yearmon | R Documentation |

`"yearmon"`

is a class for representing monthly data.

yearmon(x)

`x` |
numeric (interpreted as being “in years”). |

The `"yearmon"`

class is used to represent monthly data. Internally it holds
the data as year plus 0 for January, 1/12 for February, 2/12 for March
and so on in order that its internal representation is the same as
`ts`

class with `frequency = 12`

. If `x`

is not in this
format it is rounded via `floor(12*x + .0001)/12`

.

There are coercion methods available for various classes including:
default coercion to `"yearmon"`

(which coerces to `"numeric"`

first)
and coercions to and from `"yearmon"`

to `"Date"`

(see below),
`"POSIXct"`

,
`"POSIXlt"`

, `"numeric"`

, `"character"`

and `"jul"`

.
The last one is from the `"tis"`

package available on CRAN.
In the case of `as.yearmon.POSIXt`

the conversion is with respect to
GMT. (Use `as.yearmon(format(...))`

for other time zones.)
In the case of
`as.yearmon.character`

the `format`

argument uses the same
percent code as
`"Date"`

. These are described in `strptime`

. Unlike
`"Date"`

one can specify a year and month with no day.
Default formats of `"%Y-%m"`

, `"%Y-%m-%d"`

and `"%b %Y"`

.

There is an `is.numeric`

method which returns `FALSE`

.

`as.Date.yearmon`

and `as.yearmon.yearqtr`

each has an optional
second argument of `"frac"`

which is a number between 0 and 1 inclusive
that indicates the fraction of the way through the period that the result
represents. The default is 0 which means the beginning of the period.

There is also a `date`

method for `as.yearmon`

usable with objects
created with package `date`

.

`Sys.yearmon()`

returns the current year/month and methods for
`min`

, `max`

and `range`

are defined (by defining
a method for `Summary`

).

A `yearmon`

`mean`

method is also defined.

Returns its argument converted to class `yearmon`

.

`yearqtr`

, `zoo`

, `zooreg`

, `ts`

Sys.setenv(TZ = "GMT") x <- as.yearmon(2000 + seq(0, 23)/12) x as.yearmon("mar07", "%b%y") as.yearmon("2007-03-01") as.yearmon("2007-12") # returned Date is the fraction of the way through # the period given by frac (= 0 by default) as.Date(x) as.Date(x, frac = 1) as.POSIXct(x) # given a Date, x, return the Date of the next Friday nextfri <- function(x) 7 * ceiling(as.numeric(x - 1)/7) + as.Date(1) # given a Date, d, return the same Date in the following month # Note that as.Date.yearmon gives first Date of the month. d <- as.Date("2005-1-1") + seq(0,90,30) next.month <- function(d) as.Date(as.yearmon(d) + 1/12) + as.numeric(d - as.Date(as.yearmon(d))) next.month(d) # 3rd Friday in last month of the quarter of Date x as.Date(as.yearmon(as.yearqtr(x)) + 2/12) + 14 suppressWarnings(RNGversion("3.5.0")) set.seed(1) z <- zoo(rnorm(24), x, frequency = 12) z as.ts(z) ## convert data fram to multivariate monthly "ts" series ## 1.read raw data Lines.raw <- "ID Date Count 123 20 May 1999 1 123 21 May 1999 3 222 1 Feb 2000 2 222 3 Feb 2000 4 " DF <- read.table(text = Lines.raw, skip = 1, col.names = c("ID", "d", "b", "Y", "Count")) ## 2. fix raw date DF$yearmon <- as.yearmon(paste(DF$b, DF$Y), "%b %Y") ## 3. aggregate counts over months, convert to zoo and merge over IDs ag <- function(DF) aggregate(zoo(DF$Count), DF$yearmon, sum) z <- do.call("merge.zoo", lapply(split(DF, DF$ID), ag)) ## 4. convert to "zooreg" and then to "ts" frequency(z) <- 12 as.ts(z) xx <- zoo(seq_along(x), x) ## aggregating over year as.year <- function(x) as.numeric(floor(as.yearmon(x))) aggregate(xx, as.year, mean)

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