These data comprise of 188 cases of measles among children in the German city of Hagelloch, 1861. The data were originally collected by Dr. Albert Pfeilsticker (1863) and augmented and re-analysed by Dr. Heike Oesterle (1992).
A data frame with 188 rows and 12 columns
Case ID number
Number of patient who is the putative source of infection
Date of onset of prodromal symptoms
Date of onset of rash
Date of death (
NA implies recovered)
Age in years (fractions ignored)
Gender of the individual (factor: f, m)
Family ID number
School class (factor: 0, preschool; 1, 1st class; 2, 2nd class )
Complications (factor: no, yes)
x coordinate of house (in metres). Scaling in metres is obtained by multiplying the original coordinates by 2.5 (see details in Neal and Roberts (2004))
y coordinate of house (in metres). See
This version of the data was formatted from
hagelloch.df in the
surveillance package, which in turn was provided by Niels Becker via Peter Neal.
Formatting to fit in with the other datasets in the
outbreaks package by Simon Frost
Pfeilsticker (1863) and Oesterle (1992).
Pfeilsticker, A. 1863. Beiträge zur Pathologie der Masern mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der statistischen Verhältnisse, M.D. Thesis, Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen. Available as http://www.archive.org/details/beitrgezurpatho00pfeigoog.
Oesterle, H. 1992. Statistische Reanalyse einer Masernepidemie 1861 in Hagelloch, M.D. Thesis, Eberhard-Karls-Universitäat Tübingen.
Neal, P. J. and Roberts, G. O. 2004. Statistical inference and model selection for the 1861 Hagelloch measles epidemic, Biostatistics 5(2):249-261.
Höhle M. 2007. surveillance: An R package for the monitoring of infectious diseases. Computational Statistics, 22:571-582.
Meyer, S., Held, L., & Höhle, M. 2017. Spatio-Temporal Analysis of Epidemic Phenomena Using the R Package surveillance. Journal of Statistical Software, 77(11), 1 - 55.
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