stub_request: Stub an http request

View source: R/stub_request.R

stub_requestR Documentation

Stub an http request

Description

Stub an http request

Usage

stub_request(method = "get", uri = NULL, uri_regex = NULL)

Arguments

method

(character) HTTP method, one of "get", "post", "put", "patch", "head", "delete", "options" - or the special "any" (for any method)

uri

(character) The request uri. Can be a full or partial uri. webmockr can match uri's without the "http" scheme, but does not match if the scheme is "https". required, unless uri_regex given. See UriPattern for more. See the "uri vs. uri_regex" section

uri_regex

(character) A URI represented as regex. required, if uri not given. See examples and the "uri vs. uri_regex" section

Details

Internally, this calls StubbedRequest which handles the logic

See stub_registry() for listing stubs, stub_registry_clear() for removing all stubs and remove_request_stub() for removing specific stubs

If multiple stubs match the same request, we use the first stub. So if you want to use a stub that was created after an earlier one that matches, remove the earlier one(s).

Note on wi_th(): If you pass query values are coerced to character class in the recorded stub. You can pass numeric, integer, etc., but all will be coerced to character.

See wi_th() for details on request body/query/headers and to_return() for details on how response status/body/headers are handled

Value

an object of class StubbedRequest, with print method describing the stub.

uri vs. uri_regex

When you use uri, we compare the URIs without query params AND also the query params themselves without the URIs.

When you use uri_regex we don't compare URIs and query params; we just use your regex string defined in uri_regex as the pattern for a call to grepl

Mocking writing to disk

See mocking-disk-writing

Note

Trailing slashes are dropped from stub URIs before matching

See Also

wi_th(), to_return(), to_timeout(), to_raise(), mock_file()

Examples

## Not run: 
# basic stubbing
stub_request("get", "https://httpbin.org/get")
stub_request("post", "https://httpbin.org/post")

# any method, use "any"
stub_request("any", "https://httpbin.org/get")

# list stubs
stub_registry()

# request headers
stub_request("get", "https://httpbin.org/get") %>%
   wi_th(headers = list('User-Agent' = 'R'))

# request body
stub_request("post", "https://httpbin.org/post") %>%
   wi_th(body = list(foo = 'bar'))
stub_registry()
library(crul)
x <- crul::HttpClient$new(url = "https://httpbin.org")
crul::mock()
x$post('post', body = list(foo = 'bar'))

# add expectation with to_return
stub_request("get", "https://httpbin.org/get") %>%
  wi_th(
    query = list(hello = "world"),
    headers = list('User-Agent' = 'R')) %>%
  to_return(status = 200, body = "stuff", headers = list(a = 5))

# list stubs again
stub_registry()

# regex
stub_request("get", uri_regex = ".+ample\\..")

# set stub an expectation to timeout
stub_request("get", "https://httpbin.org/get") %>% to_timeout()
x <- crul::HttpClient$new(url = "https://httpbin.org")
res <- x$get('get')

# raise exception
library(fauxpas)
stub_request("get", "https://httpbin.org/get") %>% to_raise(HTTPAccepted)
stub_request("get", "https://httpbin.org/get") %>% to_raise(HTTPAccepted, HTTPGone)

x <- crul::HttpClient$new(url = "https://httpbin.org")
stub_request("get", "https://httpbin.org/get") %>% to_raise(HTTPBadGateway)
crul::mock()
x$get('get')

# pass a list to .list
z <- stub_request("get", "https://httpbin.org/get")
wi_th(z, .list = list(query = list(foo = "bar")))

# just body
stub_request("any", uri_regex = ".+") %>%
   wi_th(body = list(foo = 'bar'))
## with crul
library(crul)
x <- crul::HttpClient$new(url = "https://httpbin.org")
crul::mock()
x$post('post', body = list(foo = 'bar'))
x$put('put', body = list(foo = 'bar'))
## with httr
library(httr)
httr_mock()
POST('https://example.com', body = list(foo = 'bar'))
PUT('https://google.com', body = list(foo = 'bar'))


# just headers
headers <- list(
  'Accept-Encoding' = 'gzip, deflate', 
  'Accept' = 'application/json, text/xml, application/xml, */*')
stub_request("any", uri_regex = ".+") %>% wi_th(headers = headers)
library(crul)
x <- crul::HttpClient$new(url = "https://httpbin.org", headers = headers)
crul::mock()
x$post('post')
x$put('put', body = list(foo = 'bar'))
x$get('put', query = list(stuff = 3423234L))

# many responses
## the first response matches the first to_return call, and so on
stub_request("get", "https://httpbin.org/get") %>% 
  to_return(status = 200, body = "foobar", headers = list(a = 5)) %>% 
  to_return(status = 200, body = "bears", headers = list(b = 6))
con <- crul::HttpClient$new(url = "https://httpbin.org")
con$get("get")$parse("UTF-8")
con$get("get")$parse("UTF-8")

## OR, use times with to_return() to repeat the same response many times
library(fauxpas)
stub_request("get", "https://httpbin.org/get") %>% 
  to_return(status = 200, body = "apple-pie", times = 2) %>% 
  to_raise(HTTPUnauthorized)
con <- crul::HttpClient$new(url = "https://httpbin.org")
con$get("get")$parse("UTF-8")
con$get("get")$parse("UTF-8")
con$get("get")$parse("UTF-8")

# clear all stubs
stub_registry()
stub_registry_clear()

## End(Not run)

webmockr documentation built on Aug. 29, 2022, 1:07 a.m.