CRS-class: Class "CRS" of coordinate reference system arguments

Description Usage Arguments Value Objects from the Class Slots Methods Note Author(s) References Examples

Description

Interface class to the PROJ.4 projection system. The class is defined as an empty stub accepting value NA in the sp package. If the rgdal package is available, then the class will permit spatial data to be associated with coordinate reference systems. The arguments must be entered exactly as in the PROJ.4 documentation, in particular there cannot be any white space in +<arg>=<value> strings, and successive such strings can only be separated by blanks. Note that only “+proj=longlat +ellps=WGS84” is accepted for geographical coordinates, which must be ordered (eastings, northings); the “+ellps=” definition must be given (or expanded internally from a given “+datum=” value) for recent versions of the PROJ.4 library, and should be set to an appropriate value.

Usage

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CRS(projargs)
identicalCRS(x,y)

Arguments

projargs

A character string of projection arguments; the arguments must be entered exactly as in the PROJ.4 documentation; if the projection is unknown, use as.character(NA), it may be missing or an empty string of zero length and will then set to the missing value.

x

object having a proj4string method, or if y is missing, list with objects that have a proj4string method

y

object of class Spatial, or having a proj4string method

Value

CRS returns on success an object of class CRS. identicalCRS returns a logical, indicating whether x and y have identical CRS, or if y is missing whether all objects in list x have identical CRS.

Objects from the Class

Objects can be created by calls of the form CRS("projargs"), where "projargs" is a valid string of PROJ.4 arguments. The initiation function calls the PROJ.4 library to verify the argument set against those known in the library, returning error messages where necessary. The function CRSargs() can be used to show the expanded argument list used by the PROJ.4 library.

Slots

projargs:

Object of class "character": projection arguments; the arguments must be entered exactly as in the PROJ.4 documentation, in particular there cannot be any white space in +<arg>=<value> strings, and successive such strings can only be separated by blanks.

Methods

show

signature(object = "CRS"): print projection arguments in object

Note

Lists of projections may be seen by using the programs installed with the PROJ.4 library, in particular proj and cs2cs; with the latter, -lp lists projections, -le ellipsoids, -lu units, and -ld datum(s) known to the installed software (available in rgdal using projInfo). These are added to in successive releases, so tracking the website or compiling and installing the most recent revisions will give the greatest choice. Finding the very important datum transformation parameters to be given with the +towgs84 tag is a further challenge, and is essential when the datums used in data to be used together differ. Tracing projection arguments is easier now than before the mass ownership of GPS receivers raised the issue of matching coordinates from different argument sets (GPS output and paper map, for example).

Author(s)

Roger Bivand [email protected]

References

http://trac.osgeo.org/proj/

Examples

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CRS()
CRS("")
CRS(as.character(NA))
CRS("+proj=longlat +datum=WGS84")
if (require(rgdal)) {
  print(CRSargs(CRS("+proj=longlat +datum=NAD27")))
  print(CRSargs(CRS("+init=epsg:4267")))
  print(CRSargs(CRS("+init=epsg:26978")))
  print(CRSargs(CRS(paste("+proj=sterea +lat_0=52.15616055555555",
 "+lon_0=5.38763888888889 +k=0.999908 +x_0=155000 +y_0=463000 +ellps=bessel",
 " +towgs84=565.237,50.0087,465.658,-0.406857,0.350733,-1.87035,4.0812 +units=m"))))
  print(CRSargs(CRS("+init=epsg:28992")))
}
# see http://trac.osgeo.org/gdal/ticket/1987

dis-organization/sp_dplyrexpt documentation built on May 15, 2019, 8:52 a.m.