# rowNorms: Compute Norms of Row and Column Vectors of a Matrix... In wordspace: Distributional Semantic Models in R

 rowNorms R Documentation

## Compute Norms of Row and Column Vectors of a Matrix (wordspace)

### Description

Efficiently compute the norms of all row or column vectors of a dense or sparse matrix.

### Usage

```
rowNorms(M, method = "euclidean", p = 2)

colNorms(M, method = "euclidean", p = 2)

```

### Arguments

 `M` a dense or sparse numeric matrix `method` norm to be computed (see “Norms” below for details) `p` exponent of the `minkowski` p-norm, a numeric value in the range 1 ≤ p ≤ ∞. Values 0 ≤ p < 1 are also permitted as an extension but do not correspond to a proper mathematical norm (see details below).

### Value

A numeric vector containing one norm value for each row or column of `M`.

### Norms

Given a row or column vector x, the following length measures can be computed:

`euclidean`

The Euclidean norm given by

|x|_2 = sqrt( SUM(i) (x_i)^2 )

`maximum`

The maximum norm given by

|x|_Inf = MAX(i) |x_i|

`manhattan`

The Manhattan norm given by

|x|_1 = SUM(i) |x_i|

`minkowski`

The Minkowski (or L_p) norm given by

|x|_p = [ SUM(i) |x_i|^p ]^(1/p)

for p ≥ 1. The Euclidean (p = 2) and Manhattan (p = 1) norms are special cases, and the maximum norm corresponds to the limit for p -> Inf.

As an extension, values in the range 0 ≤ p < 1 are also allowed and compute the length measure

|x|_p = SUM(i) |x_i|^p

For 0 < p < 1 this formula defines a p-norm, which has the property |r * x| = |r|^p * |x| for any scalar factor r instead of being homogeneous. For p = 0, it computes the Hamming length, i.e. the number of nonzero elements in the vector x.

### Author(s)

Stephanie Evert (https://purl.org/stephanie.evert)

`dist.matrix`, `normalize.rows`

### Examples

```
rowNorms(DSM_TermContextMatrix, "manhattan")

# fast and memory-friendly nonzero counts with "Hamming length"
rowNorms(DSM_TermContextMatrix, "minkowski", p=0)
colNorms(DSM_TermContextMatrix, "minkowski", p=0)
sum(colNorms(DSM_TermContextMatrix, "minkowski", p=0)) # = nnzero(DSM_TermContextMatrix)
```

wordspace documentation built on Aug. 23, 2022, 1:06 a.m.