corRExpwr2: Non-Separable Powered Exponential Spatio-Temporal Correlation...

Description Usage Arguments Value Note Author(s) References See Also Examples

Description

This function is a constructor for the 'corRExpwr2' class, representing a non-separable spatial correlation structure. Letting rs denote the spatial range, ps the spatial shape, rt the temporal range, pt the temporal shape, and lambda the space-time interaction, the correlation between two observations a distance d apart in space and t in time is exp(-(d/rs)^ps - (t/rt)^pt - lambda * (d/rs)^ps * (t/rt)^pt).

Usage

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   corRExpwr2(value = numeric(0), form = ~ 1,
              metric = c("euclidean", "maximum", "manhattan", "haversine"),
              radius = 3956)

Arguments

value

optional numeric vector of five parameter values for the powered exponential correlation structure, corresponding to the “spatial range”, “spatial shape”, “temporal range”, “temporal shape”, and “space-time interaction”. The range parameter values must be greater than zero, the shapes in the interval (0, 2], and the interaction greater than or equal to zero. Defaults to numeric(0), which results in ranges of 90% of the minimum distances, shapes of 1, and an interaction of 0 being assigned to the parameters when object is initialized.

form

one-sided formula of the form ~ S1+...+Sp+T, specifying spatial covariates S1 through Sp and the times T at which measurement were taken.

metric

optional character string specifying the distance metric to be used. The currently available options are "euclidean" for the root sum-of-squares of distances; "maximum" for the maximum difference; "manhattan" for the sum of the absolute differences; and "haversine" for the great-circle distance (miles) between longitude/latitude coordinates. Partial matching of arguments is used, so only the first three characters need to be provided. Defaults to "euclidean".

radius

radius to be used in the haversine formula for great-circle distance. Defaults to the Earth's radius of 3,956 miles.

Value

Object of class 'corRExpwr2', inheriting from class 'corRSpatioTemporal', representing a non-separable spatial correlation structure.

Note

When "haversine" is used as the distance metric, longitude and latitude coordinates must be given as the first and second covariates, respectively, in the formula specification for the form argument.

Author(s)

Brian Smith [email protected]

References

Cressie, N. and Huang, H.-C. (1993) “Classes of Nonseperable, Spatio-Temporal Stationary Covariance Functions”, Journal of the American Statistical Association, 94, 1330-1340.

Gneiting, T. (2002) “Nonseparable, stationary covariance functions for space-time data”, Journal of the American Statistical Association, 97, 590-600.

See Also

corRClasses

Examples

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sp1 <- corRExpwr2(form = ~ x + y + t)

spatDat <- data.frame(x = (0:4)/4, y = (0:4)/4, t=(0:4)/4)

cs1Expwr <- corRExpwr2(c(1, 1, 1, 1, 1), form = ~ x + y + t)
cs1Expwr <- Initialize(cs1Expwr, spatDat)
corMatrix(cs1Expwr)

cs2Expwr <- corRExpwr2(c(1, 1, 1, 1, 1), form = ~ x + y + t, metric = "man")
cs2Expwr <- Initialize(cs2Expwr, spatDat)
corMatrix(cs2Expwr)

brian-j-smith/ramps documentation built on May 12, 2019, 5:44 a.m.