R/intersect_sp.R

# Author: Robert J. Hijmans
# Date : December 2011
# Version 1.0
# Licence GPL v3

	
if (!isGeneric("intersect")) {
	setGeneric("intersect", function(x, y)
		standardGeneric("intersect"))
}	



setMethod('intersect', signature(x='SpatialPolygons', y='SpatialPolygons'), 
function(x, y) {

	requireNamespace("rgeos")


#	threshold <- get_RGEOS_polyThreshold()
#	on.exit(set_RGEOS_polyThreshold(threshold))
#	minarea <- min(apply(bbox(union(extent(x), extent(y))), 1, diff) / 1000000, 0.00001)
#	set_RGEOS_polyThreshold(minarea)
#	slivers <- get_RGEOS_dropSlivers()
#	on.exit(set_RGEOS_dropSlivers(slivers))
#	set_RGEOS_dropSlivers(TRUE)
    

	x <- spChFIDs(x, as.character(1:length(x)))
	y <- spChFIDs(y, as.character(1:length(y)))
		
	if (! identical(proj4string(x), proj4string(y)) ) {
		warning('non identical CRS')
		y@proj4string <- x@proj4string
	}	
	
	subs <- rgeos::gIntersects(x, y, byid=TRUE)
	if (sum(subs)==0) {
		warning('polygons do not intersect')
		return(NULL)
	}
		
	xdata <-.hasSlot(x, 'data')
	ydata <-.hasSlot(y, 'data')
	dat <- NULL
	if (xdata & ydata) {
		nms <- .goodNames(c(colnames(x@data), colnames(y@data)))
		colnames(x@data) <- xnames <- nms[1:ncol(x@data)]
		colnames(y@data) <- ynames <- nms[(ncol(x@data)+1):length(nms)]
		dat <- cbind(x@data[NULL, ,drop=FALSE], y@data[NULL, ,drop=FALSE])
	} else if (xdata) {
		dat <- x@data[NULL, ,drop=FALSE]
		xnames <- colnames(dat)
	} else if (ydata) {
		dat <- y@data[NULL, ,drop=FALSE]
		ynames <- colnames(dat)
	}

	subsx <- apply(subs, 2, any)
	subsy <- apply(subs, 1, any)
		
	int  <- rgeos::gIntersection(x[subsx,], y[subsy,], byid=TRUE, drop_lower_td=TRUE)
#	if (inherits(int, "SpatialCollections")) {
#		if (is.null([email protected])) { # merely touching, no intersection
#			#warning('polygons do not intersect')
#			return(NULL)
#		}
#		int <- [email protected]
#	}
	if (!inherits(int, 'SpatialPolygons')) {
		# warning('polygons do not intersect')
		return(NULL)
	}

	if (!is.null(dat)) {
		ids <- do.call(rbind, strsplit(row.names(int), ' '))
		rows <- 1:length(ids[,1])
		if (xdata) {
			idsx <- match(ids[,1], rownames(x@data))
			dat[rows, xnames] <- x@data[idsx, ]
		} 
		if (ydata) {
			idsy <- match(ids[,2], rownames(y@data))
			dat[rows, ynames] <- y@data[idsy, ]
		}
		rownames(dat) <- 1:nrow(dat)
		int <- spChFIDs(int, as.character(1:nrow(dat)))
		int <- SpatialPolygonsDataFrame(int, dat)
	}
	
	if (length(int) > 0) {
	
		w <- getOption('warn')
		on.exit(options('warn' = w))
		options('warn'=-1) 
	
		j <- rgeos::gIsValid(int, byid=TRUE, reason=FALSE)
		if (!all(j)) {
			bad <- which(!j)
			for (i in bad) {
				# it could be that a part of a polygon is a sliver, but that other parts are OK
				a <- disaggregate(int[i, ])
				if (length(a) > 1) {
					jj <- which(rgeos::gIsValid(a, byid=TRUE, reason=FALSE))
					a <- a[jj, ]
					if (length(a) > 0) {
						int@polygons[i] <- aggregate(a)@polygons
						j[i] <- TRUE
					}
				} 
			}
			int <- int[j,]
		}		
	}
	int	
} 
)


setMethod('intersect', signature(x='SpatialPolygons', y='SpatialLines'), 
function(x, y) {

	requireNamespace("rgeos")
		
	if (! identical(proj4string(x), proj4string(y)) ) {
		warning('non identical CRS')
		y@proj4string <- x@proj4string
	}	
	
	subs <- rgeos::gIntersects(x, y, byid=TRUE)
	if (sum(subs)==0) {
		warning('lines and polygons do not intersect')
		return(NULL)
	}

	i <- which(apply(subs, 2, any))
	x[i, ]
}
)

setMethod('intersect', signature(x='SpatialLines', y='SpatialPolygons'), 
function(x, y) {

	requireNamespace("rgeos")

	x <- spChFIDs(x, as.character(1:length(x)))
	y <- spChFIDs(y, as.character(1:length(y)))
		
	if (! identical(proj4string(x), proj4string(y)) ) {
		warning('non identical CRS')
		y@proj4string <- x@proj4string
	}	
	
	subs <- rgeos::gIntersects(x, y, byid=TRUE)
	if (sum(subs)==0) {
		warning('lines and polygons do not intersect')
		return(NULL)
	}
		
	xdata <-.hasSlot(x, 'data')
	ydata <-.hasSlot(y, 'data')
	dat <- NULL
	if (xdata & ydata) {
		nms <- .goodNames(c(colnames(x@data), colnames(y@data)))
		colnames(x@data) <- xnames <- nms[1:ncol(x@data)]
		colnames(y@data) <- ynames <- nms[(ncol(x@data)+1):length(nms)]
		dat <- cbind(x@data[NULL, ,drop=FALSE], y@data[NULL, ,drop=FALSE])
	} else if (xdata) {
		dat <- x@data[NULL, ,drop=FALSE]
		xnames <- colnames(dat)
	} else if (ydata) {
		dat <- y@data[NULL, ,drop=FALSE]
		ynames <- colnames(dat)
	}

	subsx <- apply(subs, 2, any)
	subsy <- apply(subs, 1, any)
		
	int  <- rgeos::gIntersection(x[subsx,], y[subsy,], byid=TRUE, drop_lower_td=TRUE)
#	if (inherits(int, "SpatialCollections")) {
#		if (is.null([email protected])) { # merely touching, no intersection
#			#warning('polygons do not intersect')
#			return(NULL)
#		}
#		int <- [email protected]
#	}
	if (!inherits(int, 'SpatialLines')) {
		# warning('polygons do not intersect')
		return(NULL)
	}

	if (!is.null(dat)) {
		ids <- do.call(rbind, strsplit(row.names(int), ' '))
		rows <- 1:length(ids[,1])
		if (xdata) {
			idsx <- match(ids[,1], rownames(x@data))
			dat[rows, xnames] <- x@data[idsx, ]
		} 
		if (ydata) {
			idsy <- match(ids[,2], rownames(y@data))
			dat[rows, ynames] <- y@data[idsy, ]
		}
		rownames(dat) <- 1:nrow(dat)
		int <- spChFIDs(int, as.character(1:nrow(dat)))
		int <- SpatialLinesDataFrame(int, dat)
	}
	
	if (length(int) > 0) {
		j <- which(rgeos::gIsValid(int, byid=TRUE, reason=FALSE))
		int <- int[j, ]
	}
	int	
} 
)


setMethod('intersect', signature(x='SpatialLines', y='SpatialLines'), 
function(x, y) {
	stopifnot(requireNamespace("rgeos"))

	if (! identical(proj4string(x), proj4string(y)) ) {
		warning('non identical CRS')
		y@proj4string <- x@proj4string
	} 
	
	
	xdata <-.hasSlot(x, 'data')
	ydata <-.hasSlot(y, 'data')

	x <- spChFIDs(x, as.character(1:length(x)))
	y <- spChFIDs(y, as.character(1:length(y)))

	if (! any(c(xdata, ydata))) {
		z <- rgeos::gIntersection(x, y, byid=TRUE)
		if (is.null(z)) {
			z <- SpatialPoints(cbind(0,0), proj4string=crs(x))
			z <- SpatialPointsDataFrame(z,data.frame(x=0, y=0))
			return( z[-1, ] )
		}
		rn <- rownames(z@coords)
		d <- data.frame(matrix(as.integer(unlist(strsplit(rn, ' '))), ncol=2, byrow=TRUE))
		colnames(d) <- c('x', 'y')
		rownames(z@coords) <- NULL
		z <- SpatialPointsDataFrame(z,d)
		return(z)
	}
	
	z <- rgeos::gIntersection(y, x, byid=TRUE)
	
	if (is.null(z)) {
		z <- SpatialPoints(cbind(0,0), proj4string=crs(x))
		return( z[-1, ] )
	}
	
	if (inherits(z, 'SpatialCollections')) {
		z <- z@pointobj
	}
	
	s <- strsplit(spChFIDs(z), ' ')
	s <- matrix(as.integer(unlist(s)), ncol=2, byrow=TRUE)
	
	if (xdata & ydata) {
		nms <- .goodNames(c(colnames(x@data), colnames(y@data)))
		xnames <- nms[1:ncol(x@data)]
		ynames <- nms[(ncol(x@data)+1):length(nms)]
		xd <- x@data[s[,2], ]
		yd <- y@data[s[,1], ]
		d <- cbind(xd, yd)
		colnames(d) <- c(xnames, ynames)
	} else if (xdata) {
		d <- x@data[s[,2], ]
	} else if (ydata) {
		d <- y@data[s[,1], ]
	}
	row.names(d) <- NULL
	row.names(z) <- as.character(1:length(z))
	SpatialPointsDataFrame(z, d)
}
)



setMethod('intersect', signature(x='SpatialPolygons', y='SpatialPoints'), 
function(x, y) {
	
	stopifnot(requireNamespace("rgeos"))
	
	if (! identical(proj4string(x), proj4string(y)) ) {
		warning('non identical CRS')
		y@proj4string <- x@proj4string
	} 
	
	i <- rgeos::gIntersects(x, y, byid=TRUE)
	i <- which(apply(i, 2, any))
	x[i, ]
}
)


setMethod('intersect', signature(x='SpatialPoints', y='ANY'), 
function(x, y) {
	
	if (inherits(y, 'SpatialLines')) {
		stop('intersect of SpatialPoints and Lines is not supported because of numerical inaccuracies.\nUse "buffer", to create SpatialPoygons from the lines and use that in intersect.\nOr see rgeos::gIntersection')
	}
	
	if (inherits(y, 'SpatialPolygons')) {
	
		if (! identical(proj4string(x), proj4string(y)) ) {
			warning('non identical CRS')
			y@proj4string <- x@proj4string
		} 

		stopifnot(requireNamespace("rgeos"))
		i <- rgeos::gIntersects(y, x, byid=TRUE)
	
		j <- cbind(1:length(y), rep(1:length(x), each=length(y)), as.vector(t(i)))
		j <- j[j[,3] == 1, -3, drop=FALSE]
		j <- j[order(j[,2]), ,drop=FALSE]
		x <- x[j[,2], ]
		
		if (.hasSlot(y, 'data')) {
			d <- y@data[j[,1], ]
			if (!.hasSlot(x, 'data')) {
				x <- SpatialPointsDataFrame(x, d)
			} else {
				x@data <- cbind(x@data, d)
			}
		} 
		return(x)
		
	} else {
		y <- extent(y)
		xy <- coordinates(x)
		i <- xy[,1] >= y@xmin & xy[,1] <= y@xmax & xy[,2] >= y@ymin & xy[,2] <= y@ymax
		x[i, ]
	}
}
)




setMethod('intersect', signature(x='SpatialPolygons', y='ANY'), 
function(x, y) {
	y <- extent(y)
	y <- as(y, 'SpatialPolygons')
	intersect(x, y)
}
)

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raster documentation built on April 6, 2019, 3:05 a.m.