createData: Create data from a set of drawn parameters.

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) References Examples

View source: R/createData.R

Description

This function can be used to create data from a set of parameters created from draw, called a codeparamSet. This function is used internally to create data, and is available publicly for accessibility and debugging.

Usage

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createData(paramSet, n, indDist=NULL, sequential=FALSE, facDist=NULL, 
errorDist=NULL, saveLatentVar = FALSE, indLab=NULL, facLab = NULL, 
modelBoot=FALSE, realData=NULL, covData=NULL, empirical = FALSE)

Arguments

paramSet

Set of drawn parameters from draw.

n

Integer of desired sample size.

indDist

A SimDataDist object or list of objects for a distribution of indicators. If one object is passed, each indicator will have the same distribution. Use when sequential is FALSE.

sequential

If TRUE, use a sequential method to create data such that the data from factor are generated first and apply to a set of equations to obtain the data of indicators. If FALSE, create data directly from model-implied mean and covariance of indicators.

facDist

A SimDataDist object or list of objects for the distribution of factors. If one object is passed, all factors will have the same distribution. Use when sequential is TRUE.

errorDist

An object or list of objects of type SimDataDist indicating the distribution of errors. If a single SimDataDist is specified, each error will be genrated with that distribution.

saveLatentVar

If TRUE, the total latent variable scores, residual latent variable scores, and measurement error scores are also provided as the "latentVar" attribute of the generated data by the following line: attr(generatedData, "latentVar"). The sequential argument must be TRUE in order to use this option.

indLab

A vector of indicator labels. When not specified, the variable names are x1, x2, ... xN.

facLab

A vector of factor labels. When not specified, the variable names are f1, f2, ... fN.

modelBoot

When specified, a model-based bootstrap is used for data generation. See details for further information. This argument requires real data to be passed to readData.

realData

A data.frame containing real data. The data generated will follow the distribution of this data set.

covData

A data.frame containing covariate data, which can have any distributions. This argument is required when users specify GA or KA matrices in the model template (SimSem).

empirical

Logical. If TRUE, the specified parameters are treated as sample statistics and data are created to get the specified sample statistics. This argument is applicable when multivariate normal distribution is specified only.

Details

This function will use the modified mvrnorm function (from the MASS package) by Paul E. Johnson to create data from model implied covariance matrix if the data distribution object (SimDataDist) is not specified. The modified function is just a small modification from the original mvrnorm function such that the data generated with the sample sizes of n and n + k (where k > 0) will be replicable in the first n rows.

It the data distribution object is specified, either the copula model or the Vale and Maurelli's method is used. For the copula approach, if the copula argument is not specified in the data distribution object, the naive Gaussian copula is used. The correlation matrix is direct applied to the multivariate Gaussian copula. The correlation matrix will be equivalent to the Spearman's correlation (rank correlation) of the resulting data. If the copula argument is specified, such as ellipCopula, normalCopula, or archmCopula, the data-transformation method from Mair, Satorra, and Bentler (2012) is used. In brief, the data (X) are created from the multivariate copula. The covariance from the generated data is used as the starting point (S). Then, the target data (Y) with the target covariance as model-implied covariance matrix (Σ_0) can be created:

Y = XS^{-1/2}Σ^{1/2}_0.

See bindDist for further details. For the Vale and Maurelli's (1983) method, the code is brought from the lavaan package.

For the model-based bootstrap, the transformation proposed by Yung & Bentler (1996) is used. This procedure is the expansion from the Bollen and Stine (1992) bootstrap including a mean structure. The model-implied mean vector and covariance matrix with trivial misspecification will be used in the model-based bootstrap if misspec is specified. See page 133 of Bollen and Stine (1992) for a reference.

Internally, parameters are first drawn, and data is then created from these parameters. Both of these steps are available via the draw and createData functions respectively.

Value

A data.frame containing simulated data from the data generation template. A variable "group" is appended indicating group membership.

Author(s)

Sunthud Pornprasertmanit ([email protected]), Patrick Miller (University of Notre Dame; [email protected]). The original code of mvrnorm function is based on the MASS package slightly modified by Paul E. Johnson. The code for data-transformation in multivariate copula is based on Mair et al. (2012) article. The code for Vale and Maurelli (1983) is slightly modified from the function provided in the lavaan package.

References

Bollen, K. A., & Stine, R. A. (1992). Bootstrapping goodness-of-fit measures in structural equation models. Sociological Methods and Research, 21, 205-229.

Mair, P., Satorra, A., & Bentler, P. M. (2012). Generating nonnormal multivariate data using copulas: Applications to SEM. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 47, 547-565.

Vale, C. D. & Maurelli, V. A. (1983) Simulating multivariate nonormal distributions. Psychometrika, 48, 465-471.

Yung, Y.-F., & Bentler, P. M. (1996). Bootstrapping techniques in analysis of mean and covariance structures. In G. A. Marcoulides & R. E. Schumacker (Eds.), Advanced structural equation modeling: Issues and techniques (pp. 195-226). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Examples

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loading <- matrix(0, 6, 2)
loading[1:3, 1] <- NA
loading[4:6, 2] <- NA
LY <- bind(loading, 0.7)

latent.cor <- matrix(NA, 2, 2)
diag(latent.cor) <- 1
RPS <- binds(latent.cor, 0.5)

RTE <- binds(diag(6))

VY <- bind(rep(NA,6),2)

CFA.Model <- model(LY = LY, RPS = RPS, RTE = RTE, modelType = "CFA")

# Draw a parameter set for data generation.
param <- draw(CFA.Model)

# Generate data from the first group in the paramList.
dat <- createData(param[[1]], n = 200) 

Example output

Loading required package: lavaan
This is lavaan 0.5-23.1097
lavaan is BETA software! Please report any bugs.
 
###############################################################################################
This is simsem 0.5-13
simsem is BETA software! Please report any bugs.
simsem was developed at the University of Kansas Center for Research Methods and Data Analysis.
###############################################################################################

simsem documentation built on May 29, 2017, 10:40 a.m.

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