Functions to check if an object is a data frame, or coerce it if possible.
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as.data.frame(x, row.names = NULL, optional = FALSE, ...) ## S3 method for class 'character' as.data.frame(x, ..., stringsAsFactors = default.stringsAsFactors()) ## S3 method for class 'list' as.data.frame(x, row.names = NULL, optional = FALSE, ..., cut.names = FALSE, col.names = names(x), fix.empty.names = TRUE, stringsAsFactors = default.stringsAsFactors()) ## S3 method for class 'matrix' as.data.frame(x, row.names = NULL, optional = FALSE, ..., stringsAsFactors = default.stringsAsFactors()) is.data.frame(x)
any R object.
additional arguments to be passed to or from methods.
logical: should the character vector be converted to a factor?
logical or integer; indicating if column names with
more than 256 (or
(optional) character vector of column names.
logical indicating if empty column names, i.e.,
as.data.frame is a generic function with many methods, and
users and packages can supply further methods. For classes that act
as vectors, often a copy of
as.data.frame.vector will work
as the method.
If a list is supplied, each element is converted to a column in the
data frame. Similarly, each column of a matrix is converted separately.
This can be overridden if the object has a class which has
a method for
as.data.frame: two examples are
matrices of class
"model.matrix" (which are
included as a single column) and list objects of class
"POSIXlt" which are coerced to class
Arrays can be converted to data frames. One-dimensional arrays are treated like vectors and two-dimensional arrays like matrices. Arrays with more than two dimensions are converted to matrices by ‘flattening’ all dimensions after the first and creating suitable column labels.
Character variables are converted to factor columns unless protected
If a data frame is supplied, all classes preceding
are stripped, and the row names are changed if that argument is supplied.
row.names = NULL, row names are constructed from the names
or dimnames of
x, otherwise are the integer sequence
starting at one. Few of the methods check for duplicated row names.
Names are removed from vector columns unless
as.data.frame returns a data frame, normally with all row names
optional = TRUE.
TRUE if its argument is a data
frame (that is, has
"data.frame" amongst its classes)
Chambers, J. M. (1992) Data for models. Chapter 3 of Statistical Models in S eds J. M. Chambers and T. J. Hastie, Wadsworth & Brooks/Cole.
as.data.frame.table for the
table method (which has additional arguments if called directly).