R/run_banocc.R

Defines functions check_C get_gamma_param check_L check_vector check_n run_banocc

Documented in run_banocc

#' Runs BAnOCC to fit the model and generate appropriate convergence metrics
#'   and inference.
#'
#' @param compiled_banocc_model The compiled stan model (as with
#'   \code{stan_model(model_code = banocc_model)}).
#' @param C The dataset as a data frame or matrix. This should be N by P
#'   with N samples as the rows and P features as the columns. 
#' @param n The prior mean for m; vectors of length less than P (the number
#'   of features/columns of \code{C}) will be recycled.
#' @param L The prior variance-covariance for m (must be
#'   positive-definite with dimension PxP where P=number of features/columns
#'   in \code{C}), or a vector of length p of variances for m. If a vector of
#'   length less than P is given, it will be recycled.
#' @param a The shape parameter of a gamma distribution (the prior on the
#'   shrinkage parameter lambda)
#' @param b The rate parameter of a gamma distribution (the prior on the
#'   shrinkage parameter lambda)
#' @param init The initial values as a list (see
#'   \code{\link[rstan]{sampling}} in the \code{rstan} package). Default
#'   value is NULL, which means that initial values are sampled from the
#'   priors for parameters m and lambda while O is set to the identity matrix.
#' @inheritParams rstan::sampling
#' @param verbose Print informative statements as the function executes?
#' @param num_level The number of indentations to add to the output when
#'   \code{verbose = TRUE}.
#'
#' @importFrom rstan sampling
#'
#' @export
#'
#' @return
#' Returns a named list with the following elements:
#' \describe{
#'   \item{\emph{Data}}{The data formatted as a named list that includes the
#'     input data (\code{C}) and the prior parameters (\code{n}, \code{L},
#'     \code{a}, \code{b})}
#' 
#'   \item{\emph{Fit}}{The \code{stanfit} object returned by the call to
#'     \code{\link[rstan]{sampling}}}
#' }
#' 
#' @examples
#'   data(compositions_null)
#'   \dontrun{
#'     compiled_banocc_model <- rstan::stan_model(model_code=banocc_model)
#'     b_stanfit <- run_banocc(C=compositions_null,
#'                             compiled_banocc_model=compiled_banocc_model)
#'   }
#'
#' @seealso \code{vignette("banocc-vignette")} for more examples.

run_banocc <- function(compiled_banocc_model, C, n = rep(0, ncol(C)),
                       L = 10*diag(ncol(C)), a=0.5, b=0.01,
                       cores = getOption("mc.cores", 1L),
                       chains = 4, iter = 50, warmup = floor(iter/2),
                       thin = 1, init = NULL, control=NULL, 
                       verbose=FALSE, num_level=0){
    cat_v("Begin run_banocc\n", verbose, num_level=num_level)
    C <- check_C(C, verbose=verbose, num_level=num_level+1)
    Data <- list(C=C, N=nrow(C), P=ncol(C))
    
    Data$n <- check_n(n, Data$P, verbose, num_level=num_level+1)
    Data$L <- check_L(L, Data$P, verbose,
                      num_level=num_level+1)

    Data$a <- get_gamma_param(param=a, name="a")
    Data$b <- get_gamma_param(param=b, name="b")

    if (is.null(init)){
        init <- get_IVs(chains=chains, data=Data, verbose=verbose,
                        num_level=num_level + 1)
        test_output <- rstan::sampling(
            compiled_banocc_model, data=Data, init=init, chains=chains,
            iter=4, warmup=2, refresh=0, show_messages=FALSE)
        num_tests <- 1
        while (length(dimnames(test_output)) == 0 && num_tests < 10){
            init <- get_IVs(chains=chains, data=Data, verbose=verbose,
                            num_level=num_level + 1)
            test_output <- rstan::sampling(
                compiled_banocc_model, data=Data, init=init, chains=chains,
                iter=4, warmup=2, refresh=0, show_messages=FALSE)
            num_tests <- num_tests + 1
        }
        if (length(dimnames(test_output)) == 0){
            stop("Unable to generate workable starting values from",
                 " priors after 10 tries. Try specifying the values ",
                 "by hand.")
        }
    }

    cat_v("Begin fitting the model\n", verbose, num_level=num_level+1)
    refresh <- ifelse(verbose, max(iter/10, 1), 0)
    Fit <- rstan::sampling(compiled_banocc_model, data=Data,
                           chains=chains, iter=iter,
                           warmup=warmup, thin=thin,
                           init=init, cores=cores,
                           control=control,
                           show_messages=FALSE,
                           refresh=refresh)
    cat_v("End fitting the model\n", verbose, num_level=num_level+1)

    fit_converged <- evaluate_convergence(b_stanfit=Fit, verbose=verbose,
                                          num_level=num_level + 1)

    cat_v("End run_banocc\n", verbose, num_level=num_level)

    return(list(Data=Data, Fit=Fit))
}

check_n <- function(n, p, verbose=FALSE, num_level=0){
    cat_v("Begin check_n\n", verbose, num_level=num_level)
    n <- as.numeric(n)
    n <- check_vector("n", n, p, verbose, num_level=num_level+1)
    cat_v("End check_n\n", verbose, num_level=num_level)
    return(n)
}


check_vector <- function(parm.name, parm, p, verbose=TRUE, num_level=0){
    cat_v("Begin check_vector...", verbose, num_level=num_level)
    if (!is.vector(parm) || mode(parm)!="numeric"){
        stop("'", parm.name, "' must be a vector")
    }
    if ((length(parm) < p) && (length(parm) > 1)){
        warning("recycling '", parm.name, "'")
        parm <- rep(parm, ceiling(p / length(parm)))[seq_len(p)]
    } else if (length(parm) == 1){
        parm <- rep(parm, p)
    } else if (length(parm) > p){
        warning("length of '", parm.name,
                "' is > p; only using first p elements")
        parm <- parm[seq_len(p)]
    }
    cat_v("Done.\n", verbose)
    return(parm)
}

check_L <- function(L, p, verbose=FALSE, num_level=0){
    cat_v("Begin check_L...", verbose, num_level=num_level)
    if (!is.numeric(L)){
        stop("L must be numeric")
    }

    if (is.matrix(L)){
        if (any(dim(L) != p)){
            stop("L must be a square matrix with the same number of",
                 " columns as C")
        }
        if (any(eigen(L)$values <= 0)){
            stop("'L' is not positive definite.")
        }
        if (!is.symmetric(L)){
            stop("'L' must be symmetric")
        }
    } else if (is.vector(L)){
        if ((length(L) < p) && (length(L) > 1)){
            warning("'L' is being recycled")
            num_rep <- ceiling(p / length(L))
            L <- diag(rep(L, num_rep)[seq_len(p)])
        } else if (length(L) == 1){
            L <- diag(rep(L, p))
        } else if (length(L) > p){
            warning("'L' has length > p; only first p elements will be ",
                    "used.")
            L <- diag(L[seq_len(p)])
        } else {
            L <- diag(L)
        }
    } else {
        stop("'L' must be either a matrix or a vector")
    }
    cat_v("Done.\n", verbose)
    return(L)
}

get_gamma_param <- function(param, name){
    if (param <= 0){
        stop("'", name, "' must be > 0")
    } else {
        return(param)
    }

}

check_C <- function(C, zero_adj=0.0001, verbose=FALSE, num_level=0){
    cat_v("Begin checking input data matrix\n", verbose=verbose,
          num_level=num_level)
    if (any(C < 0)){
        stop("Some values of C are < 0")
    }
    if (any(C > 1)){
        stop("Some values of C are > 1")
    }
    if (any(rowSums(C) - 1 > 1e-8)){
        stop("Some row sums of C are larger than 1; perhaps you ",
             "transposed features and samples?")
    }
    if (!is.data.frame(C) && !is.matrix(C)){
        stop("C must be a data frame or matrix")
    }
    C <- as.matrix(C)
    if (!is.numeric(C)){
        stop("C must be numeric")
    }
    if (any((1 - rowSums(C)) > 1e-8)){
        stop("Some of the subject totals are less than 1. Try ",
             "adding an additional column with the remainders.")
    }
    if (any(C == 0)){
        warning("Some values of C are zero. ",
                "Since zero-inflation is not yet implemented, these ",
                "will be changed to ", zero_adj, ".")
        C <- adjust_zeros(C, zero_adj=zero_adj, verbose=verbose,
                          num_level=num_level+1)
    }
    cat_v("End checking input data matrix\n", verbose=verbose,
          num_level=num_level)
    return(C)
}

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banocc documentation built on Nov. 1, 2018, 4:42 a.m.