Generate a residual function from a nonlinear model expression and a vector of named parameters.

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Description

Given a nonlinear model expressed as an expression of the form lhs ~ formula_for_rhs and a start vector where parameters used in the model formula are named, attempts to build the the R function for the residuals of the model. As a side effect, a text file with the program code is generated.

Usage

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   model2resfun(modelformula, pvec, funname="myres", filename=NULL)

Arguments

modelformula

This is a modeling formula of the form (as in nls) lhsvar ~ rhsexpression for example, y ~ b1/(1+b2*exp(-b3*tt)) You may also give this as a string.

pvec

A named parameter vector. For our example, we could use start=c(b1=1, b2=2.345, b3=0.123) WARNING: the parameters in the output function will be used in the order presented in this vector. Names are NOT respected in the output function.

funname

The (optional) name for the function that is generated in the file named in the next argument. The default name is 'myres'.

filename

The (optional) name of a file that is written containing the (text) program code for the function. If NULL, no file is written.

Details

None.

Value

An R function object that computes the gradient of the sum of squared residuals of a nonlinear model at a set of parameters.

Author(s)

John C Nash <nashjc@uottawa.ca>

References

Nash, J. C. (1979, 1990) _Compact Numerical Methods for Computers. Linear Algebra and Function Minimisation._ Adam Hilger./Institute of Physics Publications

See Also

Function nls(), packages optim and optimx.

Examples

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  cat("See also examples in nlmrt-package.Rd\n")
    # a test
  y <- c(5.308, 7.24, 9.638, 12.866, 17.069, 23.192, 31.443, 38.558, 
      50.156, 62.948, 75.995, 91.972)  # for testing
  tt <- seq_along(y)  # for testing
  # NOTE: use of t gives confusion with t() in R CMD check,
  # but not in direct use with source() 120429
  f <- y ~ b1/(1 + b2 * exp(-1 * b3 * tt))
  p <- c(b1 = 1, b2 = 1, b3 = 1)
  myres <- model2resfun(f, p)
  cat("myres:\n")
  print(myres)
  ans <- myres(p, tt = tt, y = y)  
  cat("ans:")  
  print(ans)
  cat("ss ( =? 23520.58):", as.numeric(crossprod(ans)),"\n")
  bnew <- c(b1 = 200, b2 = 50, b3 = 0.3)
  # anew<-myres(prm=bnew, t=t, y=y) # Note issue with t vs
  # t()
  anew <- eval(myres(prm = bnew, tt = tt, y = y))
  cat("anew:")
  print(anew)
  cat("ss ( =? 158.2324):", as.numeric(crossprod(anew)),"\n")
  cat("Test with vector of un-named parameters\n")
  bthree <- c(100, 40, 0.1)
  athree <- try(myres(prm = bthree, tt = tt, y = y))
  print(athree)
  cat("ss ( =? 19536.65):", as.numeric(crossprod(athree)),"\n")