TreeGhatsData: Western Ghats tree database

Description Usage Details Value Note Author(s) Source References Examples

Description

A comprehensive database Western Ghats (WG) tree taxa with up-to-date taxonomic reference. It contains taxon names that have been commonly used in forest ecology research on Western Ghats. It also considers infrataxon level. The database is dynamic and will be updated.

Usage

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data("TreeGhatsData")

Details

The database is a compilation of different taxa lists : taxa for which the word "tree" appears in habit/growth form in the Flowering plants of the Western Ghats, book edited by the Tropical Botanic Garden Research Institute (TBGRI), including planted or cultivated taxa and in the Indian Biodiversity Portail (http://indiabiodiversity.org/); taxa described after 2014; taxon names used in studies done in different parts of the Western Ghats by the French institut of Pondicherry (IFP) or from 2000 with published lists of taxa. As most of studies did not distinguish the infraspecific level, for each infra species (sub-species, variety or form), we automatically add the species level as an entry in our taxonomic database. The database includes also basic ecological and biogeographical informormation and the conservation status according to IUCN. The version of the database available in TreeGhats package has been published on Zenodo on August 21st (https://zenodo.org/record/846291).

Value

A data frame including the following information:

Name

Taxon names without authority.

Spelling_variants

Other spelling found for taxon names.

Family_TBGRI

Family names according to the Tropical Botanic Garden Research Institute (TBGRI).

Family_APGIII

Family names according to APGIII.

Genus

Genus of taxon names.

Species

Specific epithet of taxon names.

InfraTaxonRank

Intraspecific rank of taxon names, either 'f.', 'subsp.', 'var.' or NA.

InfraTaxonName

Intraspecific epithet of taxon names.

Authority_InitialDatabases

Names of the author(s) who first published the taxon name presented in the reference lists to build TreeGhatsData.

Authority_TPL

Names of the author(s) who first published the taxon name, according to TPL. 'Absent' indicates taxon names not found in TPL.

Authority_IPNI

Names of the author(s) who first published the taxon name, according to IPNI. 'Absent' indicates taxon names not found in IPNI.

Full_name

Taxon names with authority.

ID_Tropicos

Tropicos record 'id'. 'Absent' indicates taxon names not found in Tropicos.

ID_TPL

The Plant List record 'id'. 'Absent' indicates taxon names not found in TPL.

Status_TPL

Taxonomic status found in TPL, either 'Absent', 'Accepted', 'Synonym' or 'Unresolved' (see http://www.theplantlist.org/1.1/about/#status). 'Absent' indicates taxon names not found in TPL.

ReferenceName_TPL

Reference taxon names, extracted from TPL. The field is filled with NA when taxon names are absent in TPL.

ReferenceAuthority_TPL

Names of the author(s) who first published the TPL reference taxon names. The field is filled with NA when taxon names are absent in TPL.

Status_TBGRI

Taxonomic status according to TBGRI, either 'Absent', 'Accepted' or 'Synonym'. 'Absent' designs names not found in TBGRI.

ReferenceName_TBGRI

Taxa names, according to TBGRI. The field is filled with NA when the name is absent in TBGRI.

ReferenceAuthorithy_TBGRI

Names of the author(s) who first published the TBGRI reference taxon names. The field is filled with NA when the name is absent in TBGRI.

Status_proposed

Taxonomic status proposed, either 'Accepted', 'Synonym' or 'Unresolved'.

ReferenceName_proposed

Reference names proposed.

ReferenceAuthorithy_proposed

Names of the author(s) who first published the reference names proposed.

Origin

Biogeographic origin according to TBGRI or IFP expertise, either 'exotic', 'endemic India', 'endemic WG' for endemic of Western Ghats, or 'native' for taxon with broader distribution than India.

Habit

Habit according to TBGRI or IFP expertise, either 'climbing shrub', 'liana', 'shrub', 'straggling shrub', 'straggling tree', 'tree', 'twining shrub', 'unknown' or any combination of these terms.

Phenology

Leaf phenology of plants according to IFP expertise, either 'evergreen' or 'deciduous'. The field is filled with NA when the leaf phenology is unknown.

IUCN

IUCN status of plants, either 'CR', 'DD', 'EN', 'EX', 'LC', 'LR/cd', 'LR/lc', 'LR/nt', 'NE', 'VU'. NA correspond to the non evaluated taxa.

Note

The database is not exhaustive but will be updated and completed regularly. The priority has been to include the most commonly used taxon names, so the database does not content all the known synonyms for a taxon. The attribution of 'tree' as a growth form to a taxon depends on the criteria used in the study and/or on the environmental conditions of the study area. It can explain missing taxa in the database and the inclusion of some shrubs or lianas according to TBGRI flora, as they have been reported in forest plots with a GBH larger than 10 cm.

Author(s)

V. Raevel & F. Munoz

Source

Nayar, T., Rasiya Beegam, A. & Sibi, M. 2015. Flowering plants of the Western Ghats, India, Volume 1 Dicots; Volume 2 Monocots. Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Insitute.

Ramesh, B.R., and Jean-Pierre Pascal. 1997. Atlas of Endemics of the Western Ghats (India): Distribution of Tree Species in the Evergreen and Semi-Evergreen Forests. French Institute of Pondicherry.

The International taxon names Index. http://www.ipni.org.

Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. http://www.tropicos.org.

India biodiversity Portal. http://indiabiodiversity.org/

The Plant List. http://www.theplantlist.org/

References

Raevel, V., Ayyappan, N., Balachandran, N., Aravajy, S., Barathan, N., Ramesh, B. R. & Munoz, F. (2017) Taxonomic and ecological database of trees of Western Ghats - TreeGhatsData (ed Zenodo), https://zenodo.org/record/846291

Examples

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frmunoz/TreeGhats documentation built on March 24, 2018, 5:24 a.m.