Note that 1 == "1" == 1L ...
X <- cset(x, matchfun = match)
print(X)
Y <- cset(y, matchfun = match)
print(Y)
1L %e% Y

cset_union(X, Y)
cset_intersection(X, Y)
cset_complement(X, Y)

## Same using all.equal().
## This is a non-vectorized predicate, so use matchfun
## to generate a vectorized version:
FUN <- matchfun(function(x, y) isTRUE(all.equal(x, y)))
X <- cset(x, matchfun = FUN)
print(X)
Y <- cset(y, matchfun = FUN)
print(Y)
1L %e% Y

cset_union(X, Y)
cset_intersection(X, Y)
cset_complement(X, Y)

### change default functions via set_option
sets_options("matchfun", match)
cset(x)
cset(y)

cset(1:3) <= cset(c(1,2,3))

### restore package defaults
sets_options("matchfun", NULL)

### customized order function
FUN <- function(x) order(as.character(x), decreasing = TRUE)
Z <- cset(letters[1:5], orderfun = FUN)
print(Z)
as.character(Z)

## converter for ordered factors keeps order
o <- ordered(c("a", "b", "a"), levels = c("b", "a"))
as.set(o)
as.cset(o)

## converter for other data types keep order if the elements are unique:
as.cset(c("A", "quick", "brown", "fox"))
as.cset(c("A", "quick", "brown", "fox", "quick"))

sets documentation built on May 1, 2019, 9:18 p.m.