Poverty measurements of elderly people (older than the Swiss legal retirement age) in Switzerland. The data are the (complete) subsample of participants of the canton Valais of the Vivre-Leben-Vivere (VLV) survey data.
A data frame with 576 observations on the following variables
binary response variable on whether the person is considered as poor or not. 0 = no and 1 = yes.
the canton where the person lives. All individuals origin from the canton Wallis.
whether person is a male or a female.
to which age group the person belongs to.
ordered 3-category measurement on the persons education.
number of children.
whether the person is still working (even though all persons are in the legal retirement age).
5-category classification of the person's first job.
5-category classification of the person's last job.
whether the person origins from Switzerland or a foreign country.
whether and how the person has changed his social status over the life span.
timing of the retirement relative to the legal retirement age.
4-category classification of the professional
carrier. Possible are
"missing / early retirement",
"start and stop" and
"stop and restart". The classification was retrieved from a
longitudinal cluster analysis on the professional carriers in
Gabriel et. al. (2014).
5-category classification of the pension plan. Number refer to the Swiss pension three-pillar system.
timing of first child relative to the average timing of the first child of the same age group.
Poverty is defined by a threshold of 2400 Swiss francs per person in
the household. Specifically, the
poverty variable was retrieved
from a self-rated ordinal variable with nine categories on household
income and was adjusted by the OECD equivalence scales methodology
to account for the household size.
represent the stratification variables of the survey design.
The data include a significant number of missings, in particular for
RetirTiming. The authors are grateful to
Rainer Gabriel, Michel Oris and the Centre interfacultaire de
gerontologie et d'etudes des vulnerabilites (CIGEV) at the
University of Geneva for providing the prepared data set.
VLV survey, see also http://cigev.unige.ch/recherches/vlv.html
Ludwig, C., S. Cavalli and M. Oris ‘Vivre/Leben/Vivere’: An interdisciplinary survey addressing progress and inequalities of ageing over the past 30 years in Switzerland. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics.
Gabriel, R., M. Oris, M. Studer and M. Baeriswyl (2015). The Persistance of Social Stratification? Swiss Journal of Sociology, 41(3), 465–487.
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