Utility function to extract information about files on the user's file systems.
file.info(..., extra_cols = TRUE) file.mode(...) file.mtime(...) file.size(...)
character vectors containing file paths. Tilde-expansion
is done: see
Logical: return all cols rather than just the first six.
What constitutes a ‘file’ is OS-dependent but includes
directories. (However, directory names must not include a trailing
backslash or slash on Windows.) See also the section in the help for
file.exists on case-insensitive file systems.
The file ‘mode’ follows POSIX conventions, giving three octal digits summarizing the permissions for the file owner, the owner's group and for anyone respectively. Each digit is the logical or of read (4), write (2) and execute/search (1) permissions.
See files for how file paths with marked encodings are interpreted.
On most systems symbolic links are followed, so information is given about the file to which the link points rather than about the link.
file.info, data frame with row names the file names and columns
double: File size in bytes.
logical: Is the file a directory?
integer of class
object of class
integer: the user ID of the file's owner.
integer: the group ID of the file's group.
Unknown user and group names will be
extra_cols is false, only the first six columns are
returned: as these can all be found from a single C system call this
can be faster. (However, properly configured systems will use a
‘name service cache daemon’ to speed up the name lookups.)
Entries for non-existent or non-readable files will be
may not be supplied on a non-POSIX Unix-alike system, and will not be
What is meant by the three file times depends on the OS and file
system. On Windows native file systems
ctime is the file
creation time (something which is not recorded on most Unix-alike file
systems). What is meant by ‘file access’ and hence the
‘last access time’ is system-dependent.
The resolution of the file times depends on both the OS and the type
of the file system. Modern file systems typically record times to an
accuracy of a microsecond or better: notable exceptions are HFS+ on
macOS (recorded in seconds) and modification time on older FAT systems
(recorded in increments of 2 seconds). Note that
times are by default printed in whole seconds: to change that see
convenience wrappers returning just one of the columns.
Some (now old) systems allow files of more than 2Gb to be created but
not accessed by the
stat system call. Such files may show up
as non-readable (and very likely not be readable by any of R's input
Sys.readlink to find out about symbolic links,
DateTimeClasses for the date formats.
Sys.chmod to change permissions.
ncol(finf <- file.info(dir())) # at least six finf # the whole list ## Those that are more than 100 days old : finf <- file.info(dir(), extra_cols = FALSE) finf[difftime(Sys.time(), finf[,"mtime"], units = "days") > 100 , 1:4] file.info("no-such-file-exists")
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